HARRIS ANCESTORS

SERGEANT JOHN HARRIS

The following is a genealogical summary of my notes in progress, 'Two Thomas Harises of Isle of Wight, Virginia', which I have produced in response to requests to speculate on the probable relationships between a Harris family of Southwark, London, one of whom was William Harris, a merchant partner of William Underwood and James Williamson in Virginia, and a group of other, intermarried, Southwark families that settled in Virginia.
 
In one sense, these families, as kinship groups, were in the 'orbit' of the Yardley and Yearwood families of Virginia. Kinship groups were a means of survival and furtherment: As stated in 'Two Thomas Harises', ‘In Darwinian terms, the English kinship groups that settled Virginia and were competing species that had to adapt to the harsh reality of frontier life in order to survive, with survival being dependent on mutual co-operation and alliances within their ranks – the concept of individual advancement through social enterprise’. Such enterprise was greatly assisted by the patronage of the most prominent families within the group.

A case in point is that of Thomas Harris, born 1636, who, in 1662, married Dorothy Bassano. He was not just marrying Dorothy, of course, but was 'marrying' into those closely connected to her, and to those connected to them. Thus, with Dorothy's second-cousin marrying Dorothie, dau. of Jo. Hinde of London, whose father's Will was witness by Nicholas Kinge, and Peter Newsam, and had as overseer 'Ralph Yardly of London', who, as noted herein, was the father of Governor Yardley of Virginia (TNA, Prob.11/147, f), the 'circle' into which Thomas married is evident.

As will be shown, Nicolas Kinge was the 'cousin' of Richard Yearwood (father of Governor George Yearwood); he married Margaret West* in 1630, probably of the family who were neighbours of Ralph Yardley and Richard Yearwood in Southwark. Nicholas King's daughter, by his first wife, married John Harvard's brother; John Harvard being the brother-in-law of John Sadler, the brother-in-law of Richard Quiney. On November 16, 1635, William Barker als Baker (son-in-law of Sergeant John Harris), John Sadler, Richard Quiney, merchants, and their associates, patented 1250 acres in Charles City County, Virginia.

*This West family are noted in Southwark records: Prob. 11/586/268. Will of John West, Gentleman of Saint Saviour Southwark, Surrey. August 2, 1722. D/P 132/16/2/1: Sworn statement by Mary Newman, alias West, alias Edwards, of the parish of St. Olave, Southwark, that the contents of the annexed copy of the register of her marriage to John West of Froom, Somerset, is true. Also an annexed document, copied from the marriage register of Froom, stating that John West and Mary Newman are married. 1765. This Mary West being also recorded thus: Copy of will and probate (E/NK/004), 'Mary West of St. Olaves Southwark, spinster; Elizabeth Simms, sister, Elizabeth West, niece and John West, brother, beneficiaries; John Fares (Farris) and Robert Harris of Compton Street, Southwark, exors. 1770-1784. (1772).

Given the connection of a Walton family to Southwark (see para. xxv.), the following is likely to be of relevance: George Walton, Will probated January 26, 1767 (W. B. 3, pp. 462-463), 'Item: I give and bequeath unto Adam Simms, Jun'r, ones shilling Sterling, to be paid by my executor', Adam Simms having married his daughter, Elizabeth Walton. 'Item: I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Catherine Harris, one negro named Isaac, to her and her heirs or assigns forever', she being Catherine Walton, who married Nathan Harris.

Families with members in England and Virginia kept close contact, as evidenced by a substantial number of extant letters. English members of families constantly emigrated to Virginia and Carolina, etc., over a period of generations; their cousins being their  conduit. Family ties were constantly invigorated through the marriages of various degrees of cousin, and each generation marrying into the same families - through consanguineous and non-consanguineous pathways.
 
The relevance of a family of Newman to that of Harris is recorded thus: Charles County Court Records, March 1738/9 Court, p. 541: Apr 27, 1738: 'Priscilla Newman, Adm'x  John Newman ... To the account the widow of the decd's one third ... John Courts & Jno Harris Jr, both of CC, Sureties. 10 Apr 17 1738: James Renalds (Reynolds). Sureties: Richard Marshall, John Douglass. Received from: Joseph Gwinn, John Muddux, Thomas Smoot, Jr., Barton Smoot, Benjamin Gwinn, Col, Fendall, Thomas Mony, Matthew Marten, Notley Maddox, Richard Smith, Thomas Harris, Jr., Charles Phillpott, Francis Glass, John Newman, Rand. Brandt, Jacob Brandt, Robert Yates, John Courts, Barton Smoot, Jr., William Cage, Joshua Willson, John Harris, Nathan Harris ...'. The aforementioned Mary Newman may have been the dau. of George Newman, who returned to England after the death of her father: 'Charles County Land Records, p. 235. 'At the request of James Williams of CC, the following partition between him and wife, Jno Woodman and wife, Elinor Noe & Mary Newman, of the lands lately in the possession of Geo: Newman deceased, recorded September 16, 1730'. 'Elizabeth Sims, age about 35, deposes that to the best of her knowledge, John Newman told her that, in the above valley, he was in company with George Newman at the time that Charles Brandt was clearing the ground on the north side of sd valley, and adjoining to it, and that sd George Newman told sd Charles Brandt not to clear any further, for that he had cut down one his sd Newman's line trees, which stood in the afd valley near the marsh first before mentioned. Signed - Elizabeth Simms. March 6, 1729'.

A Newman family are extensively recorded in Southwark, London: Prob. 11/134/33: Will of Daniell Newman, Fishmonger of Saint Saviour, Southwark. Proved July 15, 1619. Grace Newman is mentioned in the Will of her grandmother, Grace Bromfield, of St Saviour. 'Testator is the widow of Thomas Bromfeild of Sevenoaks, Kent, gentleman, deceased. Testator is weak in body. Asks to be buried in St Saviour church.  A bequest to the poor of St Saviour'. Grace Bromfield was the sister-in-law of John Payne of St Saviour, citizen and fishmonger of London, as immediately follows.
 
As will also be shown, the connection of London merchants to the upper Chippoakes region of Virginia, associated with Sergeant John Harris, derived from the the connections between Governor George Yardley and John Harvard. It was also a case that the said Thomas Harris did not marry into this kinship group; he married within it  - Governor George Yearwood, son of Richard Yearwood, was the brother-in-law of Edward Payne, brother of John Payne of Virginia. John Payne of Southwark, ‘who is nowe beyonde the sea’ is seen in this deed as a co-sponsor, with Thomas Griffin (a cousin of the Harris family) and William Newsum, all of St. Olave's Southwark: 'William Nesum, Tho. Sax, Miles Battersby & John Payne, 800 acs. called the Island Neck, lieing on N. side of Rappa. Riv. neare Curritomon Riv. mouth, Northumberland Co., 29 Jan. 1649. Same: 550 acs. in same county & same date. On N. side the Rappa. Riv., adj. to the Island Neck, running N. N. W. to Marsh Poynt Cr. Trans. of 11 pers: Richd. Pagget, Richd. Jones, Ja. Richardson, Wm. Horlson, Hugh Griffin, Tho. Griffin, Tho. Grimsditch (C&P, 2, p. 188). This obviously connects to Thomas Harris, d. 1672, as his father-in-law, Nicholas George, with John Grymsditch, received a 300 acre patent of land in Isle of Wight C., on Pagan Creek (B. 1, p. 633). John Grymsditch was a transportee of William Newsum, January 29, 1649 (Virginia Patents B. 2, p. 188). These associations were also shared by Thomas Harris, d. 1688.

'Two Thomas Harises' also makes the point that ‘The vital importance of kinship support in England and colonial America is well documented', and gives as reference a number of recently published American works on this subject. This is anathema to many, who ignorantly prefer a 'chance coming together of individuals' theory to explain early American colonisation, without bothering to read the contrary view given by academic research.

The colonisation of America by a certain class of English emigrant was accomplished through the centuries old custom of intermarriages between cosely connected families; the concept of marriages as a game of chess, in which advantage was sought in every move.

I had previously identified the group of Harris under discussion as eminating from the East Sussex/Kent region of England, as a consequence of them having definite associations in Virginia with families from this region. That much holds true, but such associations came about through an intermarriage with the very influential family of Warren, of Ripple Court, Kent, and the marriage of George Yardley's son to the relict of John Gookin.

The families of the two Thomas Harises under discussion came from Southwark, England, as did associated families of Bassano, Griffin, Hart, Kinge, Lanier, Newsum, Payne, Powell, Shephard, Spencer, Taliafero, Woodward,Yardley, and Yearwood; the Woodwards being intermarried with a Walton family of Virginia. These families were mainly of two of the five ancient parishes of Southwark, St Olave, and St Saviour.

                                                                                                             GENEALOGICAL SUMMARY

i. 1.  ... Harrys of Southwark. 

ii. 1.1. 'William Harris Fishmonger, of Saint Saviour'. The Will of 'Jeffrey Williamson, of St Saviour, (Southwark) fishmonger', was proved April 8, 1589 ... Overseers: 'William Harris, fishmonger'. Others named   Elizabeth his wife.  Thomas Williamson, his brother. William Harris and Edward Griffin both married daus. of John Treherne Sr. ... Edward Griffin was the father of Thomas Griffin, father of (1) George Griffin, whose wife was Joan Griffin, as described in her will, proved April 19, 1661: 'Joan Griffin of the County of High Nockect in the River Ausemund in the Country of Virginia and now being in St. Ollave's parish near London ... (2) Thomas Griffin, father of his namesake, appraiser of the estate of 'Richard Williamson, Appraisal taken November 16, 1665. Mr. Peter Garland Adm., Appraisers: Francis Ayers, Richard Williamson, Thomas Griffin ...'. Reg: August 9, 1666 (B. 2, p. 6). Given the continuous association in Virginia between this family of Griffin and one of Williamson, it seems highly probable that Thomas Williamson, brother of Jeffrey, was the ancestor of the said Richard Williamson, and he the father of Dr. James Williamson and Dr. Robert Williamson, as follows. The connection of the Harris family to that of Williamson was probably based on 'William Harris Fishmonger' being the brother-in-law of 'Jeffrey Williamson, fishmonger', and his brother, Thomas.

iii. Thomas Griffin, in his will, probated April 9, 1670, left to his son and namesake 'land I bought of Captain Fulgham' ('Wills & Admins', 1-3, p. 9). John Harris, son of Thomas Harris, obit. 1672, married, firstly, Margaret Hobbs, and, secondly, on April 13, 1689, Elizabeth Church, by whom he had a dau., Isabella Harris; born April 17, 1695, who married, in 1736, Nicholas Fulgham, a grandson of the said 'Captain Fulgham'. Thomas Griffin is mentioned in the Will of Edward Bradshaw, who gave to Thomas Griffin '8 hhd tobo. I sold to Mr Travers ... also all other goods that is betwixt me & 'Mr Underwood'.
 
iv. 'Mr. Underwood' was Col. William Underwood, whose dau., Anne, m. Dr. James Williamson. William Underwood Sr. married Margaret ..., who m. (2) John Upton. The Will of John Upton shows that Margaret Underwood's dau., Anne Underwood, married James Williamson. 'William Uderwood, son and heir of William Underwood, Senr., late of Rappa. in Virginia in the parts of America Gent send greeting Know ye that I William Uderwood the sone have made & appointed my well beloved uncle William Mosley my lawfull guardian & attorney for me', recorded July 22, 1663 (Rappahannock Records, Vol. 1656-64, p. 342).

v. William Moseley was associated with George Yardley, baptised July 28, 1588, at St. Saviour, Southwark (n.b.'son of Ralph'), who died in 1627, in Virginia. His wife was Temperance Flowerdew, who after his death married Richard West, br. of Lord Delaware. On January 20, 1625, Captain Nathaniel Basse declared that ‘John Coombes & John Ewyne cam over into this County in the good shipp caled Marigolde, Ano Domi 1619, the 20th of May, and were delivered by Capt. Lane to Sr. George Yardley to the Compenys use’. John Coombes was of St. Saviour, Southwark. George & Temperance’s son, Francis, married Sarah Offley, her third husband, she having married (1) Adam Thorowgood, see anon. (2) John Gookin. By John Gookin, she had Mary Gookin, who m. (1) William Moseley, and (2) Anthony Lawson. Mary was the niece of Major General Daniel Gookin of MA. (see Jester’s Adventurers of Purse & Person, p. 185, 1964). Elizabeth Yardley, b. 1615, d. 1666 in Bruton Parish, York Co., sister of Francis, m., as first wife, Joseph Croshaw; their daughter, Unity Croshaw, married Colonel John West. Mary Bromfield, d. bef. May 28, 1673, widow of Thomas Bromfield, was Joseph Crowshaw's fifth wife. Ralph Yardley, father of George, mentions, in his Will, his 'sister', Ann Palmer, widow of John Palmer, whose Will names Richard Yearwood and Nicholas Kinge as her cousins. Ann's daughter, Anne, m. (2) Robert Bromfield, the brother of Edward Bromfield, merchant, and lord Mayor of London, who married Margaret Payne, daughter of John Payne of Southwark, heretofore mentioned.
 
vi. Thomas Harris of Surry Co. (obit. 1672) sold to Christopher Benn all the land at Pagan Point, purchased from William Batte and the aforementioned Mrs. Margaret Upton. (See para. xxxiii.).

vii. William Batte was associated with the Powell family of St. Olave's, Southwark: In October 1654, William Powell of the Parish of St.Saviour, Southwark, baker, appeared before the Mayor's Court to tesify that his elder brother William Powell had died in Virginia, without issue, and that his lands and plantations there should therefore descend to him. William, his younger brother ... Depositions explain that both William Powells were so named after their godfather(s) and that William Powell the elder was 'at ye time of this deponent’s birth (William Powell the younger’s birth) was very dangerously sick in so much as his parents and friends did dispare his life, & for these reasons did also name him William'.

viii. The first William Powell's plantation across the river from Jamestown was called Chippoakes. In essence, many of the families of this account followed in the footprints of William Powell.  One relationship of the Powells to the Harris family of St. Olave’s is through the Griffins, that is, contemporary to John Powell was a Hugh Powell (ap Howell) of St. Olave’s, who married Margaret Griffin, their son being William Powell (baptised in 1587, he being often confounded with his above decribed namesake), whose son was Griffin Powell, see registers. If John and Hugh Powell were closely related, then so were the Powells and Harris families.

ix. As 'William Batt of Lower Chippoakes', he sold land, in 1658, at 'Rich Neck' (later the home of the Ruffins), to Ralph Jones. The deed recites that 275 acres was formerly patented by William Newsome, on March 3, 1636. On September 6, 1653, Henry Banister deeded to William Batt land which had been left to him by the last Will of William Sheppard, and which was bought from Newsome in 1640 (Surry Deeds and Wills, 1645-72, p. 30.). In May 1666, Wiliam Ruffin and Robert Coleman patented 938 acres of land in Isle of Wight County adjacent to Thomas Harris, d. 1688.

x. 1.1.1. William Harris, the 'underage son' named in his father's Will of 1600, married Elizabeth Stanlie, on February 20, 1602, in St. Olave, Southwark. Their son was William Harris Jr., as follows: 'Peter Pope, notary public, in Rotterdam, Holland. That John Shepeard of Rotterdam appoints 'his well beloved brother Wm Harris' to receive ac/s from Wm. Underwood or James Williamson, merchants, living in Virginia, particularly for all goods delivered the said Williamson in the absence of Underwood ... late end of the year 1648' (Beverley Fleet, Virginia Colonial Abstracts). The Lancs. Co. Levy, February 6, 1654, indicated groups of Neighbours: 'Mr William Underwood to rec. for 26 tytheables ... Jo. Sherlock ... Mr Williamson ... Tho Robinson'. John Sherlock was associated with Dr. James Williamson: 'John Sherlock, 200 acres Lancaster Co., 15 Nov. 1653. In Rappa. Riv., on the head of a devdt. of land formerly surveyed for Mr. James Williamson, lyeing on Totaskey Creek, running N.E. by N. by the creek side to a small branch dividing this & the land allotted to the Rappahanock Indians. Transportation of 4 persons: Judith Holliman, ... Holliman, Robert Sutton, Christopher Holliman. The Holman and Sherlock families of St. Olaves, Southwark, are variously recorded: The Will of William Sherlocke, (had a son named John), Yeoman of Saint Saviour Southwark Surrey. December 10, 1663. Prob. 11/312/487: Bennett v Leake. Plaintiffs: Thomas Bennett. Defendants: Henry Leake, Edward Bromefield, Richard Holman. Subject: messuage and brewhouse near Battle Bridge in St Olave’s, Southwark, Surrey. 1603-1625: ‘William Holman & Margaret Kelham, June 23, 1617’ (married).

xi. 1.1.1.1. William Harris Jr., married a sister of John Shepeard (TNA, Prob. 11/318/482, Will of John Shepheard, Grocer of Southwark, November 14, 1665), they being partners of George Baldero, 'merchant of London' (c. 1603-1666), who deposed (HCA 13/71) on May 29th, 1656 in the case "On the behalfe of Henry Baldero, William Harris and John Shephard English Merchants touching the shipp the Catherine, John Thompson Master'.

xii. The intermarried Spencer and Sheppard families of Virginia were of St. Olave's, Southwark, and are recorded thus: 'William & Alice Spencer' (married June 23, 1622), at St. Olave's, Southwark. William Spencer's nephew, Nicholas, is recorded in the St. Olave's registers as being the father of John Spencer: 'John Spencer 26 September 1641 f. Nicholas Spencer'.

xiii. William and Alice Spencer had issue: Elizabeth Spencer, who m. (1) Major Robert Sheppard (bef. 1654) of James City, VA. He was very likely a son of ‘Francis Shepheard and Elizabeth Ellis’ (married September 28, 1617), St. Olave’s Southwark. (2) Thomas Warren, of Ripple Court, Kent.

xiv. Major Robert Sheppard and Elizabeth Spencer had issue: Anne Shephard, who m. (1) Thomas Hart & (2) William Newsome. The Will of John Hurt alias Hart, ‘John, of St Saviour, yeoman’, proved September 22, 1632, reveals him ‘sick in body’; he asks to be buried in St Saviour church, and makes a bequest bequest to the poor of Clink Liberty ‘where I now dwell’. One of his legacies is a kiln standing beside his house, which is a source of income. Has a lease to grounds in Wapping. Family members named: Rebecca, his wife, Sara and Martha Hurt alias Hart, his daughters; Charles Hurt alias Hart, his brother, who is to manage the kiln; Hanna, his daughter by his wife Rebecca. Others named: Thomas Butler. Executor: Rebecca his wife. Overseers: Charles Hurt alias Hart; Thomas Butler; Andrew Lucas. Witnesses: Charles Hurt alias Hart; Thomas Butler; Andrew Lucas; Peter Newsam, scrivener (TNA, Prob.11/162, ff.243v-244r).

xv. Thomas Warren and Elizabeth Sencer had issue: Alice Warren, who m. Mathias Marriott, their daughter being Margaret Marriot, who m. Robert Flake; their daughter, Alice Flake, m. William Gwaltney. (Thus, the connection of the Gwaltneys to this kinship group is established, n.b). Their daughter, Anne Gwaltney, m. Edward Boykin, who patented 520 acres on the Blackwater in 1683. Arthur Allen (father-in-law of James Williamson), sold him 525 acres at Blackwater on August 9, 1692, and, on February 5, 1702, sold to Edward Boykin ‘of the Upper Parish of Isle of Wight’ one half of 800 acres of land in the Quit Rents of 1704. Edward Boykin’s wife was evidently a daughter of William Gwaltney, Sr., whose Will was probated in Surry Co. on March 2, 1732 (B. 8, p. 257). William Gwaltney gave his ‘Grandson Edward Boykin one cow’, this being Edward Boykin, Jr., who returned an account of the estate of his father, Edward Boykin, in March 1730. John Boykin died soon after his father who had given him the plantation ‘whereon I now live’ and prior to settlement of his father, Edward Boykin, Sr.’s estate. John Boykin died intestate, as an inventory of his estate was appraised by Francis Williamson, John Dunkley, and Edward Harris, and recorded February 23, 1729 (B. 3, p. 255).
 
xvi. In a court case of November 28, 1649, John Harris entered a plea against Thomas Pugh in which it is stated that that John Harris was demised land by Thomas Spencer, brother of Nicholas Spencer of Virginia, nephews of William Spencer. Major Robert Sheppard and Captain William Cockerham of the Colonial Militia appear to have inherited his land. Surry County Records show that William Cockerham, son of Wm. Cockerham, made deed to '150 acres of land to Wm. Harris of Lownes Parish, county of Surry'. This land is described as 'part of a Pattn. for 1350 acres granted to Mr. Wm. Spencer, late of this county, of Feb. 10, 1637 and from said Spencer descended to me, the said Cockram', Signed William Cockerham, Jan. 4, 1685.
 
xvii. 1.1.1.1.1. Thomas Harris, d. 1688, m. Dorothy Bessana, of S’ Lawrence Jury, Spr, ab’ 19'. 'George Bryar & Rich. Lawrence, 3000 acs. Rappa. Co. on Ewd. side of Rappa. Cr., 16 Mar. 1663. Beg. on sd. Cr. side adj. land of Col. More Fantleroy* & opposite to the now plantation of Col. Walker, extending along the Cr. side to land of Charles Grimes, dec'd., bounded by same, land of Mr. Jno. Hull & his own to white oak in his Cr. &c. Trans. of 60 pers: ... Thomas Harris, Ann Harris, Susan Harris ... Mathew Tomlin ... Andrew Joyner ...'.
 
xviii. *Samuel Griffin's son-in-law; he being the br. of Thomas Griffin, aforementioned, of Southwark, London. More Fauntleroy Sr. patented land on the N side of the Rappahannock River was on the W side of Bushrod Creek next to the land of William Underwood (the business partner of William Harris Jr., aforementioned); a tract called Mangorite, adjacent to the modern bridge which crosses the river to the town of Tappahannock. He came to Virginia about 1641 and settled in the county of Upper Norfolk. He represented Upper Norfolk in the Houlse of Burgeses at the sessions of October 1644, February 1644-5, January 1647. Not long after this date he removed to the count of Lancaster for which he was burgess at the sessions of March 1651, July 1653, March 1654-5, March 1655-6, December 1656. After the county of Rappahannock was formed from Lancaster he represented the former county of the sessions of March 1658-9, March 1659-60. He had a son William Fauntleroy of Rappahannock County who married in 1680 Katherine, daughter of Colonel Samuel Griffin, of Northumberland County. William and Katherine (Griffin) Fauntleroy had a son, Colonel William Fauntleroy of Naylor's Hole, Richmond County, who was born in 1684 and died in 1757. He was a member of the House of Burgesses from Richmond County at the sessions of August 1736 - April 1749. He married Apphia, daughter of John Bushrod and had a daughter Sarah who married James Gray' (Wallace's V.H.M, July 1891). In the records of Old Rappahannock County, Vol. 1, p. 33, an account of the Will of Francis Slaughter states: 'to my brother-in-law, Coll. Moore Fauntleroy, my book entitled Hooker 's Ecclesiastical Policy'. Mrs. Margaret Underwood, herein accounted had  daughters (probably by her first husband); including: Elizabeth, who married Francis Slaughter, 2nd, Capt. John Catlett; Anne, married James Williamson.
 
xix. John Catlett's family were associated with the Taliaferro family Of St. Olave’s, Southwark: Bartholomew Tallafer applied for residency in London on March 4, 1562, he described himself as a subject of the Duke of Venice. After moving to London, he married Joane Lane, on January 1, 1583.  He was buried, on September 22, 1601, at St. Olave’s, Hart Street, London. Bartholomew’s son, Francis Taliaferro, married Bennett Haie; their son, Robert Taliaferro, was baptised on November 19, 1626, at Stepney. He married Katherine Dedman, the daughter of Henry Dedman, who was granted 350 acres of land in Rappahannock River on June 27, 1650. On November 18, 1653, he was granted 400 acres in Lancaster County ‘bounded with the land of Mr. James Bagnall and with another tract now in the possession of the said Dedman; 150 acres by right of a patent granted him for 350 acres June 27, 1650, which is relinquished to make this good, and 250 acres for the transportation of 5 persons’. After his death, his widow married the Rev. Charles Grymes. Francis Taliaferro was born in 1654, in Virginia, the eldest son of Robert Taliaferro and Katherine Dedman. He married Elizabeth Catlett, in 1685, the daughter of Col. John Catlett and his wife, Elizabeth Uderwood. A Grymes family are recorded in the registers of St. Olave’s: Edward Grymes was baptised on June 7, 1622, son of christopher Grymes.

xx. Francis Slaughter. 'Sick in body. To my mother-in-law, Mrs. Margaret Upton, 10 shillings to buy her a pair of gloves. My brother-in-law, Coll. Moore Fauntleroy, my book entitled Hooker's Ecclesiastical Policy. To Andrew, my overseer, as much broadcloth as will make him a suit. To my dear wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Slaughter, all the rest of my estate, and appoint her executrix, reserving and excepting my rapier and belt and a young mare that runs either about Lyons or Lower Chipoaxe creek * * river'.

xxi. The Newsam family were established at St. Olave's. The Will of 'Francis Newsam, Haberdasher of Saint Olave Southwark', was proved on August 22, 1625 (TNA, Prob. 11/146/319).

xxii. Anne Newsam was named in the Will of her father, Robert Leaning, proved January 21, 1621. It names children of Ann Leaning and Francis Newsam as 'Sara Newsam and Anne Newsam. Overseers: Thomas Leaninge, merchant, his cousin; George Garrard, grocer; Francis Newsam his son-in-law. Witnesses: Peter Newsam, servant to Edward Jackson, scrivener, and Henry Cawdry' (TNA, Prob.11/139, ff.11v-12r).

xxiii. The said Peter Newsam, s.l. 1638, witnessed the Will of Richard Hinde, which was proved on December 12, 1625: 'Hynde, Richard, of St Saviour, citizen and salter of London'. His Will names Ann, his wife, 'John Hynde,* Richard Hynde, and William Hynde, his underage sons. Executor: Ann his wife. Witnesses: Nicholas Kinge; Peter Newsam, scrivener. Overseers: Stephen Streete of London, grocer; 'Ralph Yardly of London', who, as noted herein, was the father of Governor Yardley of Virginia (TNA, Prob.11/147, f). The Hinde family provided a link to the Bassanos of St. Olave's and St. Leonard's, and to the Salter Company, thus: 'Dorothie, dau. of Jo. Hinde of London', married Anthony Bassano II, as follows, whose second-cousin was Dorothy Bassano, who married, in 1662, as his second wife, Thomas Harris - ‘Thomas Harris, of S’ Leonard, East Cheap, Salter, Widr, ab’ 26, & Dorothy Bessana, of S’ Lawrence Jury, Spr, ab’ 19, her parents dead; consent of eldest brother John Bezana her guardian; at S’ Mary le Bow, London. 28 Feb 1662'. 

xxiii.  Nicolas Kinge was the 'cousin' of Richard Yearwood ; he married Margaret West in 1630, probably of the family who were neighbours of Ralph Yardley and Richard Yearwood. Nicholas King's daughter, by his first wife, married John Harvard's brother. (See xxxxii.).

xxiv. Southwark was associated with the families of Bassano and Lanier: 1. … 1.1. Antonio Bassano, 1511-1574, had a residence in Harte Street, St. Olaves, Southwark, m. Ellena Da Nazzi, 1515-1571. There is a present-day Bassano Street in Southwark. 1.1.1. Arthur Bassano.1.1.1. Anthony Bassano II. 1.1.1.1 Richard Bassano, witnessed Will of Clement Lanier’s mother-in-law. 1.2. Edward Bassano. 1.2.1. John Bassano, bapt. Nov. 6, 1608., obit. 1653, m. (1) (April 1, 1635) Anne Lloyd. PCC; Will proved Sept. 27, 1655. 1.2.1.1. Dorothy (Bassano) Harris, b. 1643, (named in Will of br. John), m. Thomas Harris. ‘Thomas Harris, of S’ Leonard, East Cheap, Salter, Widr, ab’ 26, & Dorothy Bessana, of S’ Lawrence Jury, Spr, ab’ 19, her parents dead; consent of eldest brother John Bezana her guardian; at S’ Mary le Bow, London. 28 Feb 1662. The Bassanos were also settled in St. Leoanard. 1.3. Lucretia Bassano, m. Nicolas Lanier, they lived in St Olave’s Parish, Hart Street, Southwark. 1.3.1. Clement Lanier: the Will of Anne Carter, w., of London (P.C.C., Prob. 11/201, q. 189, Mar. 31, 1647; pr. Sept. 27, 1647, by Clement Lanyer and his wife Hannah, dau. of the deceased) is witnessed by Richard Bassano; a codicil, of June 8, 1647, is Witnessed by Richard Bassano and Jno. Crewe. 1.3.1. John Lanier. 1.3.1.1. John Lanier, m. (2) Sarah … 1.3.1.1.1. Nicholas Lanier, m. Mary Sheppard (almost certainly of the St. Olave’s family). 1.3.1.1. John Lanier, m. (1) Katherine Sampson, in Charles City County, dau. of John Sampson. 1.3.1.1.1. Sampson Lanier Sr., b. 1682, Charles City, obit. May 5, 1743, Brunswick County, VA., m. Elizabeth Washington, dau. of Richard Washington and Elizabeth Jordan. 1.3.1.1.1.1. Sampson Lanier, obit. Sept. 2, 1757, Brunswick County, m. Elizabeth Chamberlain 1.1.1.1.1.1.1. Rebecca Lanier, b. Dec. 16, 1744, d. Jul. 1818 in Green County, Georgia, m. Walton Harris, great-grandson (it is claimed) of Thomas Harris, obit. 1688. These are anything but remote connections, as connections within kinship groups were renewed in each successive generation; Nicholas Lanier, marrying  Mary Sheppard (almost certainly of the Sheppard family into which William Harris Jr. married) is probably an example of this.

xxv. The Walton family of London (later Rappahannock) intermarried with the Woodwards of St. Olave’s, Southwark: 1. Christopher Woodward, bur. St. Olave, Southwark. On September 16, 1563, a Christopher Woodward, ‘Citizen and Vintner of London’ was one of the executors listed in the will (pr. December 13, 1563) of Henry Leke, ‘citizen and clothworker of London, of St. Olyve’s Southwerke’. He m. (2) Elizabeth Olbury, dau. of John Oldbury, of Shropshire. 1.1. Christopher Woodward, of Lambeth, m. (1) Catherine, dau of Thomas Audley of London; she m. (2) Robert Feltham, vintner, of St. Olave’s, Southwark. Elizabeth Feltham of St. Thomas the Apostle, Southwark, co. Surrey, widow, made a Will dated August 14, 1620, stipulating that she is to be ‘buried in churchyard of St. Olave, Southwark, in tomb where late husbands Christopher Woodward and Robt. Feltham lie’ … and naming ‘Nichs. King; son-in-law Henry Walton; Thos. and Wm. (und. 24), sons of son Christr. Woodward, his daus. Eliz., Cath., Susan, Mary and Anne Woodward (und. 21); Henry and John Kyng, Saml. Walton and Eliz., wife of Robt. Long (all und. 24), chn. of dau., Susan Walton’ (Proved November 27, 1620). (The following may be of some significance: ‘William Lea and Alice, his wife, to William Heath, 150 acres ... formerly Thomas Ffelton’s, deceased, and lyeing and being in Southwarke Parish in the County of Surry in Virginia commonly called Upper Chippoakes in the woodes joyneing upon the lands which was John Harryes and neere unto the plantation which was formerly Robert Morseleys (Moseley?) adjoining to a great swamp which divides Surry County from Charles Cittie County … one hundred and fifteen acres of said land lyeth in Charles Cittie County adjoining unto the rest of the divident which lyeth in said surry County … Witnesses: Robert Spencer, John Gittings’. Dated, October 4, 1660. Surry County Court Records, Recorded, 10 November 10, 1660.

xxvi. Christopher Woodward and Catherine Audley had issue: Thomas Woodward, whose Will was proved October 9, 1677, in IOW, naming wife Katherine; daughters Katherine, Elizabeth, Mary, Rachel, and Philarite; and sons Thomas and John; and stipulating: ‘if my Sonn John hath left any Children in England I do give them Two full pounds apiece’ (‘Wills and AdminS’, p. 17). His daughter, Anne Woodward, married Sir Henry Bromfield, sheriff of London, of the Southwark family connected to William Shakespeare. 1.1.1. Susan Woodward, m. (2) Henry Walton, of London. 1.1.1.1. ‘Samuel Walton, of St Mary’s Cray, in Kent, gentleman’, Will proved April 9, 1631: ‘to his cousin, Margaret Burrows, of Ashbourn, in the county of Derby, widow, and to his cousin, Matthew Andrews, of Mathfield, a gift of thirty shillings each; to Elizabeth Chatfield, of Bermondsey Street, in Southwark, wife of William Chatfield, twenty shillings; and he appointed his cousin, Henry Walton, of Whitechapel, citizen and haberdasher, his residuary legatee and sole executor. ‘Henry Walton, of Whitechapel, citizen and haberdasher’, was the father of Robert Walton of Rappahannock, as noted here: ‘By vertue of Letter of Attorney from Nicholas Andrews of London Gent bearing date 15 Oct 1663 … in consideration of 400 lbs. Of Tobacco … to John Payne, of County of Rappa. 560 A of land by the within mentioned formerly sold and conveied to the said Nicholas Andrews by the said John Payne … he the said John Payne paying and performing the Rents and services thereof due … this 8th day of October 1666. s/ Robert Walton. In presence of John Payne, Jr., Charles Mumford, Richard Payne, Abraham Comb, Thomas Parker’ (Deed Abstracts of Old Rappahannock Co., Virginia, part I, 1672-1676). The first recorded Walton marriage in St. Olave’s was between Richard Walton and Joyce Holland, on December 2, 1605.

xxvii. The Will of George Walton, of Brunswick County, probated January 26, 1767 (W.B. 3, 1751-1769, pp. 462-463) was presented in Court by John Walton, and Isaac Row Walton, his executors, and was proved by the oaths of William Ledbetter, and William Gwaltney. Legatees of George Walton, Gent were Wife, Elizabeth, and children: John Walton, Mary Ledbetter, Elizabeth Simms, 4. Catherine Harris, 5. Isaac Row Walton. William Gwaltney was a great-grandson of William Gwaltney and Alice Flake, thus, as given, a clear relationship is established to the various families of St. Olave’s, from whence many of this account originated.

xxviii. Richard Yearwood's Will mentions cousin Nicholas Kinge and wife Margaret. Nicholas Kinge m. Margaret West in 1630, probably of the family who were neighbours of Ralph Yardley and Richard Yearwood. Nicholas King's daughter, by his first wife, married John Harvard's brother.
 
xxix. Richard Yearwood, Edward Alleyn (the actor and founder of Dulwich College), Phillip Henslowe (theatre owner), George Payne, and John Treherne purchased "The Blewe House" together to leave in trust for a school in Southwark. As shown, John Treherne Sr. was the fatherin-law of both William Harris (d. 1600) and Edward Griffin; George Payne was the father of John ‘who is nowe beyonde the sea’.

xxx. Governor George Yearwood, son of Richard Yearwood, was the brother-in-law of Edward Payne, brother of John Payne of Virginia. John Payne of Southwark, ‘who is nowe beyonde the sea’ is seen in this deed as a co-sponsor, with Thomas Griffin and William Newsum, all of St. Olave's Southwark: 'William Nesum, Tho. Sax, Miles Battersby & John Payne, 800 acs. called the Island Neck, lieing on N. side of Rappa. Riv. neare Curritomon Riv. mouth, Northumberland Co., 29 Jan. 1649. Same: 550 acs. in same county & same date. On N. side the Rappa. Riv., adj. to the Island Neck, running N. N. W. to Marsh Poynt Cr. Trans. of 11 pers: Richd. Pagget, Richd. Jones, Ja. Richardson, Wm. Horlson, Hugh Griffin, Tho. Griffin, Tho. Grimsditch (C&P, 2, p. 188).

xxxi. Given their connections to families involved in American colonisation, abstracts of the Wills of the brothers-in-law, John Payne, and the nephew of the first so named, George Payne, are given. Their relationships to the  families of Flowerdew, Yardley, and Underwood are obvious, and it was from this latter family that the business partner of William Harris, William Underwood, almostlt certainly came.

xxxii. 'John Payne, of St Saviour, citizen and dyer of London. Testator is sick in body. Asks to be buried in St Saviour church.  A bequest to the poor of St Saviour parish. Proved August 29, 1608. Family members named: John Paine, fishmonger, his late brother, deceased [see his will below]. Anne Taylor his sister, wife of John Taylor, and their six unnamed children. Thomas Taylor his brother. Francis Simpson his cousin, and Judith his wife. William Flowerdew his brother. Elizabeth, Anne, Margaret, Richard, John, and Thomas Flowerdew. Marie Dashe, one of William Flowerdew's daughters. His sister Paine, late wife of Stephen Paine deceased. Margaret Bromfield his cousin, and her children John Bromfield and Anne Bromfield. Anne Paine, Mary Paine, and Joan Paine, his cousins. Edward Bromfield his cousin.  Master Richard Walthall his cousin. Executor: Edward Bromfield, his cousin'.

xxxiii. John Payne, of St Saviour, citizen and fishmonger of London. Asks to be buried in St Saviour church, near his late wife Anne. Bequests to the poor of St Saviour parish; to St Thomas Hospital in Southwark; to the Company of Fishmongers. Proved July 29, 1608. Family members named: Margaret Bromfield his daughter, and her children John Bromfield and Anne Bromfield. Thomas Bromfield his brother. Grace Bromfield his sister; Isabel Flower, his wife's poor kinswoman. Richard Walthall his cousin, the son of his sister Dutton. John Payne his brother (see his Will above), provided that he not be contentious about the house in Thames Street (above). Anne Taylor his sister.  Mrs Overman and Mrs Paginton, the daughters of Thomas Bromfield. Edward Bromfield his son, to have his ‘Librarie of bookes’. Margaret Payne, Anne Payne, Mary Payne, and Joan Payne, his four daughters. Others named: Elizabeth Flowerdew his maidservant. Daniel Newman his servant. The heirs of William Pinchback, sometime an alebrewer at the sign of the White Hind in Coleman Street. Thomas Offlie, son of Hugh Offlie, deceased, former alderman of London.  Christopher Noddle, Hugh Offlie's former cashier, now dwelling near Fishmongers Hall in Thames Street. The children of William Benn, ‘sometymes a Cheapeman of Havant’. (See para. vi. and addenda). Executor: Edward Bromfield his son. Overseers: Richard Walthall, citizen and mercer, and Thomas Overman, leatherseller. Witnesses:  Melch. Francis; Richard Walthall; John Payne; Margaret Bromfield, Anne Payne. (TNA, Prob.11/112, ff.95r-96r).
 
xxxiv. George Payne, of St Saviour, citizen and grocer of London. Asks to be buried in St Saviour parish ‘neare where my Children do lye’. A bequest to the poor of St Saviour parish ‘where I nowe dwell’. Has a house and lands in Brasted, Kent.  Has a house in Gracechurch Street, London, occupied by Owen Kynastone. Has two houses in St Saviour, one occupied by Mr Humfrey, the other occupied by John Burbage. Proved August 17, 1625. Family members named:  Margaret his wife ... George Paine and Edward Payne his sons, and another son John ‘who is nowe beyonde the sea’.  William King of Brenchley, Kent, clothier. Others named: Katherine Underwood, daughter of Henry Underwood. George Kynastone his godson.  George Payne his grandson, son of George Payne his son, and the testator's godson.  Executor:  Margaret his wife; should she be unable, then Edward his son. Overseers: Francis Killingbecke of Twineham, Sussex, clerk, his brother; and Richard Yearwood, citizen and grocer of London. Witnesses: Henry Underwood (TNA, Prob.11/146, ff.193r-194v), to whom William Underwood was undoubtedly related.
 
xxxv. John Payne bought land from Francis Hobbs: 'John Payne, 653 acs. on N. side of Rappa. Riv., beg. at miles end of his land purchased of Fra. Hobbs. 2 June I657. Trans. of 13 pers'. (ibid., 4, p.362). John Payne was a neighbour of Edward Harris: 'John Paine, 88 acs. Lancaster Co., 20 Feb. 1662. N. side of Rappa. Riv., abutting N. & by W. upon land of Edward Harris, dec'd., S. by E. upon a Cr. dividing this from land of Richard Coleman. Granted to Rice Jones 2 Sept. 1652, sold to Howell Powell & George Harris, who assigned to Charles Snead & by him assigned to sd. Paine' (ibid., 5, p. 487). *On 20 Feb. 1638, Nicholas George, with John Grymsditch, received a 300 acre patent of land in Isle of Wight C., on Pagan Creek; 200 acres to Nicholas by assignment from William Clapham to whom it was due for transportation of 4 persons. & 100 acres due sd. Grymsditch for the per. adv. of himself & wife (B. 1, p. 633). John Grymsditch was a transportee of William Newsum, January 29, 1649 (Virginia Patents B. 2, p. 188). It can be noted that 'Newsam' was variously written, one version being Newcome (see Sussex N&Q, vol. 11/12, p. 203), and it may be of considerable import that a Robert Harris married 'Margaret Newcom' on February 2, 1643, in St. Olave's. Nicholas George was the father-in-law of Thomas Harris, who died in 1672. A dau of Francis Hobbs married John Harris, son of the said Thomas Harris.
 
xxxvi. To repeat: The will of Ralph Yardly, father of Governor George Yardly, mentions his sister Ann Palmer, calls Richard Yearwood and Nicholas Kinge her cousins.

xxxvii. The will of Richard Yearwood, d. 1632, John Harvards' step-father, shows that his daughter, Hannah, married Edward Payne of Southwark.

xxxviii. See xxxxvi. John Sadler, brother-in-law of John Harvard, was the brother-in-law of Richard Quiney, whose brother was married to William Shakespeares daughter, Judith. On November 16, 1635, William Barker, John Sadler, Richard Quiney, merchants, and their associates, patented 1250 acres in Charles City County, Virginia.

xxxix. 1.1.1.1.2. Robert Harris, married 'Margaret Newcom' on February 2, 1643, in St. Olave's. (Newsam).
1.1.1.1.2.1. Robert Harris (bapt. March 3, 1645).
1.1.1.1.2.1.1. Robert Harris.
1.1.1.1.2.1.2. John Harris, married Avis Holman. He and his brother received from Robert Harris (September 28, 1730) 150 acres of land on the south side of the main Blackwater Swamp and on Barbeque Swamp in Isle of Wight County, adjoining the lands of Arthur and Joseph Williamson, sons of Francis Williamson Sr. (See W.B. 4. PP. 476-477, 1743), son of Robert Williamson: On March 24. 1665, Robert Williamson and Francis Ayers witnessed an agreement between James Sampson and Francis Baker. On June 6, 1666, Dr. Williamson patented 3,350 acres on the great swamp of Black Water River, adjoining Seward's Branch, being 295 acres granted on Aprl 26, 1661, and 3,055 for the transfer of Joane Williamson and sixty-one other colonists. His Will was proved 'by the oathes of Mr. John Hardy & Mr. William Sherwood this Second Day of May 1670'. 'Doctr Robert Williamson, June 6, 1666, 3850 acres On the great swamp of the Blackwater, &c., by Seaward's branch. John Hardie, June 5, 1666, 1150 acres, Beg'g, &c., of Mathew Tomlin's old land and rung, &c., to Wm. Westwrayer's land' (William and Mary College Qrtly, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 297-315). Francis Williamson, in 1705, with John Fulgham and Edward Boykin, appraised the estate of John Turner. (W. B. 4, pp. 476-477). The Queen's Head Inn, Southwark. The Queen's Head is on the site of a house called the Crowned or Cross Keys, which belonged to the Poynings family. In 1529 it was used as an armoury or store place for the King's harness. In 1558 it still retained its old sign, for Richard Westray, ale brewer, bequeaths to his wife Joane his messuage on this site, 'Coss Keyes with the brewhouse garden and stable ... as it is now newly builded by his son Thomas. In 1634 the house had become the Queen's Head, and the owner was John Harvard, of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, who afterwards migrated to America and gave his name to Harvard University, Massachusetts. About this time it was frequented by carriers, as we learn from John Taylor, " the water-poet." The Queen's Head seems to have escaped the fire of 1676, perhaps owing to the fact that, by way of precaution, a tenement was blown up at the gateway. The main building was pulled down towards the end of 1895. It was then found to be of half timbered construction, dating possibly from the time of Richard Westray. A carved oak mantelpiece in a room on the first floor appeared to be of the early seventeenth century.

xxxx. 1.1.1.1.3. John Harris. The heretofore mentioned Christopher Holman had a son and namesake, the father of John Holman, who is mentioned in this sale: 'John Proctor of isle of Wight to Roger Delk of Surry County sold 140-acres on the south side of the main Blackwater Swamp being land taken up by said Proctor on February 12, 1742, adjoining John Holman, Thomas Holman, Benjamin Pittman, Joseph Griffin and Robert Mercer. Signed John Proctor. Witnesses: Laurence Lancaster, Solomon Delk and Joseph Griffin. Recorded January 28th, 1744. (D.B. 7, p. 13). Laurence Lancaster was the son of Samuel Lancaster, who married Elizabeth Harris, daughter of John Harris and his wife, Unity; John Harris being mentioned in Surry Co. Court Records on August 26, 1686: 'Jury finds that John Harris, late school master is dead'. John Harris: Estate by Unity Harris, widow and administratrix of John Harris. May 3, 1687. Signed Wm. Newsums, John Clarke, Wm Newitt' (D.B.3, p. 82).

xxxi. 1.1.1.2. Edward Harris of St. Olave's is mentioned in the Will of Francis Grove, of St. Saviour, Southwark, proved September 4, 1645, requesting him to be buried near the body of his unnamed daughter. He bequests to the poor of St Saviour parish ... Others named: The unnamed children of Richard and Anne Gibbins. Raph Gibbins ... Overseers:  George Moore esquire; George Hunt; John Brewer; Edward Harris (TNA, Prob.11/194, f.17r).'John Paine, 88 acs. Lancaster Co., 20 Feb. 1662. N. side of Rappa. Riv., abutting N. & by W. upon land of Edward Harris'.

 xxxii. 1.1.1.2.1. Edward Harris, d. 1677. The Will of Mary Adkins, proved September 25, 1721, daughter of John Gibbins, of Isle of Wight Co., and widow of James Adkins, obit. 1723, names a Thomas Harris as a son of Edward Harris, who is also the father of a Henry Harris. This Edward Harris was the son of Edward Harris, obit. 1677, and Martha Hardy. Mary Adkin's Will also names Mathew Harris and Robert Harris, and William Kinchen, her second husband, br. of Mathew Kinchen, who married Elizabeth Ruffin, daughter of Robert Ruffin Jr. and Elizabeth Watkins.

xxxiii. 1.1.1.3. William Harris, who, at St. Olave, Southwark, married (May 25, 1643) Elizabeth Arnell. Anthony Arnell was a transportee of Thomas Harris, d. 1672: March 2, 1658: 'Thomas Harris, 1000 acres, Isle of Wight Co. Upon a swamp running into the W. branch of Nansamond Riv., including 2 Indian fields.  Trans. of 20 persons: John Hardy, Alexander Vaughn, Ann Lees, William Todd, Eliz. Jones, Mary Wood, John Davis, John Griffin, Fran. Anderson, Jno. Pew, Ann Greene, Eliza. Nusome, Weltin (Walton) Harris, Anth. Arnold, Sam. Trobury, Alexander Cahill (Nugent, 'Cavaliers and Pioneers', vol. 1, p. 386).

xxxiv. 1.1.1.3.1. 'Wm Harris and wife, Hennerettah, of parish of Fredericksville, Louisa, deed to Martin Baker of Hanover, for good causes, thereunto moving, part of tract granted by patent March 24, 1725 unto William Harris, and by said William given said Wm. Harris, his son, in will recorded (prior to 1734) in Hanover Co. (Louisa Co., Va, B. 2, p. 298).

xxxv. 1.1.1.3.1.1. 'William Harris, Junr.: '1500 acres, New Land, Hanover Co., adj. Mrs. Arnold and George Woodroof’s lines; on Overton’s fork of Elk Creek (Nugent, C&P, Vol. III, p 303). April 11, 1732).

xxxvi. 1.1.1.3.1.1.1. 'John Harris, 400 acres New Land, Hanover County; adj. Ambrose Joshua Smith, Capt. Thomas Carr and Ann Arnold; on low side of Great Rockey Creek (ibid. p. 414). John Harris of Cedar Creek, who died before 1745, established the Quaker Meeting with John Stanley in 1721, it being assumed that he married Mary Stanley, John Stanley's daughter. It has been noted that the Harris of St. 0lave's had intermarried with a family of Stanley ... William Harris, the grantee of 1725, was 'William Harris, Gent., 76 acs. (NL), Hanover Co; beg. at James Glen's corner; to N. side the Little River; on the Newmarket line; 24 Mar. 1725, 10 Shill.' (ibid. p. 389).

xxxvii. He was also recorded thus: 'Capt. William Harris, Gent., 266 acs. (NL), Hanover Co; beg. at Thomason's line on S. side the Little River, at mouth of Byars' Branch; on New Market lines; 24 Mar. 1725, 30 Shill.' (ibid., p. 420). Hanover Court Records, 1733-1735, p. 9, record: 'At a Court held for Hanover Co. 2 Nov. 1733. on petition of James Overton it is ordered that John Kimbro Sen., George Berry, John Henson and John Harris or any three of them being first Sworn do value the buildings, works and Improvements with Regard to expenses on 400 acres of land belonging to the petitioner on branches of the south fork of the Little River in this Co. and that they make Report to the next Court'. The first Arnold of this family recorded in Virginia was Robert: 'Robt. Arnold transported 1637, headright claimed by William Spencer, county not named' (C&P, vol. 1, p. 81). These Arnolds were associated with Matthew Tomlin - and he with the Thomas Harris who died in 1688 -  'Jane Arnold transported 1686, headright claimed by Mathew Tomlin, Isle of Wight County' (C&P, vol. II, p. 299).

xxxviii. James Overton is recorded thus: 'James Overton, 400 acs. (new lease), Hanover Co.; on N. side the S. fork of Elk Cr.; on John Raglin's line; 20 Feb 1723, 40 shill' (Nugent, C&P, vol. 3, p. 259). A James Overton appears in the Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish: 'At a Vestry held at Mr Wm Harris's 9br ye 6th 1722 ... Mr. James Overton was this day Admitted a vestry man for this Parish, and had the usual Oaths Administer'd by Majr Nicho Meriwether one of his Majesty's Justices of the peace, & likewise signd the Test'. The convergence of Harris and Overton has led to the speculation that James Overton was the father of  William Overton, who married his first cousin, Jemima Harris, daughter of Temperance (Overton) Harris and her husband, William Harris, the 'Captain', 'Gent', aforementioned.

xxxix. 1.1.1.4. John Harris, whose son was recorded in the registers of St. Olave's, Southwark: 'William Harris, 6 June 1641, f. John Harris'. John Harris is likely to be he who was associated with Nicholas Spencer, of St. Olave's, Southwark, and his son, William Harris, is likely to be he who was associated with William Cockerham and Robert Barham.

 xxxx. 1.2. ... Harris.
1.2.1. Sergeant John Harris.
1.2.1.1. Thomas Harris, d. 1672 ... Thomas Harris of Surry sold to Christopher Benn all the land at Pagan Point, purchased from William Batte and Mrs. Margaret Upton. Thomas Harris m. (1) Eleanor George and had son, John Harris, obit. 1713, (2) Alice Newman and had several daus., and one son, Thomas Harris, obit 1712, who m. Judith Edwards.

xxxxi. The connection of London merchants to the upper Chippoakes region of Virginia, associated with Sergeant John Harris, derived from the the connections between Governor George Yardley and John Harvard, both of whom being of Southwark: The baptismal records for St Saviour's Church, Southwark, record that John Harvard, founder of Harvard University, was baptised on November 29, 1607, his parents being Robert Harvard, a butcher in Pepper Alley, and also warden of St Saviour's, and Katherine Rogers, who remarried twice - to John Elletson and Richard Yearwood, father of Governor George Yearwood of Virginia. John Harvard married a daughter of John Sadler, 'of St. Stephens, Wallbrook, London, Grocer', associate of William Barker, mariner (of the Barker family of Bristol), who married, as his third wife, the daughter of Sergeant John Harris.

xxxxii. The exact location of the lands settled by Sergeant Harris are indicated by a fine imposed on William Simmons after Bacon's Rebellion. His tract, owned in 1623 by Sergeant John Harris, extended across the Chippoakes into Charles City (later Prince George) County. John Rutherford had transferred part of the farm to William Heath in 1663. In 1681, he signed the guardian's bond of Thomas Cockeram, orphan of Captain William Cockeram, who had married Anne Spencer. In 1656, William Cockerham patented 1,250 acres in Surry, 1,100 of which Anne had inherited from her father, William Spencer. This land lay adjacent to a cleared field belonging to Nicholas Spencer.

xxxxiii. Robert Spencer was the eldest son of Nicholas, who, in 1660, gave his age as thirty years in a deposition. Robert Spencer is a link between the land formerly owned by Sergeant John Harris and the Thomas Harris who died in 1672: 'William Lea and Alice, his wife, to William Heath, 150 acres ... formerly Thomas Ffelton's, deceased, and lyeing and being in Southwarke Parish in the County of Surry in Virginia commonly called Upper Chippoakes in the woodes joyneing upon the lands which was John Harryes and neere unto the plantation which was formerly Robert Morseleys (Moseley) adjoining to a great swamp which divides Surry County from Charles Cittie County ... one hundred and fifteen acres of said land lyeth in Charles Cittie County adjoining unto the rest of the divident which lyeth in said Surry County ... Witnesses: Robert Spencer, John Gittings' (Surry County Court Records. Recorded, November 10, 1660). In May 1660, Thomas Harris, who died in 1672, appointed Thomas Culmore of Surry County as his attorney to receive of Robert Spencer all tobacco due him in that county. On November 5, 1666, the said Thomas Harris appointed his 'loving friend Robert Spencer' as his attorney in Surry County, to collect a debt owed by William Corker of that county.

xxxxiv. The relationship between families of Southwark, London, the business partners of William Barker, and the Harris family of Southwark., are quite distinct: The Will of Robert Harvard 'of St Saviour, butcher', proved October 6, 1625, states that he was ‘not well in body’, and requests burial in St Saviour church. He bequest to the poor of St Saviour parish. He names Katherine, his wife, John Harvard, Thomas Harvard, and Peter Harvard, his underage sons; Thomas Harvard his cousin, and Thomas's children, one of whom, Robert Harvard, is the testator's godson. Executor:  Katherine, his wife. Overseers: Richard Yearwood, citizen and grocer; Thomas Harvard his cousin. Witnesses:  Richard Sandon, scrivener; Richard Rayner (TNA, Prob.11/147, ff.173v-174r). 

 xxxxv. William Barker, bapt. on 7 May 1592 in St. Werburgh's, Bristol; merchant and mariner (his family interchangeably called Baker), who deposed his age to be 37 in 1629, and mate of the Hopewell, which sailed fom Virginia on New years Eve of that year for England, under Captain Richard Russell, in company with 'the Gift' OF London, under Captain Samuel Crampton and Master Edward Beale. (See Coldham, P.W., English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1609-1660, p. 23, 1984). He bought land in Flowerdew Hundred from Abraham Piersey's dau., Elizabeth. This property passed to his son, John, in 1655, who left the plantation to two of his sisters, Sarah and Elizabeth Limbrey. William Barker traded out of London with his partners, which included John Sadler and Richard Quiney, Merchants, with who he patented land in Charles City County, as aforementioned. He was also a partner of Francis Derrick: April 13, 1639: 'Bond of Francis Derrick (the younger), of Bristol, and William Barker, of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, to the King, in 1,000l. conditioned for the appearance of Derrick before the Council, to answer an accusation of piracy pretended to have been committed by him upon a Spanish ship in a voyage to Virginia, about 11th October 1636'. Francis Derrick was the son of his namesake - see Prob. 11/176/291, the Will of Francis Derrick, Merchant of Bristol, Gloucestershire. The link to John Barker/Baker (a pobable br. of William Barker/Baker, bapt. February 14, 1600, St. Werburgh's, Bristol) is established thus: 'Francis Derrick to Richard Johnson, bill of sale for 30 acres, October 14, 1638: 'Whereas John Baker and Dorothy his wife, daughter of the late deceased Sergeant John Harris, have by order of court at Henrico on the 27th day of August last surrendered to mee Captain Francis Derrick all the right and title which they and claime unto the devident of land belonging to the late deceased Georg Cawcott which was given to the said Dorothy by the last will and testament of the said Cawcott as by the surrender in the said court and by the pattent and will recorded at James Cittie, etc. For good and valuable causes and considerations. Wtnesses: Lawrence Hulett and John Owell' (Nugent, B. 1., part 2, p. 113). It might have simply been the case that the widow of Sergeant Harris remarried a neighbour, George Cawcot, his bequest going to his step-daughter. Francis Derrick was the father of 'Derick, Henry (d. 1677), late of the parish of St. Stephen's, Bristol. (V. M., XVI, 197, 198). On March I, 1661, Richard Taylor of Flowerdieu Hundred made a bond to Mrs. Frances Netherland of the same, widow, to protect her from any claims or inheritance to be had and made for Sarah, John and Elizabeth the children of said Frances by her first husband Mr. Willm. Barker, dec'd.; after this date Frances married Thomas Drew.

AD.
1. ... Harrys of Southwark.
1.1. 'William Harris Fishmonger, of Saint Saviour', probable br.-in-law of 'Jeffrey Williamson, of St Saviour, (Southwark) fishmonger'.
1.1.1. William Harris, the 'underage son' named in his father's Will of 1600, married Elizabeth Stanlie, on February 20, 1602, in St. Olave, Southwark.
1.1.1.1. William Harris Jr., as follows: 'Peter Pope, notary public, in Rotterdam, Holland. That John Shepeard of Rotterdam appoints 'his well beloved brother Wm Harris' to receive ac/s from Wm. Underwood or James Williamson, merchants, living in Virginia, particularly for all goods delivered the said Williamson in the absence of (William) Underwood ... late end of the year 1648'. Col. William Underwood, whose dau., Anne, m. Dr. James Williamson. William Underwood Sr. married Margaret ..., who m. (2) John Upton. William Harris Jr., married a sister of John Sheppard. (TNA,PROB 11/318/482, Will of John Shepheard, Grocer of Southwark, November 14, 1665). Nicholas Lanier, m.  Mary Sheppard (almost certainly of the Sheppard family into which William Harris Jr. married); their granddau. m. Walton Harris. 
1.1.1.1.1. Thomas Harris, d. 1688, m. Dorothy Bessana, of S’ Lawrence Jury, Spr, ab’ 19'. 'George Bryar & Rich. Lawrence, 3000 acs. Rappa. Co. on Ewd. side of Rappa. Cr., 16 Mar. 1663. Beg. on sd. Cr. side adj. land of Col. More Fantleroy & opposite to the now plantation of Col. Walker, extending along the Cr. side to land of Charles Grimes, dec'd., bounded by same, land of Mr. Jno. Hull & his own to white oak in his Cr. &c. Trans. of 60 pers: ... Thomas Harris, Ann Harris, Susan Harris ... Mathew Tomlin ... Andrew Joyner ...'.
1.1.1.1.2. Robert Harris, married 'Margaret Newcom' on February 2, 1643, in St. Olave's. (Newsam).
1.1.1.1.2.1. Robert Harris (bapt. March 3, 1645).
1.1.1.1.2.1.1. Robert Harris.
1.1.1.1.2.1.2. John Harris, married Avis Holman. He and his brother received from Robert Harris (September 28, 1730) 150 acres of land on the south side of the main Blackwater Swamp and on Barbeque Swamp in Isle of Wight County, adjoining the lands of Arthur and Joseph Williamson, sons of Francis Williamson Sr. (See W.B. 4. PP. 476-477, 1743).
1.1.1.1.3. John Harris. Christopher Holman had a son and namesake, the father of John Holman, who is mentioned in this sale: 'John Proctor of isle of Wight to Roger Delk of Surry County sold 140-acres on the south side of the main Blackwater Swamp being land taken up by said Proctor on February 12, 1742, adjoining John Holman, Thomas Holman, Benjamin Pittman, Joseph Griffin and Robert Mercer. Signed John Proctor. Witnesses: Laurence Lancaster, Solomon Delk and Joseph Griffin. Recorded January 28th, 1744. (D.B. 7, p. 13). Laurence Lancaster was the son of Samuel Lancaster, who married Elizabeth Harris, daughter of John Harris and his wife, Unity; John Harris being mentioned in Surry Co. Court Records on August 26, 1686: 'Jury finds that John Harris, late school master is dead'. John Harris: Estate by Unity Harris, widow and administratrix of John Harris. May 3, 1687. Signed Wm. Newsums, John Clarke, Wm Newitt' (D.B.3, p. 82).
1.1.1.2. Edward Harris of St. Olave's is mentioned in the Will of Francis Grove, of St. Saviour, Southwark, proved September 4, 1645, requesting him to be buried near the body of his unnamed daughter. He bequests to the poor of St Saviour parish ... Others named: The unnamed children of Richard and Anne Gibbins. Raph Gibbins.
1.1.1.2.1. Edward Harris, d. 1677. The Will of Mary Adkins, proved September 25, 1721, daughter of John Gibbins, of Isle of Wight Co., and widow of James Adkins, obit. 1723, names a Thomas Harris as a son of Edward Harris, who is also the father of a Henry Harris. This Edward Harris was the son of Edward Harris, obit. 1677, and Martha Hardy. Mary Adkin's Will also names Mathew Harris and Robert Harris, and William Kinchen, her second husband, br. of Mathew Kinchen, who married Elizabeth Ruffin, daughter of Robert Ruffin Jr. and Elizabeth Watkins.
1.1.1.3. William Harris, who, at St. Olave, Southwark, married (May 25, 1643) Elizabeth Arnell. Anthony Arnell was a transportee of Thomas Harris, d. 1672: March 2, 1658: 'Thomas Harris, 1000 acres, Isle of Wight Co. Upon a swamp running into the W. branch of Nansamond Riv., including 2 Indian fields.  Trans. of 20 persons: John Hardy, Alexander Vaughn, Ann Lees, William Todd, Eliz. Jones, Mary Wood, John Davis, John Griffin, Fran. Anderson, Jno. Pew, Ann Greene, Eliza. Nusome, Weltin (Walton) Harris, Anth. Arnold, Sam. Trobury, Alexander Cahill (Nugent, 'Cavaliers and Pioneers', vol. 1, p. 386).
1.1.1.3.1. 'Wm Harris and wife, Hennerettah, of parish of Fredericksville, Louisa, deed to Martin Baker of Hanover, for good causes, thereunto moving, part of tract granted by patent March 24, 1725 unto William Harris, and by said William given said Wm. Harris, his son, in will recorded (prior to 1734) in Hanover Co. (Louisa Co., Va, B. 2, p. 298).
 1.1.1.3.1.1. 'William Harris, Junr.: '1500 acres, New Land, Hanover Co., adj. Mrs. Arnold and George Woodroof’s lines; on Overton’s fork of Elk Creek (Nugent, C&P, Vol. III, p 303). April 11, 1732).
1.1.1.3.1.1.1. 'John Harris, 400 acres New Land, Hanover County; adj. Ambrose Joshua Smith, Capt. Thomas Carr and Ann Arnold; on low side of Great Rockey Creek (ibid. p. 414). John Harris of Cedar Creek, who died before 1745, established the Quaker Meeting with John Stanley in 1721, it being assumed that he married Mary Stanley, John Stanley's daughter. It has been noted that the Harris of St. 0lave's had intermarried with a family of Stanley ...William Harris, the grantee of 1725, was 'William Harris, Gent., 76 acs. (NL), Hanover Co; beg. at James Glen's corner; to N. side the Little River; on the Newmarket line; 24 Mar. 1725, 10 Shill.' (ibid. p. 389). James Overton is recorded thus: 'James Overton, 400 acs. (new lease), Hanover Co.; on N. side the S. fork of Elk Cr.; on John Raglin's line; 20 Feb 1723, 40 shill' (Nugent, C&P, vol. 3, p. 259). A James Overton appears in the Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish: 'At a Vestry held at Mr Wm Harris's 9br ye 6th 1722 ... Mr. James Overton was this day Admitted a vestry man for this Parish, and had the usual Oaths Administer'd by Majr Nicho Meriwether one of his Majesty's Justices of the peace, & likewise signd the Test'. The convergence of Harris and Overton has led to the speculation that James Overton was the father of  William Overton, who married his first cousin, Jemima Harris, daughter of Temperance (Overton) Harris and her husband, William Harris, the 'Captain', 'Gent', aforementioned.
1.2. ... Harris.
1.2.1. Sergeant John Harris.
1.2.1.1. Thomas Harris, d. 1672, m. (1) Eleanor George and had son, John Harris, obit. 1713, (2) Alice Newman and had several daus., and one son, Thomas Harris, obit 1712, who m. Judith Edwards. Thomas Harris sold to Christopher Benn all the land at Pagan Point, purchased from William Batte and Mrs. Margaret Upton. The association of William Harris Jr. to Margaret Upton would have been the connection to Thomas Harris, his likely second cousin. Robert Spencer is a link between the land formerly owned by Sergeant John Harris and the Thomas Harris who died in 1672: 'William Lea and Alice, his wife, to William Heath, 150 acres ... formerly Thomas Ffelton's, deceased, and lyeing and being in Southwarke Parish in the County of Surry in Virginia commonly called Upper Chippoakes in the woodes joyneing upon the lands which was John Harryes and neere unto the plantation which was formerly Robert Morseleys (Moseley) adjoining to a great swamp which divides Surry County from Charles Cittie County ... one hundred and fifteen acres of said land lyeth in Charles Cittie County adjoining unto the rest of the divident which lyeth in said Surry County ... Witnesses: Robert Spencer, John Gittings' (Surry County Court Records. Recorded, November 10, 1660). In May 1660, Thomas Harris, who died in 1672, appointed Thomas Culmore of Surry County as his attorney to receive of Robert Spencer all tobacco due him in that county. On November 5, 1666, the said Thomas Harris appointed his 'loving friend Robert Spencer' as his attorney in Surry County, to collect a debt owed by William Corker of that county.

Little may be gleaned of the origins of these Harris. The Griffin family in Virginia were certainly connected to the Harris family of Hayne, and Southwark had some connection to their cousins, the Harris of Crixe, who had connections to William Rutter of Southwark, and he to a family of Payne: ‘Rutter’s election to the Parliament of 1529 may have been the work of the King’s brother-in-law, the Duke of Suffolk, who had a house in Southwark. Although he was not a stranger to the Sussex borough that returned him, as he owned a house in East Grinstead and his brother Thomas lived there, such personal links would hardly have sufficed to procure his election in a borough belonging to the duchy of Lancaster: he may have been helped by George Payne, an influential local gentleman and servant to Sir John Gage, one of the knights for Sussex in 1529, who was apparently to be charged with Rutter’s wages ...  Rutter made his will on 22 Oct. 1540 … he made provision for his wife, two married daughters, sons-in-law, kinsmen and servants. His brother Thomas was to receive 20s. a horse and several small sums owing to Rutter, who added ‘Also I will that the executors of George Payne [who had died in 1538] do pay to my brother Thomas Rutter 10s. for my wages when I was burgess’ ... which was proved on 8 Oct. 1541, seven days after Rutter’s burial at St. Saviour’s, Southwark' (The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982). William Harris of Southminster married, thirdly, Anne Rutter. William Rutter was born by 1488, and could have been the father of Anne. The connection of this Harris family to Southwark was ongoing: On January 21, 1614, Sir Arthur Harris married ‘Lady Ann Bowyer’ at St. Olave’s: January 18, 1614 – Bond. Sir Arthur Harris, knight, of Crixeth, Essex, widower, 30, and Dame Anne Bowyer, of St. Olave, Hart Street, 22, widow of Sir Henry Bowyer, knight, who deceased three-quarter year since – at St. Olave, Hart Street’.

1. Thomas Herry. Deed: Grant John Neele, junior, and William Brid, both of Springfield, to John Pese of Springfield, (he held Springfield Berners) son of John Pese of Sandon, and William Prentys, son of John Prentys of Danbury. Land 1 acre in Quenotecroft between land of John Pese of Sandon and land called Pollardis in the hands of John Mannyng alias Webbe, abutting on land called Maystris and on the lane from Chelmsford to Samfordemelle in Springfield. Witnesses: Thomas Brid, Edmund Pese, John Ardele, John Bisschop, Thomas Herry, all of Springfield. Given at Springfield Seals: (i) illegible; (ii) an 'I' between two sprigs surmounted by a ducal coronet. D/DAy T2/176. 12 June 1435.

1.1. William Herry. Feoffment Thomas Heigate of Sandon to John Pese, son of John Pese formerly of Sandon, deceased, and wife Agnes. Parcels of land called Deveneis, whereof one called Deveneisacre lies between land formerly of John Pese on east and land sometime called Belcroft and now le Comon` on west, abutting on the highway from Sandon church to Mepesalesbregge ... all in Sandon which he had among other lands and tenements jointly with John Borham of Sandon, Thomas Hill of Great Baddow, John Heigate of Sandon, William Brid of Springfield, William Harri of Springfield and John Smyth of Sandon, now all deceased, and with Simon Sawier', who released all his right to the feoffor, of the grant of John Pese and wife Agnes Witnesses: John Welles, gentleman, John Borham, Robert Havene, John Pulter`, Thomas DANYELL' Given at Sandon Seal: a Lombardic 'T' surmounted by a ducal coronet. D/DAy T2/206 12 March 1469/70.

1.1.1. John Harris. 'John Berdefield', 'Sheriffe of Essex', receiver of all castles, lordships, manors, etc. parcel of the duchy of Lancaster in the counties of Essex, Hertford, Middlesex, Surrey and London, had two sisters, (1) Margaret, m. Robert Gedge, (2) Thomasine m. Thomas Danyell. In the Inquisition on their infant nephew, Margaret and Thomasine were found to be his co-heirs (of land in Shenfields). The next owner of Shenfields was James Gedge, surveyor to Queen Mary, son and heir of Robert by Margaret Berdefeld. This John Harrys appears to be Thomas Danyell's brother-in-law, and almost certainly was John Harris of Prittlewell, whose grandson, by some accounts married James Gedge's daughter, who had first married Leonard Berners of the family who held Springfield Berners. John was succeeded by another John Bardfield who died in 1511-1514, leaving his father's two sisters, Margaret Gedge and Thomasine Daniell, his heirs. John Harris, ob. 1520. Essex. C. 7189: Will, dated 18 October, 1514, of Thomas Danyell of the parish of Sandon, in which he bequeathed to the church there, among other gifts, 3s. 4d. to buy a 'corperas casse,' to Joan, his wife, his house and land at Pulteres Ty, for her life, and after her death to Edward, his son (or to Thomas, another son, if Edward should die before his mother), paying 20s. each to Denys, his daughter, and to John Harrys; also to Joan, his wife, his house at Sandon End, for her life, and on her death to his daughters, Joan and Margery 'to scheyft betwyxt them,' but so that if they should both die before their mother, she should dispose thereof for the good of his and her souls, and that if she should die before his younger daughter reached the age of 16 years, this daughter's share should be held by John Harrys till her marriage. Bequest of the residue of his estate to his wife for his soul's health and appointment of her as executrix and John Harres as overseer. Witnesses:— Sir Richard Kyng, curate, John Harrys. English. Official seal. Endorsed with note of probate before Henry Hykman in decretis bacallario, official of the archdeacon of Essex. 14 November, 1514.

1.1.1.1. 'William Harris of Southminster, b. by 1502, prob. 1st s. of John Harris of Prittlewell Essex by w. Joan. educ. L. Inn, adm. 16 Feb. 1520. m. (1) by 1527, Joan, da. and h. of John Smith of Essex, 4s. inc. Vincent 4da.; (2) Joan Cooke of Bocking, Essex, 1s.; (3) by Oct. 1540, Agnes, da. of William Rutter of Southwark, Surr. 2s. 2da. suc. fa. 1520. William Harris’s father made his will in 1508; it shows him as a landowner in Hadleigh, Prittlewell and Rochford, Essex, and on Foulness island, although far less extensively than his son, who was to add to this inheritance from his legal practice, the profits of agriculture, the exploiting of salt marshes and fisheries, and perhaps good marriages' (Hist. Parl. Trust). By 2nd wife, great-grandfather of Sir Arthur Harris, who married ‘Lady Ann Bowyer’ at St. Olave’s, January 18, 1614.

1.1.2. William Harris of Bermondsey,* Surrey, and Sandon, Essex, who died in 1534 is identified in the Visitation of Essex for 1552 "Harris (No.2.) Arms - Quarterly 1 and 4. Argent, on a fess between three busts sable three martlets of the first. 2 and 3. Gules, a chevron between three cross crosslets or. Crest: A plover gules, holding in his beak a branch fructed or. *Part of the London Borough of Southwark. These arms are as likely to be as uninstructive as to male line pedigree as those of the Southminster Harris, which, as I have detailed elsewhere, were adopted from a family they intermarried with.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Folio 20, Hogen. In dei nomine amen The xxij (22nd) daie of August in the yere of our Lord God one thousand fyve hundred & xxxiij (1533) ... And in the yere of our soveraigne Lorde King Henry the viij [8th]  I William Harris of Bermondsey beinge hole of mynde and perfect memorie make and ordayne this my pute testament and last will in manner and forme followinge/ffirst I do bequeth my soule to almightie God, and to our Lady Sainte Mary and to all the bodye [illegible] And my bodye to be buried in the bodye of the churche or Monastrey of Saint Savioure of Bermondsey in the countye of Surrey ... Item I bequeth to Margaret my welbeloved first wif forty shillings by yere in lands and tent lyinge in Sandone in the countye of Essex all charges borne; And if it chance my said wif to marrye then I will that Robert Harryes myne oldest sonne have and enjoye the same landes and tenements five yeres then next followinge And also in reddy money tenne pondes sterlinge ... Item if it fortune as god forbide that my sonne Robert decease withoute issue male of his body lawfully begotten Then I will that the said lands and tenements shall remayne to Rowlande my sonne. Item I bequeth to my sonne Rowlande a covert Seale of Bermondsey conteyninge certen pasture and medowe; and ij tenements standinge in the large lane in the parish of Newington next to Saint George in the Countye of Surrey ...  Item I bequeth to my oldyst sonne Robert Harreys a covert Seale of Bermondsey whiche I dwell in the parish of Saint Marye Magdalen next to Bermondsey after the decease of Margaret my wife his naturall mother Item I bequeth to Margarett my wif ij tenements of freehold standinge at Leytonsford ... and an acre of land belonginge in the same tenements in the Countye of Essex ...  And to this my pute testament and last will I constitute and ordeigne my welbloved wife my sole executrix and John Mynes ...  and burner of London myne overseer ... And I bequeth to the said John Mynes for his payment and labour takeinge in the promisses my best gowne. These Witnesses John Davye and John Farwo. Probatum Decembris 1534 secundo Die (2nd December 1534). These churches being in Southwark.

1.1.2.1. Rowland Harris of Leyton, mar. Katherine Alline (Allen); Visitation of Essex, 1558. 'The Roland Harris who received a loan from Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, would not have been the son of William Harris of Southminster, that Roland was not mentioned in his father's will. The Roland who received the loan could have been the son of William Harris of Surrey. The Percy loan was listed in The Household Papers of Henry Percy, Ninth Earl of Northumberland' (1564-1632);  G.R. Batho (London, 1962).
1.1.3. ... Harris, of Southwark.
1.1.3.1. William Harris, d. 1600, of St Saviour, Southwark. 1.1.3.2.  ... Harris of Southwark. 1.1.3.2.1. Sergeant John Harris.






BENN

In the name of God Amen The Thirtyeth day of December Anno Domini one thousand six hundred ninety seaven and in the nineth yeare of the reigne of our Sovereigne Lord William the Third by the grace of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King Defender of the ffaith I Henry Lighterman of the Parish of St Saviour in Southwark in the County of Surrey gent being at this time in health of body and of sound and perfect mind and memory praise be given to Almighty God in regard to the uncertainty of this transitory life and the perills and dangers of the seas do thereofore make and declare this my last Will and Testament in manner following that is to say ffirst and cheifly I comend and comit my soule into the hands of Almighty God my Maker and Creator and of his son Jesus Christ my only Saviour and Redeemer through the alone meritts of whose most bitter death and passion I stedfastly hope to be saved And as touching and concerning that little estate which the Lord of his mercy hath beene pleased to bless me withall I doe give and dispose of the same as followeth that is to say Imprimis I doe give and bequeath unto my loveing brother Thomas Lighterman the Sume of Thirty pounds of lawfull money of England Item I doe give and bequeath unto my loveing brother James Lighterman the Sume of Thirty pounds of lawfull money of England Item I give and bequeath unto Mr Jonathan Gascoigne the sume of Ten pounds of lawfull money of England Item I give and bequeath unto Mrs Elizabeth Gascoigne wife of the said Jonathan Gascoigne the sume of ffive pounds of like lawfull money Item I give and bequeath unto Elizabeth Benn Daughter of Mr James Benn the Sume of Ten pounds of lawfull money of England Item I give and bequeath unto my loveing friend Edward Hall the Sume of Three pounds of lawfull money of England Item I give and bequeath unto my Mother in law Mrs Grace Lighterman  the sume of Twenty and two shillings of like lawfull money of England to buy her a Ring to weare in remembrance of me Item I give and bequeath unto my loveing friends Mr James Benn the elder and to Mr John Spearing and to Mary his Wife and to Mr Benjamin Harris and to Mr Benjamin Poole and to Margery Avery now servant to the said Mr James Benn the elder and unto each and every one of them the Sume of Twenty and Two shillings of lawfull money of England to buy them and each and every of them a Ring to weare in remembrance of me Item I give and bequeath unto my loveing friend James Benn the younger (who is now bound with me to the Island of Jamaica on board the good shipp the Ashurst (whereof Capt Thomas Harrison is now Comander) all my Goods Merchandizes weareing apparell and other things whatsoever which now are or hereafter shall be on board the aforesaid Shipp in case of my death or decease before my arrivall to the Island of Jamaica aforesaid The rest residue overplus and remainder of all and singular my goods chattells moneys and estate whatsoever and wheresoever not hereinbefore devised bequeathed appointed or disposed of I doe wholly give devise and bequeath unto the said Elizabeth Gascoigne And I doe hereby make and ordaine her the said Elizabeth Gascoigne to be full and sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament And lastly I doe hereby revoke countermand and make void all former and other Wills and Testaments whatsoever by me made or spoken and none of them to stand in force but this my present Will and Testamt containing two sheets of paper with this last sheet I have sett my hand and seale to each sheet and affixed my seale to the whole the day and yeare first above written  Henry Lyterman.
John Orchard
Tho: Mercer
Wm Moyle
Proved 20th March 1699/1700.
PCC. Prob. 11/454.

Will of James Benn:  Sons Arthur B., James, George, daus. Mary Lerv. (?), Jeane and Anne, wife Jane.  Dated 6 feb., 1696. Pr. 9 April, 1697. James Benn Jr. died in Southwark, London: Prob. 11/613/237. Will of James Benn, Merchant of Barnaby Street Southwark, Surrey. February 1, 1727. 

The Will of Michael Fulgham dated Feb 17, 1690 named legatees: son Anthony; son Michael the plantation on which William Baldwin Lives; wife Ann; daughter Sarah; daughter Martha; daughter Mary; daughter Ann; daughter Susanna; Daughter Ruth. Wife Executrix. Overseers: brothers Nicholas and John Fulgham. Witnessess: William Baldwin, James Benn, & Nicholas Fulgham. Recorded March 9, 1691.


CATLETT, GARRETT, OVERTON, THORNTON,WATERS

1. Thomas Thornton; see Will of Sir Ambrose Nicholas Kt. Citizen and Alderman (H1/13/1, 1578), touching the disposition of his twelve small tenements in Mugwell Street, St. Olave within Crepulgate (ten. inc. 'Richard Warren, Katheryne Studley, widow, Elizabeth Servys, widow, John Powell, Constaunce Foxe'), he bequeaths the property to the Salters' Company. The houses are to be used as Almshouses for 'twelve poor men or women free of the City of London not being young persons or such as shall accustomably use to beg in the streets'. He bequeaths all his messuages easements, etc. in St. Alphage and St. Olace Crepulgate to the same (occ. by Clement Newce, Gent., the Bowyers Company, Richard Overton, Gent, - Harbart Gent, Thomas Staunton, Serjeant at Mace') ... Witnesses: Edward Boldero (his granddau. m. William Harris, partner of William Underwood in Virginia); Richard Young, Roger Clarke, Wyllyam Gybbyns (a family associated with Edward Harris), Thomas Halle, Rychard Pattersyn, Thomas Thornton.

1.1. John Thornton, m. (1614) Mary Ann Deddum, in St. Olave, Hart Street, London. (Robert Taliaferro, of Southwark, m. Katherine Dedman Grymes; their son, Francis Taliaferro, m. Elizabeth Catlett.

1.1.1. Joseph Thornton; see C 5/377/207: Thornton v King. Plaintiffs: Joseph Thornton and others. Defendants: Anne King,* widow. Subject: property in St Olave, Hart Street, London. 1655. *The King family of Southwark, as given, being closely associated with Yardley family of Southwark.

1.1.2.  William Thornton. 16 Jul 1675: William Thornton, Sr., filed a deed of gift to his four children: Francis, Rowland, William and Esther. Rappahannock Co., VA, Deed Book 6, p. 83. 5 Jun 1677: 'Richard Glover of parish of Farnham & county of Rappahannock for consideration of... paid by Wm. Thornton of the said parish and county, planter...do grant, bargain, sell, alien and enofee & confirm unto the aforesaid Wm Thornton ... one parcel of land lying and being on the south side of the Rappahannock River in a creek called or known by the name of Rafe's Creek ... containing 350 acres, being the land formerly of Thomas Pattisin ...' (Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 6, 86). 4 Nov 1679: 'I, William Thornton for the consideration of the acknowledgement ... of the dower my wife Elizabeth Thornton, now has or hereafter may have of and to one dividend of 600 acres of land sold to Mr. Waters* and his heirs, have given, granted, bargained, sole, aliened, feeoffeed and confirmed unto my said now wife one mare...". Witness Rees Evans (Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 6, p. 83).

*John Waters, son of Samuel and Anne waters, of St. Sepulchre, London, and brother of Elizabeth (Waters) Overton, settled in Rappahannock: 'Mr. Robert Yard & Mr. John Waters, 900 acres, on south side of Rappahannock River; on the point of an island; adjoining Mr. John Cox; in a marsh at mouth of Lawson's Creek; 25 Oct. 1688 , p. 693. Granted to Epaphraditus Lawson,* 22 May 1650, which became the estate of Robert Paine as marrying the daughter of said Lawson; which land was deserted, & now granted by orde r &c.Transportation of 18 persons: Tho. Adams, James Robins, Judeth Morgan, James Bissett , Richd. Jones, Jane Richardson, Sarah Jones, Wm. Young, Jno. Ellis, Jno. Peugh, Richd. Jones , James Rookins, Abraham Bates, Sarah Huberd, Jno. Shrowsberry, Jno. Relfe, Jane Brooks, Ratchell Jones (Cavaliers and Pioneers, 2, 1666-1695, p. 329). *Epaphroditus Lawson d. 1652. In the same year his widow Elizabeth, m (2) William Clapham, Jr., who d. in 1660; Elizabeth then m. (3) Alexander Fleming, who, after her death, m. Joyce, who  m. (2) Lawrence Washington, brother of Colonel John Washington.

John Payne of Southwark, ‘who is nowe beyonde the sea’ is seen in this deed as a co-sponsor, with Thomas Griffin (a cousin of the Harris family of Southwark) and William Newsum, of St. Olave’s Southwark: ‘William Nesum, Tho. Sax, Miles Battersby & John Payne, 800 acs. called the Island Neck, lieing on N. side of Rappa. Riv. neare Curritomon Riv. mouth, Northumberland Co., 29 Jan. 1649 ...  On N. side the Rappa. Riv., adj. to the Island Neck, running N. N. W. to Marsh Poynt Cr. Trans. of 11 pers: Richd. Pagget, Richd. Jones, Ja. Richardson, Wm. Horlson, Hugh Griffin, Tho. Griffin, Tho. Grimsditch,* Edward Wright, John Gibbs, Richd. Ownes, Robert Poole’ (C&P, 2, p. 188). John Payne bought land from Francis Hobbs**: ‘John Payne, 653 acs. on N. side of Rappa. Riv., beg. at miles end of his land purchased of Fra. Hobbs. 2 June I657. Trans. of 13 pers’. (ibid., 4, p.362). On 20 Feb. 1638, Nicholas George, with John Grymsditch, received a 300 acre patent of land in Isle of Wight C., on Pagan Creek; 200 acres to Nicholas by assignment from William Clapham* to whom it was due for transportation of 4 persons. & 100 acres due sd. Grymsditch for the per. adv. of himself & wife (B. 1, p. 633). Nicholas George was the father-in-law of Thomas Harris, obit. 1672. **A dau of Francis Hobbs married John Harris, son of the said Thomas Harris.

John Payne’s br., Robert Payne, married Elizabeth Lawson. Their son, Robert Payne and Katharine, his wife, sold to Leonard Chamberlane and Robert Coleman a tract of land, containing 900 acres, lying on the south side of Rappahannock River, which belonged to his grandfather Epaphroditus Lawson. Witnesses to this deed were John Wood, and Samuel Griffin. Recorded October 4, 1689. Katherine Payne appeared in the Essex Co. Court, and relinquished her right of Dower, on October 10, 1689.

1.1.2.1. Francis Thornton, m. (April 13, 1674) Alice Savage, dau. of Anthony Savage. 

1.1.2.1.1. Francis Thornton. 'I, Francis Thornton, give my wife Frances twelve negroes for her life, and one-fifth part of my cattle, horses, &c., and during her widowhood, the lower half of the plantation I live on, with the houses and half the orchard, making two hundred acres; also the use of all the household goods during her widowhood. To son Francis, the remaining part of the plantation where I live, with the reversion of that devised to his mother. To son George, all the land in King George I bought of Mr. Benjamin Berry, and two tracts of land in Orange county. To son William, all my lands in the great mountains of Orange county, about 2,600 acres. To son John, the land lying on the branch of the Naull and Massaponax Rivers, about seven hundred and fifty acres, and two lots in Fredericksburg.  To daughter Mildred Thornton, L500, and one negro girl. To daughter Mary Thornton L500, and one negro girl.  My executors are to buy young men and women negro slaves with the cash left in the house for the use of my four sons, and also to give them stocks of all kinds.  Wife to divide household goods, &c., among all my children. Appoint wife Frances Thornton, father Francis Thornton, brother John Thornton, and son Francis Thornton, executors. Francis Thornton also held land in Chowan - Fra. Thornton, 9 September 1714, 600 acres in Chowan precinct, joining John Burket, ye widow Erby, ye head and side of Bear Swamp, ye Branch, William Copeland, and Sandy Run. Witnesses:  Cha. Eden, Thos. Boyd, N. Chevin, Wm. Reed, C. Gale, Fra. Foster - and it is not improbable that he was a cousin of John Thornton. IOW Dec. 10, 1723: William Thornton of the Lower Parish (and Elizabeth his wife) to Thomas Hampton a parcel of land, part of 390 acres granted to John Thornton, April 20, 1682, being 328 acres now deeded; test. John Powell. Same Jan. 21, 1724, Richard Glin and William Thornton - of a family intermarried with the Glynns; of which family Mourning Glenn (Glynn), wife of Robert Harris, may have derived.

1.1.2.1.1.1. Mildred, m. Charles Washington, br. of the President.

1.1.2.1.1.2. Elizabeth, m. John Taliaferro, Jr., of "Dissington", King George Co.

1.1.2.1.2. Sarah Thornton, m. (31 Aug 1706) Lawrence Taliaferro, son of Robert Taliaferro, of Southwark, London. There is a power of attorney, dated in 1735, from Thos. Griffin, of Ledenhall street, London, merchant (of the Griffin family of Southwark, London, cousins of the Harris family, to Francis Thornton, Sr., of Caroline, merchant, and Francis Thornton, the younger of Spotsylvania, merchant. On December 15, 1739, Mrs. Mildred Willis, formerly the wife of Roger Gregory, made a deed to her three daughters, one of whom was 'Frances, wife of Francis Thornton, Jr.'. 

1.1.2.1.3. Margaret Thornton, m. William Strother, son of William and Dorothy Strother, d.1726. He was High Sheriff of King George County, Virginia and a vestryman of Handover Parish and was called "Captain Strother". William, son of William Strother and Margaret Thornton, was burgess for King George county in the assembly of 1727-1734. He had issue: 1. Elizabeth, m. John Frogg. 2. Alice, m. Henry Tyler, clerk of Stafford county. 3. Anne, m. Francis Tyler, brother of Henry. 4. Agatha, m. John Madison, clerk of Augusta county. 5. Jane, m. Thomas Lewis, of Augusta county. 6. Margaret, m. Gabriel Jones, a prominent lawyer.

1.1.2.1.4. Martha Thornton, m. Thomas Catlett, a son of Col. John Catlett, Jr. and Elizabeth Gaines; he had married, firstly, Elizabeth Taliaferro, dau. of Lt. Col. John "The Ranger" Taliaferro, and Sarah Smith. As given herein, there is a strong connection between these families and the Harris family of Southwark, London.

'John Overton, of S' Sepulchre's, Lond., Stationer, Widr, ab' 35, & Sara Garrett, of S' Olave's, Southwark, Spr, ab' 28, alleged by John Garrett, of St Olave's afs, Printer'. 1676. He was a likely close relative of William Overton, who m. Elizabeth Waters, dau. of Samuel and Anne Waters, of St. Sepulchre, London, and sister of John Waters, who bought land fron William Thornton. These Overtons were probably descendants of Richard Overton, Gent, aforesaid, mentioned in the Will of Sir Nicholas Ambrose, as given, as was Thomas Thornton.

The Garretts intermarried with the Catletts in Virginia. Agness Elrod's notebook: 'Edward Garrett m. Elizabeth Catlett; their son, Edward Garrett II, married Ann West Owsley. 'The compiler has made no attempt to trace the Catlett line but by 1790 one of the Catletts (John Catlett) had settled in Cheraw Dist., S.C. In the early days of Anderson Co SC one of the well known merchants was Pinckney Catlett. Elizabeth (Catlett) Garrett was probably the daughter of Thomas Catlett of Caroline Co., Va. We find him as a witness to a deed in 1730 of John Garretts grandfather Richard Buchner. Thomas Catlett died in Caroline Co Va in 1739. Two other early Catlett estates there were John Catlett d 1742 & another Thomas Catlett, d 1744. Edward Garrett I then Sr., died in 1751 between Feb. 1, 1751, and Dec. 20, 1751, when his estate was filed. He left a large family, several sons were under age. By 1757 the son Edward was 24 yrs of age & old enough to administer on the estate. Young Edwards mother Elizabeth (Catlett) Garrett (the widow of Edward Garrett I) married 2nd in Fairfax Co Va before 1755 to Richard Nelson & became the sister-in-law of of Gov. Wm. Nelson of Va. The administration papers of the estate of Edward Garrett I (called then Sr.) show the inventory was taken by Thomas Triplett, John Adams & Edward House. When the estate of Edward Garrett I was about settled in 1757 Edward II  decided to make a home of his own so he courted and married on Feb. 6 1759 Anna West Owsley called Ann the daughter of Thomas Owsley & his wife Ann West, Ann being the daughter of John West of Virginia'.

 

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