The connection of Captain Thomas Harris to Elizabeth Boardman, a peripheral member of his kinship group, examplifies the complexity of relationships through which people were linked. It is likely that such complexity was repeated in Virginia, for, as in the case of Elizabeth Boardman’s relationship to Captain Thomas Harris being the result of an intermarriage between two branches of the Pigott family of Buckinghamshire, the relationship between Mary (Harris) Ligon and Major William Harris strongly suggests that their families were also intermarried.

Although it is idle to speculate whom Major William Harris may have married, so providing a ‘cousinship’ relationship to the family of Mary Harris and Thomas Ligon, a worthwile candidate is suggested as being a sister of Joseph Tanner, with him being, also specutatively, of the Tanner family of Bishops Castle, Shropshire, intermarried with the Oakelys, as elucidated by Mr. Betham: ‘Rowland Oakely, of Oakeley, in Salop, married Mary, daughter of William Crowther, of Betson, in the said county, about the year 1589, by whom he had four sons and three daughters (including) Judith, wife of John Tanner, of Bishop’s Castle; Mary, wife of Rowland Oakeley; Samuel, a merchant in London; John, of the city of Westminster, and of Fawley Court, Bucks; Richard … a member for Bishop’s Castle in 1623, (who) married first, Mary, sister of John Combes, of Gray’s Inn, Middlesex’  (1).

The orphans of Joseph Tanner (Mary, Joseph, Edward, and Martha Tanner) received on October 30, 1673, a patent for 650 acres, 2 rods and 8 poles on south side James River, Henrico County beginning at the middle spring bottome at the river side near Mr. Baugh’s line, nighe blind slash, along the river to mouth of Hell Garden bottome at the landing; 450 acre part thereof formerly granted Joseph Tanner, deed., by patent 24 March 1662 and by said Tanner given to his children above said. Mary Tanner was the wife of William Ligon, son of Thomas Ligon and Mary (Harris) Ligon, and brother of Richard Ligon, named as ‘cousin’ in the Will of Thomas Harris, son of Major William Harris.

As will be shown, on April 16, 1683 ‘Mr. Joseph Tanner Jr. and Mr. Richard Womack had patent for 206 acres, 1 rood, 20 poles, n. side Appomattox River, Bristol Parish, Henrico Co., adjoining Maj. William Harris, Holy Ground Slash, Ashen Swamp, Holy Ground Run, great branch of Ashen Swamp … Richd. Womack’s line’.

Given the affinity of the Baugh and Harris kinship network described herein, and that Joseph Tanner Jr. married ,secondly, Sarah (Hatcher) Turpin, widow of Matthew Turpin, a plausible ‘continuation of association’ is suggested, as recorded in Henrico Co. Virginia Deeds, 1706-1737, p. 398: ‘Joseph and Priscilla Wilkinson land where said Joseph and Priscilla now lives in 3 tracts, first being 150 acres conveyed by Edward Harris, son of Maj. William Harris to Edward Skerm in 1696. 1/3 of which tract said Priscilla was invested in, the marriage of said Skerm. other 1/3 purchased of Matthew Turpin (son of Matthew, aforementioned) by said Wilinson. Third tract was purchased of Jameston Hatcher …  land joining upon the Ware. Signed Joseph Wilkinson, Priscilla Wilkinson’.

As will be shown hereinafter, Major William Harris had strong connections to Shropshire families, such as those of Cocke – Richard Cocke’s son, Thomas, is named as a friend by Major Harris in his Will; Rabon – John Rabon Jr., a cousin of Richard Cocke, was a neighbour of Major Harris at ‘Ware Run'; Baugh – William Baugh, of the Worcestershire branch of that family, was another neighbour at the same place; and Jones, whose relationships with families of Chambers, Chandler, Pigott, and Reeves, in Virginia and North Carolina, mirrored those appertaining in Shropshire.

These were relationships shared by a Harris family of Shropshire, of which was Thomas Harris, born in Ludlow, in 1603. His first-cousin, Mary Harris, was the second wife of Fleetwood Dormer, cousin of Henry Isham of Bermuda Hundred, father of Mary Isham, who married Colonel William Randolph, another ‘friend’ that Major Harris named in his Will. The said Fleetwood Dormer had previously married the second-cousin of Thomas Ligon, husband of Mary Harris, daughter of Captain Thomas Harris.

Fleetwood Dormer was in Virgnia by 1649 (see Lothrop Withington, Virginia Gleanings in England, p. 149, 1980). He likely stayed there untill recorded in England in 1677: Fleetwood Dormer’s inscription in the book he gave to Canterbury Cathedral Library indicates that he was a firmarius (‘farmer’, tenant or lessee) of Christ Church. The Cathedral Archives have records of 1677 (Fleetwood Dormer of the Inner Temple) and 1684 (Sir Fleetwood Dormer of the Middle Temple) signing contracts with the Dean and Chapter. He is probably the (Sir) Fleetwood Dormer recorded by Foster, Alumni Oxonienses, 1500–1714: ‘s. Fleetwood, of Lee Grange, Bucks, militis. Pembroke Coll., matric. 12 Dec., 1634, aged 18; B.A. 10 June, 1637, of Arle Court, co. Gloucester, baptized 21 May, 1616, entered the Middle Temple 1637, knighted at Whitehall 13 July, 1678, emigrated to Virginia, died at Cheltenham 27 Aug., 1696, aged 81′. As his father, he would have been well acquainted with the Pigotts of Doddershall, as this court case suggests: ‘John Beard v. Sir Fleetwood Dormer, knight: Two tenements in the parish of Quaynton, called “Bunces” and “Kennars,” the manors of Shipdon Lee, and Doddershal. Waste ground called “Lee Lawn,” &c. Meets and bounds. Common of pasture. Survey: Bucks.  1639′.

It was not that Mary (Harris) Dormer was the vanguard for future inter-familial connections, as she did not marry Fleetwood Dormer (whose mother was a dau. of Sir Eusby Isham), until 1673. A connection to the Isham family may have arose from sons of Sir Eusby Isham briefly holding the manor of Condover: On the 4th July, 3rd and 4th Philip and Mary, 1557, that King and Queen granted to Gregory Isham and John Isham, of London, mercers, the Manor of Condover and Burton, with certain tenements and lands there John Isham, the 4th son of Euseby Isham of Pytchley, who made a fortune as a London mercer, bought the manor of Lamport in 1560. About 1551, like his brother, Gregory, he became a citizen and freeman of the mercers, of whose company he was warden in 1567 and 1577, and a merchant adventurer of London. He must have prospered from the first, for he joined with his brother, Robert, the parson of Pytchley, in the purchase from Sir William Cecil of the manor and advowson of Lamport on Jan. 13, 1559, for £610, a purchase recorded in the remembrance book of Sir John Isham, his grandson. He built the greater part of the house of Lamport in the year 1568 and in 1581-82 he served as high sheriff of Northamptonshire, having settled at Lamport in 1572.

A branch of the Isham family intermarried with the Walcots of Shropshire: Charles Walcot (a burgess, then M.P. of Bishops Castle, Shropshire, sharing the former distinction with members of the Tanner family of that place), m. (1) Margaret, dau. of John Isham, son of Roger Isham of Isle Brewers. This John’s br., William, m. (1), settlement Oct. 1549, Margery, dau. of Walter Borlase, of Newlyn, Cornw. Roger Isham was of Shropshire, and settled in Somerset on his appointment as keeper of Isle Brewers park, owned by the Arundells of Lanherne. He was kin of Eusby Isham, as shown by his son intermarrying into the Borlase family – John and Gregory Isham, aforementioned, were the nephews of William and Dorothy Borlase, cousins of William Isham’s wife. A number of the children of John Isham, by his second wife, settled at Ludlow, such as Isham Walcot, and would have been familiar with the family of Harris living there.

Thus, Fleetwood Dormer, a person of considerable wealth and influence, may have been the common factor which linked the family of Captain Thomas Harris (familially connected to the Pigotts of Doddershall), with Thomas Ligon, second-cousin of his deceased wife, who was to marry the Captain’s daughter, with the Harris family of Ludlow and Cruckton, one of whom became, in 1673, his second wife. Another cousin of his deceased wife, in 1650, married into the More family of Linley and Larden, Shropshire. Richard Harris, uncle of Fleetwood Dormer’s second wife, Mary (Harris) Dormer, had been that families attorney. To repeat, Fleetwood Dormer’s cousin, Henry Isham, was the father-in-law of William Randolph (who appeared in Virginia immediately after Fleetwood Dormer’s second marriage), ‘friend’ of Major William Harris, whose other recorded ‘friend’, Thomas Cocke, was a kinsman of Mary (Harris) Dormer, who was most likely the second-cousin of Major William Harris, as suggested herein.

It was not that Fleetwood Dormer was a common link shared between strangers:
On exactly the same principle which shaped the family relations of Captain Thomas Harris (a cousin of my cousin is my kin), so were his family connected to that of Thomas Harris, born 1603, in Ludlow, through shared associations with the family of Dennys. What  immediately follows, in essence, is an account that shows Thomas Ligon, husband of Mary Harris, was the grandson of Frances Dennys, dau of Hugh Dennys of Pucklechurch, whose nephew, John Dennys, was the father of Johanna Dennys, wife of Henry Harris, br.-in-law of Edward Langford, ‘cousin’of the said Thomas Harris, of Ludlow, who would have been as acquainted with his extended kin as Captain Harris would have been with is. Ludlow and Pucklechurch are only 80 miles distant, or about 8 hours travel by coach. The said Thomas Harris would have been acquainted with the Ligons.

Edward Langford is recorded in this conveyance: ‘Thomas Mathewes of the parosh of Churchstocke acknowledges that he has received from Lewis Mathewes the elder £1, a moiety of the £2 mentioned in the deed. Signature of Thomas Mathewes Witnesses:- John Madockes clerk, Richard Morris, Edward Langford, Richard Gwilt, Daniell O wens, Richard Bowen. July, 19, 1638 (National Archives, reference 445/138).

The Langford family of Ludlow stemmed from Richard Langford, obit. 1580: ‘1st s. of Richard Langford of Shrewsbury by Anne, da. of Walter Rogers. m. Elizabeth, da. of John Roberts, 3s. 3da. (The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981). A younger son was Thomas Langford (grandfather of Thomas Harris, born 1603), whose elder br., Richard, was the father of the said Edward Langford. Thomas Langford is evidenced in this court case: ‘John Bradfield, Henry Morton, Thomas Blashfield, “and others.” v. Thomas Evans, Richard Baylie, Thomas Langford, Robert Berry.: Town of Ludlow (Shropshire), incorporated by Edward 4., and the land granted by the King to the burgesses of such town in fee-farm in the parish of Staunton Lacy, and all the lands lately belonging to the “dissolved Guild, Palmers of Ludlow (Shropshire).” Touching a new charter obtained by defendants. Alleged appropriation by defendants of lands belonging to the corporation. Touching also the rules governing and the privileges belonging to such corporation. Survey.: Salop. 39 & 40 Eliz’ (National Archives, reference E 134/39and40Eliz/Mich37). His br., Richard, is mentioned in this deed: ‘1. Robert Berry and Richard Langford, Bailiffs of the Corporation of Ludlow. 2. John Gregory, Ludlow, Cordwainer. 1-2 ‘All that their messuage or tenement and garden…together also with one other little garden adjoining to … Barnaby Wall …’ (Shropshire Archives, Box 372-373). Edward Langford was a feoffee of the Fox family: ‘1. Sir Edward Foxe of Ludlowe knight, Somersett Foxe of Ludlowe esq, his son and heir, and Edward Langford of Mellington yeoman 2. William Mathewes of Mellington gentleman Consideration; exchange: Conveyance of 2 parcels of lands arable in the township of Mellington … extending in length from lands of William Mathewes … leading from Pentrey goz y gwenyth towards Mountgomery at the south end (in occupation of Edward Langford) To hold of the chief lords for the usual services. March 11, 1617 (National Archives, reference 445/93). The chief lords had been a branch of the Hopton family of Earls Croome, as follows.

Edward Langford  m. Anna Harris, establishing a connection to the family of Dennys: 1. … 1.1. Thomas Berkeley of Ewdnes, m. Jane Felton, dau. of. William Felton of Ewdnes. 1.1.1. Bridget Berkeley, m. Richard Harris of Abcotte. Richard Harris’s br., Henry Harris, m. ‘Johanna Dennys, fil John’, who was the son of Walter Dennys, as follows. (Anna Harris, sister of Richard and Henry, m. Edward Langford, brother-in-law of Rowland Harris, of Ludlow, as follows). 1.2. Edmund Berkeley of Shrewsbury, m. Mary Felton, dau. of William Felton of Ewdnes. 1.2.1 Francis Berkeley: ‘b. 1583/4, 1st s. of Edmund Berkeley, draper of Shrewsbury and Hadnall and 1st w. Mary, da. and coh. of William Felton of Ewdnes, Worfield, Salop.1 educ. Shrewsbury sch. 1589; Brasenose, Oxf. 1598 (aged 15); L. Inn. 1605, called 1612.2 m. by 1615, Anne (d. 21 Nov. 1629), da. of Thomas Purcell of Dinthill, Salop, 3s. 2da. 3 suc. fa. 1609.4 d. 3 Oct. 1628.5 sig. Fra[ncis] Bark(e)ley. Active as a barrister until the end of his life, Berkeley died on 3 Oct. 1628 and was buried at St. Chad’s, Shrewsbury on the following day. No will or administration has been found, but in a settlement made shortly before his death he provided his younger sons with property from his manor of Hadnall, Shropshire and his daughters with portions of £200 each, none of which suggests he was a man of great means. However, the family’s fortunes improved when his eldest son inherited lands in the south of the county from an uncle in 1635, on the strength of which he was able to marry a daughter of Sir Andrew Corbet (The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629, ed. Andrew Thrush and John P. Ferris, 2010).

Francis Berkeley claimed descent from the Bekeleys of Gloucestershire, viz. (1. Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, Gloucestershire, obit. 1514. 1.1. Sir John Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, obit. 1546, m. Isabella Dennys, dau of William Dennys and Anne Berkeley, dau. of Maurice, 8th Lord Berkeley, br. of Isabel Berkeley, who m. William Trye of Hardwicke, obit 1498, their son being Edward Trye, whose issue included: John Trye* of Hardwicke (1513-April 21, 1579),and Katherine Trye, born c. 1520. Eleanor Dennys, sister of Isabella, born 1508 (Arle, Worcestershire), m. William Lygon, obit. 1567, son of Sir Richard Ligon, of Madresfield, and Margaret Greville. Thomas Ligon, second son of William and Eleanor, married his cousin, Frances Dennys, born 1548, obit. 1625, dau of Hugh Dennys of Pucklechurch, obit. 1612, and Katherine Trye, aforementioned (Chitting, Henry, The Visitation of the County of Gloucester Taken in the Year 1623 (London: Harleian Society Publications, 1885, p. 51). Thomas Ligon and Frances Dennys were the grandparents of Thomas Ligon, who m. Mary Harris, dau. of ‘the Captain’.

Isabella and Eleonor Dennys were the nieces of John Dennys, father of 1. Hugh Dennys (father of John, obit, 1609), and 2. Walter Dennys, father of John Dennys, aforementioned, confounded by such as Isack Walton with his namesake and cousin.

*John Trye of Hardwicke held land in Stanton Lacy, Shropshire, as evidenced in this court case: ‘Trye v Tailour. Plaintiffs: John Trye. Defendants: Richard alias Piers Tailour. Subject: Detention of deeds relating to the manor of Lower Hayton (in Stanton Lacy) and messuages and land in Stanton Lacy. Shropshire. 1538-1544 (National Archives, reference C 1/1073/36). As given herein, Stanton Lacy was the home of Thomas Harris, church warden (cousin of Richard Harris, of Cruckton, and Rowland Harris, of Ludlow, aforementioned), and Wiliam Cocke, cousin of Richard Cocke of Bremo.

1.2.2. Hester Berkeley, m. Richard Corbett, bur. Mar. 15, 1621,in Alston (Pontesbury); Richard being the son of Katherine Harris and John Corbett of Alston Esq. Katherine Harris was the dau. of the said Richard Harris of Cruckton, thus, cousin of Thomas Harris, born 1603, in Ludlow, son of Richard’s br., Rowland, and sis. of Mary Harris, who m., as his second wife, Fleetwood Dormer, whose first wife, Katherine Ligon, was cousin of Thomas Ligon, who m. Mary Harris, dau. of ‘the Captain.’

A simplified account of this peripheral kinship group is:

1. …
1.1. William Dennys.
1.1.1. Isabella Dennys, m. Sir John Berkeley of Stoke Gifford
1.1.2. Eleonor Dennys, m. William Ligon. Thomas Ligon. Thomas Ligon, m. Mary Harris, dau. of Captain Thomas Harris.
1.2. John Dennys
1.2.1. Hugh Dennys of Pucklechurch Walter Dennys John Dennys. Joahanna Dennys, m. Henry Harris, br. of Anna, wife of Edward Langford, cousin of Thomas Harris, born 1603, in Ludlow, whose cousin, Mary Harris, was the second wife of Fleetwood Dormer, whose first wife was the second-cousin of Thomas Ligon, husband of Mary Harris, dau. of Captain Thomas Harris.

The traditional Harris narrative is wholly contrived: (1) Major Harris did not inherit the Longfield estate of Captain Thomas Harris – he owned land adjacent to Mary (Harris) Ligon at Curles Swamp. (2) Deeds mentioning the latter’s land as a gift of Captain Harris do nor refer to the Major’s being such. (3) There is no record of Major Harris selling Longfield, the claim of him having sold it to Roger Green is based on nothing more than Green being recorded in Curles Neck. (4) Neither Mary (Harris) Ligon nor Major Harris refer to the family of the other in their Wills. (4) There is no authentic record of Major Thomas Harris, son of Captain Thomas Harris, having a brother named William.

Two families of Harris were obviously connected, but not by any recent blood, and the maternal Langford ancestry of the aforementioned Thomas Harris, born in 1603, strongly indicates he was the father of Major William Harris, and he the father of ‘William Harris Jr.’, named in the case of ‘Langford’s orphans’, as will be described hereinafter.

What follows are simplified genealogies of the families of Harris, Baugh, and Jeffries, given in a format more ‘visual’ than a formal composition, so as to aid understanding of the complexities involved. What is evident is that two branches of the Baugh family, of Worcestershire and Shropshire, had strong connections to the Harris family of Cruckton and Stanton Lacy, Shropshire. The complexities are enormous, moreso in that they have only been partly given: Richard Hopton and Joan Langford, great-aunt of Jane Langford, mother of Thomas Harris, born 1603, were the parents of William Hopton, his son being John Hopton, merchant of Southampton, whose dau., Elizabeth, m. Thomas Jeffries, grandson of Susanna Copely, dau. of Thomas Copely of Bredon’s Norton, Worcestershire. John Baugh, who held land in Bredon’s Norton, uncle of William Baugh, neighbour of Major William Harris, m. Eleonor Copely, sister of the said Susanna. John Hopton, merchant of Southampton, was the uncle of Thomas Hopton, who m. Elizabeth Baugh, whose cousin, Edward Baugh, m. the aunt of the said Thomas Jeffries. These ‘connections’ also involved Richard Cocke and his kinsman, Thomas Harris, born 1603.

‘Ware Run’ seems to have been a Shropshire/Worcestershire enclave, which encompassed a family of Geffreys/Jeffreys/Jeffries, of which Sidney Grazebrook gave account: Jefferies, or Geffreys, of Earl’s Croome. William Jefferies, the son of Thomas Jefferies, of London, had a grant of the manor of Earl’s Croome from King Edward VI. This gentleman, who had been cofferer of the household to King Henry VIII., recorded his descent at the Visitation of 1569. His son Leonard, who was aged eight in 1569, succeeded to the estate, and was father of Thomas Jefferies, who entered the pedigree at the Visitation of 1634. William Jefferies, the son of Thomas, had issue an only daughter and heiress, Hester, who married Sir Robert Barkham, bart., and was mother of Sir Edward Barkham, the last baronet, who died without issue in 1711.— Per fesse embattled gules and or, in chief three leopard’s faces of the last, in base as many hawk’s lures two and one of the first (see) D. 12, Coll. Arm., fo. 35, and C 30, fo. 43; Penn. MS.; and Harl. MS., 1566′ (1). Thus: 1. Thomas Geffery of London, later of Earls Croome, Worcestershire (obit. 1548), m. Alice Stapley, of Sussex. 1.1. William Jefferies of Earls Croome, obit. 1570, m. Alice Babthorpe. 1.1.1. William Jefferies, 1561-1629, m. Susanna Copley, dau of Thomas Copley of Bredon’s Norton. Thomas Jefferies, obit. 1650, m. (2) Katherine Penn, obit. 1664, dau of William Penn. William Jefferies. Hester Jefferies, obit. 1691, m. Sir Richard Barkham. It is almost certain that the neighbour of Major William Harris at ‘Ware Run’, John Puckett (i.e. Picott, Pickett, Pigott), was married to Anne Jeffries, a kinswoman of the Baugh and Harris families. John Puckett is recorded in a grant of land for 500 acres in Henrico County, January 27, 1665, for the transportation of 10 persons. He died in 1677, when his wife, Anne, was given letters of administration on his estate. On her decease in 1679, the estate was divided among their children, William, John, and Thomas (Richard Womack, their brother-in-law, had received cattle from the estate), and the said William Puckett was guardian of the orphans of William Jeffries, dec’d in 1683.

Given the connection of the Reeves family to the the Harris kinship group, as given hereinafter, and they to the Womack family of ‘Ware Run’, later associations between the Reeves and Jeffries is placed in a kinship context: ‘Indenture made the 1st day of March, 1746, between Benjamin Rieves of Prince George County, and George Rieves of Brunswick County, Thomas Jeffries of Brunswick County, parties of the first part, and Timothy Rives of Brunswick County, for 40 pounds, conveying two tracts, the first being 400 acres and the second tract containing 50 acres and being a part of tract surveyed by William Rieves of Prince George County and given by Will by the said William Rieves, dec’d. to Thomas Jeffries and is the upper end of the said land. Witnesses were Burrell Brown, William Wommack, Henry Cooke, and Absolum Atkison (sic). Proved by the oaths of the witnesses in Court on March 5, 1746, at which time Sarah Reives, wife of the said George Reives, appeared and relinquished her right of dower’ (3).


1. John Harris, obit. 1550, m. Margaret Leighton, dau. of Sir Thomas Leighton and Anne Baker. The Visitation of Shropshire, 1623, gives ‘John ap Harry’ as marrying Margaret Leighton, which confounds father and son. 1.1. Richard Harris, m. Eleanor Jenyns, dau. of William Jenyns, of Wallyburne, Shropshire. 1.1.1. John Harris of Cruckton, Pontesbury (bur. Apr. 12, 1614), burgess of Shrewsbury, m. Eleanor Prowde, dau. of Thomas Prowde, of Sutton, Shropshire. Thomas Harris, Justicar, of Tonge Castle, m. Eleanor Giffard, dau. of Roger Giffard and Frances Rowsley. Rowland Harris, obit. 1605, m. (September 14, 1595), Jane Langford (bapt. 0ctober 10, 1567), dau. of Thomas Langford, of Ludlow; their issue being:”Thomas, John, Anna’. Thomas Harris, bapt. September 4, 1603, in St. Lawrence, Ludlow. He was the second son of Rowland Harris of that name; his namesake (d. inf.) was bapt. Jun. 26, 1597. John Harris (bapt. March. 16, 1604), m. (Oct. 28, 1630), Gwen Matthewes; their issue being: Edward Harris (bapt. Mar. 7, 1634), Thomas Harris (bapt. Sept. 2, 1638); and Sarah Harris, bapt. Jun. 16, 1644. Arthur Harris, m. Jane Newton, of Prescot, Shropshire. Thomas Harris, Esq., of Prescot, m. (1632), Alice Holland, dau. of William Holland, bapt. (1674) at Burwarton, and buried there in 1642 (Will proved P.C.C. 94 Campbell), son of Thomas Holland, bur. (1612) at Stottesden, and Alicia, ‘fil. Thomas Cocke of Pickthorne’ (Will pr. P.C.C. 19 Capell, 1613); styled ‘of Pickthorne’, aunt of Richard Cocke, b. 1597, in Pickthorne, Stottesdon, Shropshire; bapt. December 13, 1597 at Sidbury, Shropshire; obit. Bremo Bluff, Henrico, 1665. Richard Harris, obit. 1631, m. Anna Smallman, obit. 1650, dau. of Thomas Smallman of Wilderhope. Anna Smallman’s brother, Stephen Smallman, of Wilderhope, obit. 1635, Justice of the Peace in 1623, was the father of John Smallman, of Ludlow, who married Martha Jones, dau. of Richard Jones of Oswestry, which provides a link to the families of Chambers and Chandler, see anon. Mary Harris, Lady Dormer, m. (in 1673, as second wife), Fleetwood Dormer, b. May 21, 1616, bapt. at Quainton, Buckinghamshire, later of Arle Court, died aged 81, August 27, 1696. Fleetwood Dormer was the son of Sir Fleetwood Dormer, of Shipton Lee, Buckinghamshire (obit. February 1, 1638), and Mary Isham, dau. of Sir Euseby Isham, of Braunston. the said Sir Fleetwood Dormer was the son of Peter Dormer, of Shipton Lee, obit. December 3, 1583. Mary Isham was the aunt of Henry Isham, who resided at Bermuda Hundred, Henrico Co., who m. Katherine Banks, relict of Joseph Royal; their issue being: 1. Henry Isham (obit. 1678), 2. Anne Isham, who m. Col. Francis Eppes, 3. Mary Isham, who m. Col. William Randolph, named as another ‘friend’ in the Will of Major William Harris. Fleetwood Dormer’s first wife was Katherine Ligon, second-cousin of Thomas Ligon, whose son and namesake married Mary Harris, dau. of Captain Thomas Harris. The Dormers of Shipton Lee and the Pigotts of Dodershall, cousins of Captain Thomas Harris, shared Buckinghamshire connections: Quainton Farm-house is mentioned as a Dormer property in 1639. It is 1½ miles distant from Doddershall. The manor passed to Thomas Pigott of Whaddon, serjeant-at-law, obit. 1519, then to Thomas Pigott, his son, whose relict, as heretofore given, remarried to a gentleman whose niece was recorded in the household of Captain Thomas Harris. There are large memorials in Quainton Church to Fleetwood Dormer, father and son, and to members of the Pigott family. 1.1.2. Thomas Harris, m. Margary Clee. The following Harris were of Stanton Lacy, Shropshire: 1.1.3. Richard Harris, m. Elizabeth Marston, niece of Thomas Marston, of Bitterley, Shropshire, son of John Marston and Mary Baugh, of Aldon Court, Shropshire; another son being Ralph Marston, who m. Joan Hopton, of Hopton Castle, Shropshire, dau. of Richard Hopton and Joan Langford, great-aunt of Jane Langford, mother of Thomas Harris, born 1603, aforementioned. The said Joan Hopton’s brother, John, m. Elizabeth Sharpe, dau of Thomas Sharpe; their issue being: Thomas Hopton, who m. Elizabeth Baugh (bur. December 12, 1602, Stanton Lacy, Shropshire); Anne Hopton, who m. Andrew Herbert; Elizabeth Hopton, who m. William Parker, of Shropshire. It is highly probable that the wife of William Baugh Sr., of Virginia, relict of a Sharpe and Parker, had married into families intermarried with the Hoptons. Thomas Harris Sr., bapt. Oct. 20, 1566. Church Warden of Stanton Lacy. Thomas Harris Jr. His contemporary in Stanton Lacy was ‘William, s. of Richard Cock’ (baptised March 3, 1604), son of Richard Cocke, and cousin of Richard Cocke of Bremo. Major William Harris, as stated, was a neighbour of John Rabon. Richard Cocke of Bremo lived at Sidbury, in Shropshire, which is near the Staffordshire border. The leading families of Sidbury, the Purslowes and Cresswells, were landowners in Staffordhire, and it seems very likely that they shared this distinction with Richard Cocke, uncle of Richard Cocke of Bremo. It was probably he who was designated ‘Richard Cocke of Stafford’ in Treswell’s Visitation of Shropshire, 1623. This seems the more likely in that his dau., Joane Cocke, m. John Rabon. It was most likely hat it was their son who was a neighbour of Major William Harris in Virginia. The Rabons were an established Shropshire family. Thomas Rabon’s dau., Dorothy, was baptised on October 9, 1654, at Saint Mary Magdalene, Bridgnorth. The deanery of Bridgnorth is bounded by the county of Stafford on the east. These Rabons are also recorded in the following deed: ‘August 1, 1632. William Rabon s. of Ralphe Rabon of Wem co. Salop miller to Tho. Maddox departed’ (4). William Cocke, almost certainly he who was baptised in Stanton Lacy in 1604, was granted 250 acres of land in Virginia, in 1637. A Henrico Co. deed, of December 14, 1656, mentions the orphans of William Cocke, one of whom, John Cocke, m. Mary Baugh, before 1685, dau. of William Baugh Jr. and wife, Jane Hatcher. Thomas Harris, bapt. Oct. 16, 1636. Edward Harris, bapt. January 1, 1568. Edward Harris, bapt. May 2, 1589. Edward Harris, bapt. February 2, 1615.


1. Edward Baugh of Twining, Glocuestershire, deceased before January 19, 1571, m. Margaret Stratford (obit. 1589), dau. of John Stratford, of Farnecott. 1.1. Rowland Baugh, of Twining. 1.1.1. John Baugh. Thomas Baugh, noted as being in Virginia in 1634. John Baugh, m. Eleonor Copely, dau. of Thomas Copely, of Bredon’s Norton. William Baugh (s.l. 1634), m. Mary Wakeman, of Gloucestershire. William Baugh, held land next to Major William Harris, on ‘Ware Run’. The specific location of ‘Ware Run’ is give in Richard Womack’s grant: ‘Now know yee that I ye sd Sir Will Berkeley knt. give and graunt unto Richard Womack foure hundred and fivety acres, three rood eight po: of land on ye North side of Appomatock River in Henrico Cout extending as ffolloweth beginning at a small branch of ye Ashen Swampe and running along ye Swampe So: by Ea: 220 po: over a small branch to a Pokicory No: Ea: over ye same branch 26 po: then up ye branch No: Ea: by Ea: 94 po Ea: by No: along ye branch to ye head of it 102 po So: So: Ea: 22 po: to John Puckett his line (his dau. m. Richard Womack Jr.) No: Ea: b Ea 54 po: No: Ea: by No: 130 po: to ye head of ye Spring Run No: Ea: by Ea: 56 po: No: by We: 34 po: No: We: 60 po: to Mr. Baugh* his line neigh ye Round Slash No: No: We: 15 po: to Major Harris his cornor We: by So: 380 po: to ye place aforementioned the sd land being due unto ye sd Richard Womack by and for ye transportacon of nine persons into this Collony’. ‘Dated March 15, 1672. This land does not have any connection to the Thomas Harris of the 1638 Longfield patent. It would have been recognised in England as a Shropshire/Worcestershire settlement. The Womack grant shows Major William Harris to hold land next to William Baugh, kinsman of the Harris and Cocke families of Shropshire: The Baugh arms and crest were confirmed by Cooke, Clarenceux, in 1579, to Rowland Baugh of Twining, co. Gloucestershire, and Bredon’s Norton, Worcestershire (4). They were confirmed to the Aldon Court (Shropshire) family in 1588, who were a junor branch of this family. William Baugh Jr., m. Jane Hatcher, dau. of William Hatcher Jr., and sister of Henry Hatcher, father of Mary (Hatcher) Tanner. Rowland Baugh, his granddau. Judith Baugh (s.l. 1682), m. (1668) Charles Hancock of Playstow & Twining, b. March 13, 1643, s.l. 1682; 2nd s. of William Hancock of Bredon’s Norton, Worcs., sheriff, Worcs. 1665, being o. s. by his 2nd w. Catherine Mayle of Tewkesbury. Judith Baugh, obit. 1728, was the dau. and coh. of Richard Baugh of Twining. Thomas Copley, jun., who sold the manor of Hall Court, in 1649, to William Hancock, sen., and William Hancock, jun. William Hancock, who dealt with the manor of Hall Court in 1678–9, was son of the younger William. George Alvis was mentioned in the Henrico County Court, on February 1, 1682, as the plaintiff in a suit against Henry Watkins for the balance of an account apparently due to George’s wife. Watkins, his probable father-in-law, was ordered to pay. George Alvis also complained in the same court against Mr. Richard Ligon for failing in his duty to the orphan, William Harris. Henry Watkins died in ‘Malvern Hills’, Henrico Co., in 1714. His family probably originated from Bredon’s Norton, overlooking the Malvern Hills, where a family of Hancock were established. The Bishop’s Transcripts for Bredon include earlier notices of the Watkins and Hancocke families: 1609, ‘Rowland Hancocke the sonne of Rowland Hancocke bapt'; November 20, 1610, ‘Thomas Watkins sonne to Richard Watkins of Norton buried'; January 27, 1611, ‘Robert Hancocke buried'; ‘Año dni 1611, William Hancocke sonne to Rowland Hancocke buryed, Margaret Hancocke daughter to Rowland Hancocke buryed’. 1.2. John Baugh, of ‘Aldencourte’, m. Joanne Dale, dau of John Dale of Langtoll. 1.2.1. Thomas Baugh of Aldon Court, m. Dorothy Parkes, dau of George Parkes, of Bromfield. Henry Baugh of Aldon Court (s.l. 1623), m. Alice Holland (obit. 1662, dau. of Francis Holland of Burwarton, who was the brother of Thomas Holland, who married Alice Cocke, aunt of Richard Cocke of Bremo, obit. 1665. Thomas Holland and Alice Cocke had issue, Alice Holland, who m., in 1632, Thomas Harris, Esq., of Prescot, first-cousin of Thomas Harris, born in 1603. Rowland Baugh, ‘of Stone House’ (3rd son). 1.2.2. Elizabeth Baugh, m. Thomas Hopton of Hayton, Stanton Lacy, son of John Hopton, son of Richard Hopton and Joan Langford, she being, to repeat, the great-aunt of Jane Langford, mother of Thomas Harris, born 1603, in Ludlow. Richard Hopton and Joan Langford also had issue: William Hopton, of Hopton and Dounton (s.l. 1563), who m. Elizabeth Fox, dau. of William Fox, of Ludlow, their issue including John Hopton, merchant, of Southampton. 1.3. Thomas Baugh, of Pershore, Worcestershire. 1.3.1. Edward Baugh, obit. 1643, m. Mary Jeffries, dau of Leonard Jeffries, of Earls Crome, Worcestershire, son of William Jeffries and Susanna Copley, dau. of Thomas Copley of Bredon’s Norton. Leonard Jeffries was the father of Thomas Jeffries, who m. (by 1602) Elizabeth Hopton, dau. of John Hopton, merchant, of Southampton, aforementioned, and niece of Michael Hopton, of Canon Frome, Herefordshire, merchant of London. These relationships are detailed in Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cliv, 112, and Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccccliv, 31. A daughter of Mary (Harris) Ligon married into the Baugh/Harris kinship group: 1. William Baugh Sr. ‘On 16 January 16, 1668, he received a headright grant of 577 acres (alongside his brother, John Baugh’s 1638 and 1645 land grants), for the transportation of 12 persons, including his son, William Baugh, Jr., on the north side of the Appomattox River, near Ashton’s Creek. 1.1. William Baugh Jr. His death is shown by an Orphan’s Court record of August 1678, in which Abell Gower (third husband of Jane Hatcher) gives an account of cattle belonging to his step-children, Mary and Priscilla Baugh, orphans of Mr. William Baugh Jr., deceased, and of William and John Branch, orphans of Mr. William Branch, deceased (1st husband of Jane Hatcher). In April 1681, William Baugh, Sr., gentleman of Henrico, made a deed conferring to his granddaughter, Priscilla Baugh, now the wife of William Farrar, a tract of land which he had, in 1668, given to his grandson, William Baugh (III), and in 1674 to said Priscilla. William Farrar was the brother of Thomas Farrer, who m. (1) Mary Ligon, born 1663, dau. of Thomas Ligon and Mary (Harris) Ligon. He m. (2) Katherine Perrin, on November 20, 1686, in Henrico Co., dau. of Richard Perrin and Katherine Royal, who was born in 1667, in Henrico County, and died after May 16, 1748, in Goochland County. (Dates as microfilmed copies of Virginia State Library original documents).

Captain Thomas Harris had issue, a daughter, Mary Harris, married to Thomas Ligon, and a son, Thomas Harris. There are more reasons not to appendage Major William Harris to this family as a blood relative as there are to make him one. The contention that he was is based on Mary (Harris) Ligon naming herself as daughter of ‘Captain Thomas Harris’ in a Deed of Gift, dated August 28, 1691, concerning her inherited lands, in which (in copper-plate handwriting) she writes: ‘divident of said containing two hundred acres … being part of a grant and divident granted unto Captain Thomas Harris decd and given by will of this said Thomas Harris decd unto his daughter Mary Ligon’ (5).

That Major William Harris did not inherit Longfield is evidenced by inspection of microfilmed copies of original deeds in the Virginia State Library which highlight discrepancies in the ‘Harris narrative’. In the case of John Broadnax against William Soane, October 1, 1700, which was to establish ‘title to the land and establish boundaries’ (6), Richard Lygon and John Woodson are mentioned as owning land ‘bordering those of the aforesaid Thomas Harris’ (i.e. the Longfield Plantation), he being ‘Captain Thomas Harris’, of the 1638 Longfield patent. Richard Ligon was said to be the executor of his mother’s estate, she being Mary (Harris) Ligon, wife of Colonel Thomas Ligon.

Longfield was distinct from the 200 acres owned by Mary (Harris) Ligon on the north side of the James river, adjoining Richard Cocke’s and John Woodson’s lands. It was the land on which she lived with her husband, Col. Thomas Ligon, Surveyor of Henrico County, who obtained from Gov. Berkeley the reversion of the office for his son. This first heir being William Ligon, whom his mother disinherited. Mary (Harris) Ligon came to an agreement with her br., Thomas Harris, regarding this tract of land: ‘Tho. Chamberlaine aged twenty-seven or thereabouts deposeth that he heard Mrs. Lygon say that she and her brother had made an agreement that Maj.Thomas Harris her sd. brother, should have the whole proffitts of the surveyor’s place till her sonne come of age, since her said soyne come of age this depont heard Major Harris say he had made an agreement with his kinsman (nephew, Richard Ligon), for halfe the proffitts of the said place, and all soe this deponent hath heard Mr. Ligon say the same (7).  (Major William Harris is not mentioned in this transaction. The traditional narrative ‘transmutes’  ‘Major Thomas Harris’ into ‘Major William Harris’, the court records being wrongly recorded, it is assumed.  Yet, the spurious claim that British colonial records name William and Thomas Harris as sons of Captain Thomas Harris is based on nothing more than Thomas Chamberlaine’s statement.  Further comment would not be charitable. Mary (Harris) Ligon did have a brother, Thomas, as recorded, with his later identification being secondary to this fact.

The codicil of Mary Harris Lygon’s Will of 1703 states: ‘There should be no dispute over the 200 acres mentioned above. It should not go to a deceased son, William’s heirs. It reverted back to me and is mine to leave’ (8).

The 200 acres granted to Mary (Harris) Ligon by her father was near the Malvern Hills Plantation, the area surveyed by her husband. After his death, in 1675), she occupied the whole land (it reverting to her), till his sons attained the age of 21. Richard Ligon sold a half of his inheritance to his (disinherited) br., William: ‘Know all men by these presents that I, Richard Ligon of the Parish of Bristol & county of Henrico doe owe and stand justly indebted to William Ligon of the Parish of Henrico and Co. of Henrico as aforesaid his heirs and assigns in the sum of two hundred pounds, which payment will and truly be made and I bind myself, my heirs & executors to pay. Witness my hand and seal this first day of Nov, 1706. The condition of this obligation is such that a tract of land lying in the Co. aforesaid on the north side of the James river between the plantations now belonging to Col. Wm. Randolph (who had bought the escheated Longfield estate – M.S.) & John Woodson left to Mrs. Mary Ligon deceased by her father, Thomas Harris. Suit about same by Richard Ligon & Thos. Ligon son & heir of William Ligon the elder brother of sd Richard and after death of Thomas & down the line. Signed Richard Ligon. Witness: John Pleasants and Joseph Pleasants’ (9).

Major William Harris held land adjacent that of Mary (Harris) Ligon, as evidenced in this record: ‘John Woodson, Sr. of Henrico Co. to Edward Lester, land next to Richard Cocke, next to land formerly William Harris’s on Curles Swamp, next to land given by Thomas Harris to his dau Mary Lygon, 90 acres, sold by Harris to Gilbert Platt, and by him to Leonard & William Ballew, and by them to John Pleasants, and by him to Hacliah Horner, and by his son Edward Horner to above John Woodson, and to Edward Lester for 1000 lbs tobacco. April 1, 1693. Wit: Nicholas (X) Hutcheinson, John Ellis. Signed: John Woodson, Sr. Recorded April 1, 1693 (10).

Thus, Major William Harris did not ‘fall heir to Longfield’, as is erroneously claimed. He held land on Curles Swamp, which was near that that held by Mary (Harris) Ligon. Nor did Major Harris sell Longfield to Roger Green in 1664. The source 0f this spurious information is nothing more than an entry in the Valentine Papers, volume iii., which gives the monumentally unspecific information: ’59br 1668, Roger Green, Merchant at Curles’.

The nature of the land held by Mary (Harris) Ligon is given in this Henrico County court statement: ‘I the subscriber do declare in the presence of God that I have wth in two months last past seen John Woodson Jr. , go into Curle Swamp & hath heard him say that he Shott in y esd. Swamp Severall times, & see him shoot at Ducks out of his Canoe as he was in the Main Creek of ye sd. Curles & hath seen him wth his Dogg & Gunn in ye Marsh of ye sd. Swamp. And to my remembrance saith not: 1st day of mo, 1692. John Woodson, Sr. Recd. &c. 1 Xbr. 1692′.

Major William Harris also owned land on ‘Ware Run’, south of the James River: ‘William Harris, son of Maj. William Harris, dec’d, for a tract of 250 acres, now conveyed to me by Hon. William Byrd, Esq., being that tract on south side of James River called ‘the Ware’, give by Maj. Harris to his son Thomas Harris, dec’d, and since escheated to His Majesty, sells to said Byrd a tract also on south side of James River, part of a tract Maj. Harris died seized of on Ware Run, 225 acres. S. William Harris. Wit: Wm. Soane, George Alves. Rec: October 1, 1692′ (11).

This record is a corroboration of information contained in the Wills of Major William Harris and his son, Thomas Harris, given as follows:

‘Not knowing what the Lord hath ordained or at what time He may take me out of this life, I do settle my estate of lands, as follows: I give and bequeath to my son Thomas Harris all my land below the Ware and keep the Ware run as his bounds till it shall come to ye spring at ye head, and then to follow ye bottome on ye lower side of the clearing of John Rabon to the Hundred Road Path and then a straight course, or road, to the land of Colonel Peter Ashbrook, but, in no case, to cross Pocket’s Path. To my younger sons, William and Edward Harris, I give the rest of my dividend, William the plantation where I now live, and Edward to have ye land next to Ashbrook but William to extend outward one hundred yards beyond the clearing of John Rabon, on the path called Pocket’s Path, and thence on a straight course to ye Red Water. … I desire my friends, Mr. Thomas Cocke and Mr. William Randolph, to see that this, my Will, is performed. In witness of every part hereof, I put my hand, on this the first day of February, 1678. (Signed) William Harris, in Presence of Richard Ligon, Ann Hunt, Ann Stewart. Proved in Henrico Co., VA Court, the 20th day of April 1678′ (12).

‘In the name of God, Amen, I, Thomas Harris, being very ill and sicke and very weake, make this my last Will and Testament, being in sound mind and perfect memory. First I bequeath my soul to God who gave it, & my body to the earth from whence it came. I give and bequeath unto my sister-in-law, Loue Harris, my land at ye Ware, according to the bounds set in my father’s Will, to her and her heirs forever and give her as much power of the aforesaid land as I myself had in my lifetime. I give and bequeath unto my cozen, Richard Ligon, all my horses, mares or foals that can be found or to be said or proved to be mine to him and his heirs forever, they not being given by my grandfather into the hands of the overseers for the true and honest performance of this my last will. I have hereunto sett my hand and seale In the years of our Lord God, February the 10th, Anno 1678-9. Thomas Harris. Wit. Richard Lygon. Proved in Henrico County Court the 2nd day of June, 1679, by the oath of Mrs. Mary Ligon, the younger. Wit. Wm. Randolph’ (13).

These Wills are held in the Virginia State Library. Clearly, the Thomas Harris who inherited land at ‘the Ware’, and who died in 1679, was the son of Major William Harris, and not the ‘Maj.Thomas Harris’ aforementioned, brother of Mary (Harris) Ligon. To repeat: there are no British Colonial records showing Captain Thomas Harris to have sons, Thomas and William.


There was a strong connection between those associated with Major William Harris to a Jones family of Oswestry, Shropshire, this family being related to the Harris of Cruckton, through their intermarriage with the Smallmans. Richard Harris, uncle, as heretofore given, of Thomas Harris, born 1603, in Ludlow, m. Anna Smallman, whose brother, Stephen Smallman, of Wilderhope, obit. 1635, Justice of the Peace in 1623, was the father of John Smallman, of Ludlow, who married Martha Jones, dau. of Richard Jones of Oswestry. Their son, Thomas Smallman (Executrix of his uncle William (14), was the father of Lettice Smallman, who m. John Blodwell, son of John Blodwell, who resided at Willow Street, Oswestry, in 1676, and Abigail Smallman, sister of John Smallman, husband of Martha Jones. Richard Jones of Oswestry was the father of Margaret Jones, who married, in 1618, her cousin, Edward Jones, son of John ap John Blodwell, that is, the Jones (ap Johns) were the same family as the Blodwells. The son of Margaret and Edward Jones was John Jones, Alderman, of Willow St., Oswestry, who bequeathed ‘property in Salatine purchased of Symon Water deceased and property in Rhandier, Oswestry and Llanvorda purchased of William Owen, Esq. Edward Davis, Humphrey Edwards and Michael Armstie, clerk to George Chambers of Loppington gent., and Roger Trevor of Oswestry gent, in trust to pay £600 for portions of testators younger children’ (15). George Chambers was a Shrewsbury draper, noted in the records of that Company: ‘Chambers. George, s. George, of Loppington, gent.’ The Chambers of Loppington are noted in this deed: ‘Mason v Chambers. Plaintiffs: Richard Mason. Defendants: Michael Chambers, George Chambers, Thomas Chambers, Henry Beast and Arthur Squibb. Subject: tithes of the parish of Loppington, Shropshire’, dated 1603-1625 (16).

The Chandler family also had an interest in the estate of John Jones, as evidenced in this court case of 1680: ‘Chandler v. Noden (Hugh Noden, citizen and merchant of London,executor of the Will of John Jones). Plaintiffs: Richard Chandler and John Chandler. Defendants: Hugh Noden, and others. Subject: property in Shropshire’, re estate of John Jones (17).

Richard and John Chandler were likely related to George Chandler Jr., a draper, who was in Virginia in 1635, having sailed from London on June 23rd of that year.

These relationships are repeated in Virginia, in a Conveyance of February 1, 1688: ‘from Philip Jones of Bristol Parish in Henrico, to William Chambers of parcel of land granted to me by my late uncle Chandler decd. Margaret, wife of Philip Jones, renounces her dower rights (18). ‘My late uncle Chandler’ being Bartholomew Chandler, the subject of a land grant of October 27, 1671: ‘Bartholomew Chandler, 1238 acres Henrico Co., on the north side of Appamattocks river; and on the south side of Swift Creek &c. to a great oak standg. in the old Town run (19).

William Chambers held land next to that of Major William Harris, deceased: ‘William Chambers of Henrico Co., planter sends greeting: Whereas Sir William Berkley, Knt., Lt. Gov. of Va., by patent 7 Oct 1671 granted to John Baugh 200 acres on south side of James River, next to orphans of Joseph Tanner, and also land belonging to Maj. William Harris, dec’d next to James Eakins; John Baugh deeded tract to George Freeman March 4, 1677, who deeded same August 24, 1683 to said Chambers (20).

The Chambers family of Shropshire were tenants of the Charltons, and appear in the following inquest post mortems: ‘Inquisition before Thomas Woodcocke, Esq., Escheator, following the death of Lucy Charlton, wife of Thomas Pope, of Shrewsbury, gent., under the oaths of George Chambers, of Loppington, gent. … that Lucy Charlton (by Roger Pope, father of the above Thomas Pope) was seized of the Manor of Woolstaston (21). ‘By an Inquisition taken at Shrewsbury, co. Salop on 17th January 10 Charles I (1635) after the death of Roger Pope, Esq., deceased, it was found that Roger Pope was seized of an estate comprising of the Manor of Woolstaston …. with appurtenances in Leebotwood, lately purchased by Roger Pope of William Freeman & Joyce, his wife … and of 1 messuage & tenement, and diverse lands, etc., in Abbotts Aston (or Aston Abbotts), Aston Hiddesland (or Hisland) and elsewhere, in the parish of Oswestree’, i.e. Oswestry (22).

Oswestry was also the home of a John Ison, from whence a connection between the Isons and Jones of Amherst co., Virginia, may have stemmed, as the following records suggest: ‘Recognizance before Sir Samuel Sandys by John Ison of Ossestree in the County of Salop, Smyth, Thomas Ison of Dodderhill, Smith, and Edward Ison of Elmley Lovett, Smith, for the appearance of the said John Ison at Sessions’ (23). This was possibly the family of John Ison who died in 1759 in Amherst Co., VA, husband of Martha Hough; a family of that name holding land in Measburie, Oswestry, as shown in this deed of May 10, 1653: ‘Quitclaim: William Hough of Sweeney, yeoman, Thomas ap Evan of Measburie, weaver, and Nicholas Evans of Measburie, yeoman, son and heir of Thomas to Frances Edwardes of Measburie, yeoman. Consideration: £4. Quitclaim of all their right in a close called Y Clawdd Newydd bichan in Measbury. Witnesses: William Edwardes, John Francis, David Francis, W. Edwardes’ (24).

Various members of the Jones family of Oswestry held land in Measbury, as did the Pope family, aforementioned, as this conveyance shows: ‘1. Richard Pope, of Woolstaston, Esq., and Mary, his wife. 2. Sir Thomas Hanmer of Hanmer, co. Flint, baronet, Robert Corbet, of Stanerdyne of the Wood (Stanwardine in the Wood), Esq., William Stevens, of Salop (Shrewsbury), gent., Daniel Lewis, of Salop (Shrewsbury), gent. 1. conveys to 2. in trust, the moiety (or half-part) of the capital messuage, with appurtenances called Evenhall, where Richard Pope and Mary inhabit; and also … To the use of Richard Pope, during his life, the messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments, late of Roger Pope, deceased, in the several towns, parishes and hamlets of Aston Abbott, Hisland, Measbury’ (25).

John Ison, of Amherst co., had issue: John Ison, Jr., who married Rebecca Lucy Jones, and Mary Ison, who married William Jones. It would be reasonable to assume that these Jones siblings were of the Oswestry Jones family, thus also connected to the Chambers and Chandlers.

Bartholomew Chandler, almost certainly of the Shropshire Chandlers, appears in this court order of August 31, 1663: ‘Francis Burrell to Henry Randolph and John Willson, who are bound to Henrico County Court for said Burrell as administrator of Christopher Robinson dec’d., assigning all his goods, chattels, etc., according to an inventory taken this day by Mr. Thomas Bates, Mr. John Gillam, Mr. John Sturdevant, and Mr. Bartholomew Chandler. Witnesses: William Walthall, Bat Chanler. Francis Burrell appoints Mr. William Baugh as his attorney’ (26).

Bartholomew Chandler died after October 27, 1671, when he patented land, and before 1685, as his widow, Mary, was then the wife of John Piggott, as stated by Philip Jones, nephew of Bartholomew Chandler in a deposition of August 1, 1687, in which he records that his uncle died seized of a tract on Swift Creek and Old Town Creek, which lapsed to his majesty for want of heirs: ‘I, now by consent of my aunt, Mrs. Chandler, widow and relict, and now wife of Mr. John Piggott, have escheated the tract. Now for 2200 lbs tobacco, sell to Peter Rowlett, 200 acres of the said land, bounded by the mouth of a great branch of Old Town Creek (27).

Philip Jones was a witness to a horserace: ‘Philip Jones, aged 17 years or thereabouts, Deposeth: That this summer (1679) this deponent was at ye Hundred and saw Abraham Womecke and Rich’d Ligon there, and afterwards saw Mr. Chamberlaine’s boy upon Abraham Womeck’s horse, and Thos. Cocke upon another horse'(28).

Philip Jones is a subject of a Land Grant of April 24, 1703: ‘Capt. Francis Epes; Mr. Isham Epes; Mr. Francis Epes Jr.; Mr. George Robinson, Minister; Mrs. Elizabeth Kennon; Mr. Phillip Jones; Mrs. Martha Stratton; Mr. George Archer, and Mr.James Hill 4000 acres Henrico Co., north of the Appomattock River and along Wintopock Creek for the transport of eighty persons into this Colony’ (29). He also appears in other land grants: October 20, 1704. ‘Phillip Jones 130 acres Henrico Co., on the South side of Swift creek, adjoining John Wilson, Senr., Mr. Chandler, and Capt. Worsham (30). November 1, 1706. ‘John Wilson the elder, of Bristol Parish, Henrico Co., to my son Henry Wilson, the plantation where he now liveth, on Appomattox River, bounded by Capt. George Worsham, Peter Rowlet (of more, anon), and George Wilson, 130 acres, also 100 acres on Swift Creek upon Simons Run, being part of my tract there, next to Maj. Field, Mr. Francis Epes, and Philip Jones’. Witness: John Worsham, John Woodson and William Sloane. Recorded December 2, 1706′ (31).

The relationships of the ap John (Jones) family of Oswestry are complicated, but may be summarised thus: 1. Richard Blodwell. 1.1.John Blodwell, m. Mary Llwyd ap Thomas of Bodlith, Llansillin. 1.1.1. John Blodwell, 1563-1634, m. Anne Morris, dau. of Hugh Morris. In Blodwell v. Smallman (1636), Anne is mentioned as being the aunt of Abigail Smallman, nee Morris, wife of Francis Smallman. Edward Jones (‘son of John ap John Blodwell’), m. Margaret Jones, dau. of Richard Jones (i.e. Richard ap John Blodwell, br. of John ap John Blodwell, this Richard Jones being the father of his namesake, obit. 1652, whose son was Richard Jones, who was leased ‘a moiety of a messuage or burgage in which he now lives in Oswestrie in Williowe street’ by his mother, Dorothy, on July 1, 1656, he being the father of John jJones who m. married Sarah Edwards: ‘John Jones, p. of Whittington, & Sarah Edwards, sp., p. of Halston, John Edwards of Maesbury, father of the said Katherine (32). Whittington is 3 miles from Oswestry. The said Katherine (Edwards) Jones may have been the sister-in-law of Thomas Reeves. John Jones and Katherine Edwards were probably the parents of Richard Jones, named in the 1736 Will of Mary Rogers, as follows. John Jones. Joyce Blodwell, m. John Kynaston, November 23, 1620. John Blodwell, m. Lettice Smallman. Abigail Blodwell, m. (1626), ‘Arthyr Ward’ of Hinton, Pontesbury, Shropshire, bapt. February 10, 1605, who became an Alderman of Oswestry; son of Arthur Ward, bapt. October 15, 1568, in Pontesbury, son of Francis Ward, Burgess of Shrewsbury, 1551 (33). Richard Harris of Cruckton, aforementioned, who held land in Pontesbury, was a ‘generosi’, as Arthur Ward, of Pontesbury Church. Arthur Ward. John Ward. 1.1.2. Richard Jones. Margaret Jones, m. (1618), her cousin, Edward Jones (‘son of John ap John Blodwell’). John Jones.’Mr. John Jones, Alderman, of Willow St., Oswestry. William Jones. William Jones, m. … Chandler. Phillip Jones, nephew of Bartholomew Chandler, emigrated to Virginia. Elizabeth Jones, m. Hugh Pigott: ‘Hugh Piggott and Elizabeth Jones’, November 2, 1630 (34), possibly the parents of the John Pigott, who m. the relict of Bartholomew Chandler.

This Pigott family is almost certainly of Chetwynd, Shropshire, a member of which was a Virginia merchant. They were not, in recent times, at least, connected to the Pigotts of Buckinghamshire. A brief genealogy of these Pigotts is as follows: 1. Thomas Pigott of Chetwynd, m. Dorothy Eyton, dau. of Thomas Eyton of Eyton, Sheriff of Salop, and Elizabeth Charlton, aunt of Thomas Charleton of Shrewsbury, who m. Joyce Jenkins (dau of Richard Jenkins of Hay), and had issue: 1. Robert Charleton, 2. Elizabeth Charleton, who m. Roger Pope, of Lincolns Inn; he being the Roger Pope, aforementioned, whose wife’s family were landlords of the Chambers of Loppington, and holders of land in oswestry, the habitation of Jones and Ison families. 1.1. Richard Pigott, Citizen & Grocer of London, obit. 1656, bur. St Martin Orgar & St Clement Eastcheap, London; m., at St Dunstan, Stepney, March 5, 1606, Elizabeth Nutt, obit. 1646, dau. of Thomas Nutt, Citizen & Grocer of London. 1.1.1. Thomas Pigott, bapt. December 12, 1619. John Pigott, bapt. January 13, 1652. 1.1.2. John Pigott (see Philadelphia Historical Society Library, ‘Some ancestors & descendants of John Pigott of England, Maryland and Virginia’,quoting the 1652 Will of Francis Wells,* of the parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, which referred to ‘my trusty and well-beloved friend John Pigot of Virginia, Merchant Taylor of London’. 1.1.3. Richard Pigott, bapt. at St Martin Orgar & St Clement Eastcheap, London, November 11, 1626, m., 1stly, at Hackney St John, April 22, 1652, Rebecca Viner, dau. of Sir Thomas Viner; she was buried at St Martin Orgar, December 19, 1693. *Recorded June 1, 1652: ‘Francis Wells of the parish of St Giles In the fields in the County of Middlesex, Gent., (England), to ‘my trusty and well beloved trend John Pigot of Virginia Merchant and Citizen and merchant taylor of London’, to receive debts and goods from persons now resident in Virginia. Signed Francis Wells x his marke. Wit: Richard Tanner, Roger Conyers, William Jenkins’.

In 1665, *Francis Wells was granted 600 acres on the South Branch of the Nansemond River, and, in 1670, Edward Thelwell and his partners were granted an adjoinining 250 acres (35). Although the Thelwells are commonly given as a Denbighshire family, of which was Edward Thelwell, whose Will was probated on July 31, 1660, cadet branches were established elsewhere, as given in this court case of 1676, concerning Whittington manor, which, as stated, is situate 3 miles from Oswestry: ‘Thomas Lloyd and Sarah his wife v. John Jones, John Berkely, John Edwards, Edward Kynaston, … Thelwell, Edward Bodham and others: Whittington manor, Shropshire'(36).

John Jones is recorded in this case of Title Deed of 1695, ‘relating to the Shropshire portion of the estate of John Jones, comprising messuages and lands in Whittington, Knockin and Graven Hall, and a messuage near the Black Gate, Oswestry. They include the post-nuptial settlement of John Jones and Katherine his wife, 1672; a bond for discharge of legacies under the Will of Symon Edwards of Berghill, 1675/6; mortgages, 1678, 1683, and a conveyance to John Jones by one of the mortgagees, Penelope Lloyd of Drenewydd, 1695′. John Jones, as stated heretofore, had married Sarah Edwards.

On May 2, 1705, James Collins is re-granted 164 acres in the Upper Parish of Nansemond County adjoining *Francis Wells, it being the same 164 acres granted to James Collins adjoining Francis Wells in 1671. The land is still described as adjoining Francis Wells, although he had died; his land passing to Simon Irons, who married Wells’ daughter, Dorothy, his sole heir. Irons sold the land to Thomas Parker in 1679, probably the same Parker mentioned in the 1693 sale by James Collins to Jeremiah Exum.

Simon Irons, Sr. died in 1706. His will dated October 12, 1706, and proved December 16, 1706, mentions his second wife ‘Perces’, and seven children: Francis, Simon Jr., Robert, William, John Irons, Margaret, and an unborn child.

Extracts from Craven Co. Records of Deeds. Books 1-88. List of Grantors and Grantees. 1744/1880: In Craven County, North Carolina, on September 22, 1742, Abraham Taylor sold to John Irons … South side Neuse River called Taylor’s Lot, granted to Abraham Taylor, November 2, 1738; 1/2 of 380 acres. Wit: Walter Lane, Nics Routledge. On March 17, 1753, Jacob Taylor sold to John Jones 140 acres S. side Neuse River, head of Otter Creek. Beginning at a hickory on the creek side, to red oak, down Creek to the first station. Witnesses Nathan Smith, John Ives. In 1760, Jacob Taylor sold 160 acres of land patented by Robert Jones to John Jones, who subsequently sold this to Bazell Smith, land formerly known as Pumpkin Neck. On July 13, 1777, Absolem Taylor sold to James Hancock 3 tracts of land (400 acres) for 65 pounds. (1) 100 acres South side of Neuse River, on head of Slocumbs Creek, beginning on East side of Slocumbs Ck. (2) Also, on head of sd creek, beginning on the Westermost side of Black Swamp, Royals line, containing 100 acres which sd two tracts were granted to Capt. Bazell Smith by Patent dated October 26, 1760 … (3) beginning at sd Smiths corner, E. side of the Westermost Branch of Slocumbs Creek, 200 acres granted by patent to Thomas Royal, November 14, 1771. Witnesses: Evan Jones, William Hancock.

This area of land was settled by William Reeves Sr., as shown in a deed in Johnston County, dated October 10, 1763, wherein William Reeves, Sr. deeded to William Reeves, Jr. the land south of the Neuse River and east of Ellowby’s creek that he had patented in 1746. An entry in the Bute County, North Carolina, Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, February 13, 1771, reads: ‘Ordered that the Collector pay to Francis Wells and Jacob Bass the sum of thirteen pounds ten shillings proc. for building a bridge over Sandy Creek’. The Bass and Reeves families were intermarried.

The Jones/Reeves association may be evidenced as follows: ‘Wayne County, North Carolina, Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, April 14, 1788: ‘Ordered that Doc’r Andrew Bass, William Reeves, and Aaron Martin divide the Estate of William Jones late of Wayne County deceased, between the widow and the children of the said deceased’. Wayne County, July Court 1788: ‘In obedience to an order of the worshipfull Court of Wayne County granted last April Term. We the subscribers have divided Cattle, sheep, geese and part of pewter. Between Eliz’h Jones, Sarah Taylor, John Jones, Polly Jones, Eliz’h Jones, Nancy & Wm. Jones the widow & children of the deceased Wm. Jones and Nancy Jones & William Jones part being Sold According to the order of Court Amounty to L 32, Sg.6 witness our hand 12th July 1788. Andrew Bass. Aaron Martin. William Reeves’.

The involvement of a Hancock and Royal in the aforementioned deeds, strengthen the possibility that the said John Irons was the son of Simon Irons, son-in-law of the first mentioned Francis Wells, friend of ‘John Pigot of Virginia Merchant and Citizen and merchant taylor of London’, associated to the kinship group which included the Hancocks, Royals, and the Jones of Oswestry, Shropshire.

The continuation of association of families connected to the Jones/Blodwell kinship group is evidenced in this marriage settlement, dated March 21, 1769: ‘1. Thomas Thornes of Argoed in the parish of Kinnerley Gentleman, and Edward Thornes of Oswestry grocer, eldest son and heir of Thomas Thornes. 2. John Buckle of Lincolns Inn gent. 3. Robert Lloyd of Oswestry Esq. and Thomas Lloyd of Westfelton gent. Cons: Marriage shortly to be had between Edward Thornes and Sarah Edwards of Oswestry spinster and to barr all estates tail. … Lease and release of … another messuage and lands in Kinnerley and Argoed called Hirwen (William Jones), another messuage in Kinnerley (Edward Blodwell and Edward Jones), several parcels land in Kinnerley and Argoed called the Big Wood (Thomas Thornes) which Thomas Thornes purchased from Elizabeth Reeves and others. Signatures of Thomas Thornes and Edward Thornes. Witnesses: Robert Lloyd Junior, Walter Williams’ (37). Some further detail is in a lease dated 1743, which recites one of 1714: ‘1. Thomas Rogers, gent. of Oswestry, grandson and heir at law of Thomas Rogers, gent., deceased, late of Bromwich Park, township of Aston. Richard Jones, butcher, of Oswestry, surviving executor of Mary Rogers (probably his sister – M.S.), widow, late of Oswestry, who was the executrix of Thomas Rogers deceased. 2. Thomas Thornes, gent. of Argoyd. Recital of lease and release of 13th and 14th April, 1714 … mortgaging to Rogers the parcels of land in Argoed … called Great Wood leasow (Elizabeth Downes widow); the messuage belonging in Kinnerley (once of Thomas Griffithes, now of Elizabeth Reeves and John Griffiths and Thomas Bolas) and all lands belonging with the appurtenances in Kinnerley and lands in which John Bright, blacksmith, formerly lived, now in the holding of Dorothy Rogers, widow, except the smithy forge and shop. Thomas Rogers, snr. by his will of June 6, 1726 bequeathed to Mary Rogers his wife all the residue of his goods, chattels and money and personal estate and appointed her his executor, and soon after died, and she proved the will and took on the executorship whereby she became entitled to the sum of £100 and interest. Mary Rogers by her Will OF February 28, 1736 bequeathed the £100 and interest to Richard Jones and Edward Williams in trust to dispose and pay the same to such persons as is therein mentioned, and appointed Richard Jones and Edward Williams her executors, and soon died, and they proved her will and took on the executorship; and Edward Williams has since died, so Richard Jones is entitled to the £100 and interest, and Thomas Rogers, jnr. is entitled to the freehold and inheritance of the mortgaged premises as heir at law of Thomas Rogers, decd. … On an account this day stated and signed between Richard Jones, Elizabeth Reeves, widow, and Ann Payn, spinster, the 2 only daughters now living and heirs at law of the late John Payne, decd, there is now due for principal and interest to Richard Jones £116 11s 6d. … Signed and sealed: Richard Jones’ (38).

The identity of Elizabeth Reeve’s husband is given in this lease, of June 1/2, 1716,’of a messuage in Kinnerley (John Williams and Elizabeth Peever widow), 1 butt in Bankefield, 1 butt in Kinnerley field (5 pecks sowing), 1 butt in Dovaston field (2 strikes sowing), 1 butt in Oakefield (3 strikes sowing), parcel in Cockshutt field (2 strikes sowing) … subject to mortgage proviso. ‘1. John Payne of Argoid gent. 2. Payne Tuder of Shrewsbury baker. Cons: £40. Signature of John Payne. Witnesses: Catherine Jones, Thomas Reeves, Elizabeth Payne’ (39). Catherine Jones may have been the wife of Richard Jones, married in 1672, aforementioned, with Thomas Reeves being her brother-in-law.

Thomas Reeves left a number of children, but only the names of two are known, as this deed of equity release of December 31, 1743 informs: ‘1. Elizabeth Reeves, widow, of Kinnerley, Ann Payne, spinster, of Kinnerley, 2 of the daughters of John Payne late of Argoyd, gent. decd.John Griffiths, shoemaker, of Kinnerley, as well on behalf of himself as on behalf of his son John an infant of c. 5 yrs. by Catherine his late wife decd, another daughter of John Payne, which 3 daughters were co-partners and heirs of John Payne. 2. Thomas Thornes, gent. of Argoyd. … a judgement against Payne at a court at Westminster … deed poll executed April 8, 1719, assigned to Thomas Reeves, yeoman, of Argoyd … and Thomas Reeves is long since dead and appointed his wife and eldest son his executors also both long since died intestate. Administration of the goods of Thomas Reeves was on the 16th of this Dec. granted to Ann the wife of Thomas Bolas of Doveston, yeoman, one of the daughters of Thos. Reeves in order to entitle her to and recover the principal money and interest due on the bond and judgement assigned as aforesaid, it or part of it not having been paid to Thos. Reeves’ (40).

Peter Rowlett, aforementioned, was of a family that had connections to both the Harris family of Cruckton and the Ligon family of Worcestershire: 1. Rowland Jay, of Jay, on the Shropshire/Herefordshire border, m. Isabella … 1.1. Elianora Jay. m. Thomas Jennings ‘of Welborn; his sister m. Richard Harris of Cruckton. 1.2. Elizabeth Jay, m. Robert Knight of Shrewsbury. 1.2.1 Johanna Knight, m. Ralph Rowlett, merchant of the Staple of Calais, obit. 1542. Ralph Rowlett, b. by 1513, 1st s. of Ralph Rowlett (Sheriff of Herefordshire), of London and St. Albans, by 1st w. Jane Knight. educ. G. Inn, adm. 1533. m. (1) by 1544, Dorothy (obit. 1557), dau. of John Bowles of Wallington, Herts. He was succ. by his heirs, four nephews and two nieces, children of his five sisters, whose inheritances were ratified in his Will of July 28, 1566. Ralph Rowlett Sr. m. (2), Elizabeth Latham, in 1521, dau. of Ralph Latham of Little Munden: The Rowletts of Herefordshire may have stemmed from this marriage, and are named in the following court cases: ‘Rowlett v Scudamore. Plaintiffs: Samuel Rowlett, Katherine Rowlett his wife, Richard Langford and Mary Langford his wife (who reasonably can be assumed to be of the Langford family intermarried with the Harris of Cruckton). Defendants: Sir John Scudamore baronet. Subject: property in Ivington, and Leominster, Herefordshire. 1678′ (41). ‘Plaintiffs: John Scudamore Viscount Scudamore of Sligo. Defendants: Katherine Norgrave, widow of John, Samuel Rowlett, Richard Laneford, John Colbatch, Fabian Philipps, … Digges, and others. Subject: property in Ivington, and Hope under Dinmore, Herefordshire. 1677′ (42). Katherine Rowlett was probably the dau. of Katherine Norgrave, bapt. May 10, 1621, dau. of Thomas Barneby (d. 1648), and Elizabeth Ingram, of Bedwardine, Worcestershire, the sister of Henry Ingram, named in the following deed of 1623: ‘Worcester City, Broadheath, Rushwick, Bromyard, Herefs., Knightwick, Shrawley, Wichenford and Welland. Indenture between William Ingram of Earl’s Court (in Worcester City), esquire, Henry Ingram, his eldest son and heir apparent, John Culpeper of Astwood (in Worcester City), esquire, and Dame Elianor Blount, late wife of Sir George Blount, knight, deceased, now wife of the said John Culpeper, James Ingram of London, esquire, and Richard Ligon of London, gentleman, being a settlement previous to the marriage of the said Henry Ingram and Elianor one of the daughters of the said Sir George Blount and Dame Elianor Blount of the manor place, mansion house or capital messuage of the said William Ingram called Earl’s Court, in Worcester City’ (43). Richard Ligon was a first-cousin of Arnold L1gon, who married the relict of his first-cousin, Richard L1gon of Madresfield, Esq., obit. 1584.

The Ligon connection is evident here: In 1689, Peter Rowlett was a juror on a case in which Hugh Ligon, son of Mary (Harris) Ligon, who had sued ‘Mr. Gilbert Platt and Mary his wife for scandalous words spoken by the said Mary.’ Mary Platt was the widow of Joseph Tanner and mother of Mary (Tanner) Ligon, who was the widow of Hugh’s brother, William Ligon, deceased. Mary (Tanner) Ligon’s daughter married Peter Rowlett’s son. The Rowletts were an armigerous family: ‘Rowlet, gu. on a chev. betw. three hernshaws, ar. as many lions, rampant, of the field. Rowlett, gu. on a chev. betw. two chevronels ar. three lions, rampant, of the field’. Rowlet, gu. on a chev. betw. three hernshaws, ar. as many lions, rampant, of the field’ (44).

(1.Richard Ligon, m. Margaret Greville. 1.1. William Ligon, m. Eleanor Dennys. 1.1.1. Richard Ligon, m. (1) Mary, dau. of Sir Thomas Russell. William Ligon, m. Elizabeth Harwell, dau. of Edward Harwell of Besford. William Ligon, the younger, of Madresfield, m. Elizabeth, dau. and coheiress of John Pleydell, Esq. Margaret Ligon, b. 1614, m. Thomas Moore, son of Richard More of Linley and Larden, d. 1643, Sheriff Shrop. 1619, and Sarah Harris, sister of Sir Thomas Harris, Bart of Boreatton. 1.1.1. Richard Ligon, m. (2) Margaret, dau. of Sir John Talbot, of Salwerpe and Grafton. John Ligon, of Arle, co. Gloucester, b. 1581, d. Sept. 21, 1644, m. his cous., Elizabeth Ligon, dau. of Arnold Lygon. Katharine Ligon, m. Fleetwood Dormer, Esq. He m.(2) Mary Harris, dau. of …. niece of Rowland Harris, and first-cousin of Thomas Harris, b. Ludlow, Shropshire, 1603. 1.1.2. Thomas Ligon, m. Frances Dennys (cousin). Thomas Ligon, m. Oct. 10, 1602, Elizabeth Pratt. Col. Thomas Ligon, m. Mary Harris.  1.2. Anne Ligon, m. Christopher Savage. Anne Ligon, the daughter of Sir Richard Ligon (1491-1556) and Margaret Greville (d. 1542), one of the three daughters and co-heiresses of Sir William Greville (obit. 1512), Justice of the Common Pleas. Anne Ligon’s brother, William Ligon (obit, September 1567), was the father of Margaret Ligon (obit. 1617), who married, firstly, as his second wife, Sir Thomas Russell (obit. 1574) of Strensham, by whom she had issue, Thomas Russell (1570-1634), overseer of the will of William Shakespeare. 1.2.1. Francis Savage, Will, P.C.C., July 4, 1558, of Elmley Castle, Worcester, m. Anne Sheldon, (1528-October 25, 1619), the dau. of William Sheldon (Will proved February 10, 1572), of Beoley, by his first wife, Mary Willington, dau. of William Willington of Barcheston, Warwickshire. Anne Sheldon m. 2. Anthony Daston. (obit. July 19, 1572), of Wormington, Gloucestershire. By this marriage she had issue, Anne Daston, who, on April 23, 1584, m. Ralph Huband, of Stratford upon Avon, from whom in 1605 William Shakespeare purchased for £440 a half share in the Stratford tithes, the other half being owned by Thomas Combe, who m. Mary Bonner, (obit April 5, 1617), dau. of Christopher Savage’s sister sister, Bridget Savage. Ralph Huband was a cousin of Thomas Nash, whose sons Anthony and John were legatees in Shakespeare’s will. Mary Savage, m. John Washborn. He m. 2. Elianor Lygon. He was the son of Anthony Washbourne (1527-1570), esquire, of Wichenford, Worcestershire. In 1617 their grandson, William Washbourne, and Shakespeare’s fellow Globe Theatre shareholder, Henry Condell, purchased property in Brockhampton, Gloucestershire, from John Savage of Broadway, son of Anthony Savage (d.1587). Walter Savage, of Broadway, Worcester, m. Elizabeth Hall,* (1561-1648), dau. of ‘Richard Hall, of Idlecote, co. Warwick, gent’, obit. 1602, and his wife, Joyce Blount, the dau. of Robert Blount (obit. 1573), of Astley, Worcestershire, and his wife, Anne Fisher. ‘Marriage settlement of said Richard and Joyce Hall, and also of Walter Savage, one of the sons of Anne Daston, widow, wife of Anthony Daston, esquire, deceased, and formerly the wife of Francis Savage, esquire, also deceased – and Elizabeth Savage, now wife of the said Walter Savage and one of the daughters and heiress apparent of the said Richard Hall. Conveyance by Richard Hall to Anne Daston, William Savage, esquire, and Anthony Savage, gent., two of the sons of said Anne, and brothers of the said Walter, of a farm in Swarforde, co. Oxon, called Lyons Place, and … three closes in Stretforde-upon-Avon’.*She m. 2. Simon Underhill of Idlicote (1589-1664), son of William Underhill of Idlicote, Warwickshire, owner of New Place in Stratford upon Avon, which he sold to William Shakespeare in 1597, and his second son, Hercules Underhill, confirmed the sale in 1602. Ralph Savage. Captain Anthony Savage, m. Sarah Constable of Datchet, Buckinghamshire, dau. of Francis Constable, bookseller. Maj. Thomas Youell sold a part of a patent at Nominy to William Strouder (Orders 1690-1698, p. 107, Westmoreland Co., VA), who m. Dorothy, dau. of Captain Anthony Savage. William Strouder, son of the said William Strouder and Dorothy Savage, m. his first-cousin, Margaret Thornton. Their mothers, Dorothy (Savage) Strouder and Alice (Savage) Thornton, being a sister and daughter of Captain Anthony Savage. The Strouders were most likely of a family local to the Thorntons of Kempsey, 14 miles from Elmley, the home of the Savage family).

Mary (Harris) Ligon was the mother of Hugh Ligon, who married a daughter of William Walthall, a family connected to the Dormers of Buckinghamshire: William Walthall married Anne, a probable daughter of George Archer, neighbour of Major william Harris. ‘At a Court holde at Fort Henry, 15 Jan 1656. Present: Col. Abraham Wood (Grandfather of Anne Archer), Mr William Baugh (neighbour of Major William Harris), Mr William Walthall, Mr George Worshan’. William Walthal purchased 750 acres from John Baugh (brother of william)m and was granted 850 adjoining acres for paying for passage of seventeen persons to Virginia.The tract was east of the confluence of Swift Creek and the Appomattox River. William Walthall was living on August 2, 1669, when Raphael Throckmorton, of London, bequeathed to ‘My dear wife’s brother, Mr William Walthall, now living in Virginia, 10 pounds’. This wife was Dina Walthall, baptised February 14, 1610, in Saint Pancras Lane, London, daughter of Richard Walthall. William Walthall was deceased by May 15, 1672, as shown by a patent of that date, to John Stewart, for 600 acres ‘beginning at a great branch of ye Ashen Swamp, where the orphans of William Walthall, there head line extendeth’. The children of William walthall are given in court case: ‘We, William Walthall, Richard Walthall, Henry Walthall, sons of William Walthall, deceased, and of full age and Hugh Ligon, in right of Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of ye said deceased, do hereby acknowledge to have received of our mother, Anne Morris, widow, relicts and executrix of ye said deceased, all and every of our full share and portion, due and according to us out of said decedant’s estate. Witness our hands this 23rd Jan 1689′. Signed: William Walthall, Richard Walthall, Henry Walthall, Hugh Ligon. Raphael Throckmorton was the brother of George Throckmorton, who married Jane Dormer, daughter of William Dormer, of Eyethrope, in Waddesdon, Bucks., son of Robert Dormer: ‘The Dormers of Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire were prosperous wool merchants. Robert Dormer probably gained experience in the family business with his uncles Michael and Peter Dormer, merchants of the staple’ (45). To repeat: Margaret Fleetwood m. Peter Dormer, their son, Sir Fleetwood Dormer, m. Mary Isham; their son, Fleetwood Dormer, m. (2) Mary Harris, of Cruckton, his first wife being Katherine Ligon, second-cousin of Thomas Ligon, husband of Mary (Harris) Ligon.

The relationship of Thomas Harris, born 1603, in Ludlow, to his Langford cousins, may inform of a distinct strand of genealogy that reached from Shropshire to Virginia, and Place Major William Harris within its fold: 1. Richard Langford, obit. 1580. 1.1. Thomas Langford, attorney of the Foxe family.  Jane Langford, bapt. Oct. 10, 1567, m. (Sept. 14, 1595) Rowland Harris of Ludlow, d. 1605. Thomas Harris, bapt. Sept. 4, 1603. Major William Harris (I assume). Thomas Langford. William Langford, m. Jane Jordan. Thomas Langford, of New Kent County, Virginia, who appears in this land grant: ‘Robinson, John. September 22, 1682. New Kent County. granted 1,252 acres on the Dragon Swamp and branches thereof. Beginning &c. belonging to the land of Thomas Langford; thence &c. over certain branches of Arracxicoe to a Corner Red Oak by the Mill Path’ (46). 1.2. Richard Langford, burgess of Ludlow. 1.2.1. Edward Langford, tenant of the Foxe family in Mellington. 1.3. Joan Langford, m. Richard Hopton. 1.3.1. William Hopton, of Hopton and Dounton (s.l. 1563), m. Elizabeth Fox, dau. of William Fox, of Ludlow. John Hopton, merchant, of Southampton. Elizabeth Hopton, m. Thomas Jeffries, whose sister, Mary Jeffries, m. Edward Baugh, a cousin of William Baugh, neighbour of Major William Harris in Virginia. The relationships between these Baughs being reinforced by intermarriages into the same families – the uncle of William Baugh of Virginia being m. to Eleonor Copely, dau. of Thomas Copely, of Bredon’s Norton; her sister, Susanna Copley, was the grandmother of Mary Jeffries, wife of Edward Baugh.

The Jurden family of Shropshire were tenants of the Luttleys, as this deed of May 14, 1605 shows: ‘1. John Spyttull of the Meyre, p. Enfeild, co. Staff., yeoman Edmund Billingsley of same, gent. 2. Thomas Jurden, citizen and skinner of London of m. or tmt. in the Meyre with apps … All in lordship of Lutteley’ (47).

The Jurden family were also tenants of the Cressets, and this brought an association to the family of Richard Cocke of Bremo, as here shown: Thomas Holland, m. Alicia, ‘fil. Thomas Cocke of Pickthorne.’ Richard Cocke of Bremo was baptised in Sidbury, Shropshire, on Dec. 13, 1597; the son of Thomas Cocke of Pickthorn. One of Richard’s sons, Col. Thomas Cocke, ‘friend’ of Major William Harris, named his home ‘Pickthorne Farms’. Thomas Holland’s br., George Holland of Purslow, m. Cecilia Lutley, dau. of Adam Lutley of Bromcroft, by his wife, Elizabeth Cresset, dau. of Robert Cressett, son of Richard Cressett of Upton Cressett, near Bridgnorth, Shropshire, and Jane Wrottesley, dau. of Richard Wrottesley, Esq., Sheriff of Staffordshire, and Dorothy Sutton. Adam Lutley’s sister was Joyce Lutley, who m. John Holland., b. 1535; he being John Holland Sr., enfeoffed in Lamberhurst, Kent, ancestor of Michael Holland of Goochland.

As stated, Thomas Langford, cousin of Thomas Harris of Ludlow, b. 1603, m. Jane Jurden: Deed declaring the use of a fine levied by Edward Lutwyche: ‘1. Edward Lutwyche of Lutwyche, Esq. 2. William Jurden of Felhampton, Thomas Langford of Stone Acton. 3. Edward Jurden of Wooston. Whereas Edward Lutwyche by deed of 30 April 5 Charles I (1629) demised to William Jurden a messuage in Stone Acton and buildings and lands, then or late in the tenure of John Worde (Ward), John Fox and common of pasture for all manner of cattle belonging to the premises. To hold to William Jurden for 99 years if Richard Jurden and Edward Jurden, sons of William Jurden and Jane, daughter of William, so long live at the yearly rent of £4. Whereas Edward Lutwyche by deed of 10 July 21 James I (1623) demised to Thomas Langford, Alice his wife and William their son a house in Stone Acton with buildings and lands belonging in Stone Acton, and common of pasture there. To Thomas Langford, Alice and William for their lives at the rents specified. December 27, 1632′ (48).

It can be noted that stone Acton was the habitation of a family of Fleming, as evidenced in these court cases: ‘Fleming v Haberley. Plaintiffs: Henry Fleming. Defendants: Edward Haberly. Subject: property in Stone Acton, Shropshire. 1649 (49). Fleming v Wrednall. Plaintiffs: Helen Fleming widow and John Fleming. Defendants: Anne Wrednall widow and others. Subject: property in Stone Acton, Shropshire. 1658′ (50).

This Samuel Jordan was likely to be of the same family of Shropshire Jordans: Will of Samuel Jordan of New Kent County Virginia, written October 2, 1718 & probated June 11, 1719 – ‘being weak of body … It is my will that my beloved friend John Fleming have the plantation of Thomas Langford, dec’d & the management of his estate & the bringing up of his son Thomas Langford as wholely to himself … executors wife Elizabeth (Fleming), friends Charles Fleming, John Fleming, Tarlton Woodson, and Thomas Pleasants’.

The lands of Thomas Langford, deceased, were determined in a report dated February 26, 1731 – ‘the line between Wm Bird esq. & Alex Cock cannot be found, Edward Hundley present for Wm Bird, present Henry Hix for Mr. Sam’l Welden, Daniel Patrick, William Harris, Jr. … William Ford hath got ye Lands of Langford’s Orphans’. Samuel Jordan was married to Elizabeth Fleming: ‘Quaker Marriage Certificate of Samuel Jordan of Nansemond County, VA, and Elizabeth Fleming, daughter of Charles Fleming of New Kent County, VA, married at the home of William Porter, Jr.’. Another Quaker marriage record is that of the said Thomas Langford Sr. and Martha West, daughter of Giles West, on 28 Feb. 1700, ‘at the home of the aforesaid people’ in New Kent Co. Groom and bride were both from New Kent County. Attending were Christopher Clark and Elizabeth Clark, Michael Johnson, and Sarah Johnson, Thomas Stanley, Charles Fleming, Rice Hughes, Robert Hughes, Sarah Hughes, and Susannah Fleming’.

William Harris Jr. was almost certainly the son of Major William Harris, recorded, as his brother, Thomas, with their step-father, George Alves: ‘The lands of Mr. Geo Alves, Nicho. Gentry, Chris Cawthorn, Mr. John Sym & Will’m Harris, Sam’l Gentry, of which Mr. Geo. Alves & Nicho. Gentry were Overseers, who made this return, the within Order comply’d with, by the persons Within namd, or their Order. Geo. Alves, Nicho. Gentry’. ‘The Lands of Mr. Geo Alves, Thos. Harris, Geo. Harris, Rich’d Clough, Geo. Dabney Junr., John Crenshaw & David Crenshaw, of which Mr. Geo Alves and Thos. Harris were Overseers who made this return, the above Order perform’d. Geo. Alves, Tho. Harris’ (51).

The Pleasants family had intermarried with the Cockes of Shropshire and Virginia. It is recorded that a ‘William Pleasance’ brought a law suit against the Bright family of Shropshire between 1603-1625, probably concerning land bought by William Pleasance, unfortunately all details are missing, yet it seems probable that this William Pleasance was the ancestor of the Pleasants family associated in Virginia with families from Shropshire.

Richard Cocke of Bremo was the grandfather of James Cocke, who m. Elizabeth Pleasants, dau. of John Pleasants. The Will of Richard Cocke Sr. states: ‘It. I give & bequeath to my Couzen Daniell Jordan as much manored land as he & his hands shall be able & well manned & with a Hoame during his life or abode in this Country’. He had married Temperance Bailey, dau. of Cecily Jordan, wife of Samuel Jordan. In that marriages often occurred within kinship groups, it is probable that Samuel Jordan was a member of the ‘Jurden’ family of Shropshire, into which the Langfords had intermarried, making them, thus, also ‘kin’ of Thomas Harris, born in 1603, in Ludlow, who did not appear after his baptism in his parish records, and who was the most likely father of Major William Harris.

These brief notes give enough information, it is hoped, to stimulate further enquiry as to how English kinship groups peopled Colonial America, and may serve to indicate the origins of such as Major William Harris, and members of the Jones and Reeves family .

The ancient ancestry of the Harris family of Cruckton will form the basis of the conclusion of this set of notes.

To be continued.

copyright m stanhope 2015


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