HARRIS ANCESTORS

 

                                                                                            THE ANCESTRY OF ROBERT JONES OF FLEET'S BAY

At first glance, many associations of Virginia settlers are a confusing mixture, with links to different geographical associations in England, yet, what is being observed are families connected to those in the 'Virginia trade'. A prime example of merchants involved in this trade were consortiums of ship owners and mariners of Devon, Bristol, and London. As an example, the London merchants, Sadler and Quiney, were associates of William Barker, of Bristol, and they patented land in Virginia. Sadler and Quiney were also associated with Governor George Yearwood, of St. Olave's, Southwark, and he to families of Combe, Griffin, Harris, Payne, and Powell, of the same parish. The family of Vassall were also prominently represented in Southwark, notably by Samuel Vassall, incorporator of the Massachusetts Company in 1628, and half-brother of Judith Vassall, the wife of John Jones.

These Southwark associations resonate through the descendants of the said John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, and point to people being associated through commercial ties, which led to familial associations. The ongoing marriages within English kinship groups in Virginia were a seventeenth-century means of survival.

John Harris and his father-in-law, John Haynie, associated with the will of Robert Jones, of Fleet's Bay, Northumberland County, VA, who died in 1676, were from Devon; John Harris being of the Harris family of Hayne, Devon, and they were much associated with the Paynes and Griffins of St. Olave's, Southwark, which may suggest that the Harris family of that place were a cadet of the Harris of Hayne. However that may be, the connection of Robert Jones to them was through his familial links to the (intermarried) families of Leighe and Burroughs, of Northam, Devon; the former family, however, was not the stem of the Lees who intermarried with the family of Robert Jones, as determined by their respective coats of arms.

John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London,  was a well educated man, fluent in Latin, who would have known his parishioner, 'William Pickerd of Saint Nicholas Acon, City of London' (PROB 11/107/199, March 7, 1606), whose descendants (as Pinchard) intermarried with his.

The descendants of John Jones, and their relationships, can perhaps be best viewed through the prism of his wife's family, the Vassalls: Although John Vassall has been given a French pedigree, stretching back to  ancient nobility, an all too common fabrication in genealogy, his memory would be better served by stating he was a mariner of Lymehouse, London, as recorded in this mortgage of December 1, 1595: 'Mortgage for £100 by Assignment of leases: John Shore, citizen and grocer of London to John Vassall of Lymehowse co. Middlesex, mariner:-- property as DD/P/87/1 (held by J.S. by Leases for 21 and 31 years under the Duchy of Lancaster) and the keepership of Munshull Park (held by J.S. for the life of Henry Cavendyshe of Tutberye, co. Staffs, esq.) --: Recites previous deeds. Witn. Thu. Parkin, Samuell Frysbie, Nicholas Browne' (Notts. Arch. 157 DD/P/87/2).

'He was of Ratcliff, Stepney, and of Eastwood, co. Essex, and was a vestryman of Stepney. He was three times m., first at Stepney on September 25, 1569, to Anna Hewes, who evidently d. sine prole. He then m. on Sept. 4, 1580, at Stepney, Anna Russell, of Ratcliff, co. Middlesex, who d. and was bur. there May 5, 1593, having had the following children : Judith, bapt. March 25, 1582, m. John Freeborne, of Prettlewell, co. Essex, yeoman, whose will dated Jan. 27, 1617-18, was proved by his widow Feb. 17, 1617-18 ; she was living April 29, 1625; John, bapt. at Stepney, April 1, 1584, bur. there Oct. 3, 1585; 2 Samuel, of whom hereafter; John, born March 24, d. Aug. 30, 1591; 3 William, of whom hereafter. On the death of his second wife John Vassall m. Judith, dau. of Stephen Borough, of Stepney (and and Northam, Devon), by Joan Overye, his wife, at Stepney, March 27, 1594, marriage licence dated March 23; she d. in Jan., 1638-9. She had m. firstly Thomas Scott, of Colchester, co. Essex, gent., her husband Vassall predeceased her, and was bur. in Stepney Church Sept. 13, 1625; his will was proved Sept. 13, 1625 (P.C.C., 99 Clarke) (see Dictionary of National Biography, vol. lviii, p. 155). ... Children of third marriage were Thomas, born April 7, 1602, m. at St. Nicholas Acons, London, June 27, 1625, marriage licence dated London, June 25, to Anne Dickenson; he was mentioned in his father's will, April 29, 1625, and was alive Aug. 29, 1650. Anne, born Jan. 10, 1595, bapt. at Stepney, Jan. 10, 1595, m. Rev. John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, of whose estate she was executrix and who d. at Highgate, co. Middlesex, May 14, bur. in St. Nicholas Acons May 15, 1636; will dated April 18, 1636, proved May 3, 1637, in the Consistory of London, 259 Allen; she d. and was bur. in St. Nicholas Acons July 24, 1640; will dated May 9, 1640, proved July 27, 1640 (P.P.C., 104 Coventory). Elizabeth, m. at St. Nicholas Acons, Jan. 20, 1625; licence dated Jan. 10, then aged 17 years, to Henry Church, of Wapping, co. Middlesex, mariner, aged about 22, Jan. 19, 1624-5, living May 9, 1640; she was mentioned in the will of Peter Andrewes, her brother-in-law, of Aug. 29, 1650. Rachel, m. Peter Andrewes, merchant, of London; she was the administratrix of her husband, whose will was dated Aug. 29, 1650, and on which administration was granted Oct. 3, 1650 (P.P.C., 104 Pembroke). Mary, m. Edward West, of Ratcliffe, mariner, who was living Nov. 9, 1638; she was mentioned in the will of her sister Anne, May 3, 1640.

Samuel Vassall, of St. George's, Southwark,  co. Surrey, and of Bedale, co. York, citizen and cloth worker, bapt. at Stepney June 5, 1586, an incorporator of the Massachusetts Company in 1628 and a patentee of lands in Massachusetts. He was M.P. of London in 1639-41, Commissioner of the Plantations in 1642. He m. Frances, the dau. of Abraham Cartwright, of St. Andrew's Undershaft, London, citizen and draper, by Joan his wife, dau. of William Wade, of Bilderson, co. Suffolk, clothier; she is mentioned in the will of her husband's stepsister, Rachael Vassall, Aug. 29, 1650 and had issue: Samuel, d. young sine prole; John, born 1619, m. Mary , and on his death sine prole she m. John Harvey, of Finningley Hall; Abraham, died young; Francis, living in 1667, m. Alice , and had issue Samuel, Francis, Henry, and Elizabeth, all living in 1664: Henry, d. sine prole in 1667, probably in Carolina, administration on his estate was granted to his brothers, Francis and Samuel Vassall, executors of deceased, pending a suit Oct. 3, 1667; Samuel, of St. George's, Southwark, living in 1667, m. April 24, 1660, to Margaret Wray, of St. Andrew's Undershaft, had one son, Samuel, living in 1664; Frances, d. young sine prole, and Mary, of St. George's, Southwark, m. first Robert Arnold, of St. Mary, Aldermary, in Oct.,1661, and on his death she m. secondly Charles Cliffe, who was living in 1667, and by whom she had a son living in 1664' (Charles Maclear Calder, 'John Vassall and his descendants').

Thus, it is most probable that the family of Vassall were 'cousins' of the Harris family of St. Olave's, Southwark: William Harris of St. Olave's, married (May 25, 1643) Elizabeth Arnell, who was very likely related to Anthony Arnell (Arnold), and they to Richard Arnold of London, a grantee of Arms in 1611, and member of the Haberdasher’s Company. The above mentioned Arms - Gules three pheons Argent on a chief of the last bar nebule Azure and for the Crest, a demi tiger Sable seme of bezants holding in his paws a broad arrow Gules feathered and headed Argent - were also entered in an official funeral certificate of 28 July 1621 for the above Richard Arnold 'gentlemen and free of the Haberdashers' who died 22 July 1621 and was buried at St. Martins within Ludgate, London' (A. Colin Cole, Windsor Herald of Arms). Anthony Arnell was a transportee of Thomas Harris, obit. 1672: March 2, 1658: 'Thomas Harris, 1000 acres, Isle of Wight Co. Upon a swamp running into the W. branch of Nansamond Riv., including 2 Indian fields. Trans. of 20 persons: John Hardy, Alexander Vaughn, Ann Lees, William Todd, Eliz. Jones, Mary Wood, John Davis, John Griffin, Fran. Anderson, Jno. Pew, Ann Greene, Eliza. Nusome, Weltin Harris, Anth. Arnold, Sam. Trobury, Alexander Cahill (Nugent, 'Cavaliers and Pioneers', vol. 1, p. 386) ... The link between Anthony Arnell and the Griffin-Harris-Williamson kinship group of St. Olave's, Southwark, is evidenced in these grants: August 23, 1669: 'John Cape, 830 acres New Kent Co. On North West side of Westopher (sic) Path adj. Mr. Math. Hill, to dividing line between this and James City Co., crossing a branch of ... along Mr.Thomas Marston, Mr. Booth, Lt. Col. Henry Gooch, the Rumney Marsh, Mr. Thomas Brereton and Anthony Arnold; 30 acres on East side of sd. Marsh adj. sd. Brereton and Wm. Griffin. Transport of 17 persons, named' (Nugent, ibid., vol. II, pp. 59-60). A significant factor here being that Robert Jones Jr. married Elizabeth Brereton, granddaughter of the said Thomas Brereton, Justice of Northumberland County, and lieutenant-colonel of the militia; the said Robert Jones being the son of Captain William Jones and Margaret Haynes, as follows. On November 18, 1714, Elizabeth Brereton chose Tho. Pinkard as her guardian.

(Steven Borough was born in Northam, Devon, in 1525, and was one of the masters of the Royal Navy. His younger brother, William, was born in 1536, and was Commander of the Golden lion, and a vice admiral of the navy under Sir Francis Drake in 1590. They were the sons of John Burrough, who died in 1570, aged 67, who made Agnes, his daughter, his heir. She married Thomas Leighe, of Northam. William Burrough was the author of 'A Discourse of the Variation of the Compas, or Magneticall Needle' (1581), and some of the charts he made are preserved at the British Museum).

An account of the ensuing relationships stemming from the marriage of Rector John Jones and Judith Vassall is summarised thus:

1. John Vassall: He is mentioned in the the Will of William Borough Esq., alias Burrows, proved November 28, 1598, an abstract being: 'And I give unto Judeth the wife of John Vassall and to Susan the wife of William Kinge, being my said brother's daughters, twenty pounds apiece ... To the poor of Stepney twenty pounds ... To the poor of Northham in Devonshire twenty pounds, to be employed in such sort as my cousin Thomas Leighe and some others of best credit of the said parish shall think fit. I do constitute, ordain and make Sir Henry Palmer, knight, my cousin, Mr. Thomas Leighe and my nephew John Vassall my executors ... '. John Vassall was a subscriber for two shares of stock in the Virginia Company with an investment of £25.10.0 in 1618. He married, firstly, on September 25, 1569, Anne Hewes; secondly, Anne Russell, of Ratcliffe; and, thirdly, Judith Burough, daughter of Stephen Burough and Joan Overye, of Stepney.

(1. Stephen Burrough.
1.1. John Borough (Atborough).
1.1.1. Thomasin Borough, m. John Hernaman.
1.1.2 Agnes Borough, m. Thomas Leigh, d. 1609.
1.2. Walter Borough, m. Mary Dough.
1.2.1. Stephen Borough, 1525-1584 (memorial plaque, St. Mary's Church,Chatham). His first wife was Eleonora, 'daughter of John Smithe of the parish of Clive' in Shropshire (probate records, february 1562, F.R.C., vol. 1, p. 36, f. 182 (1), p. 58). By his second wife, Joan Overye, of Stepney, he was the father of:
1.2.1.1. Judith Borough, m. John Vassall.
1.2.1.1.1. Anne Vassall, baptised at Stepney, January 10, 1597, bur. at St. Nicholas Acons, July 24, 1640, m. John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London. Reverend John jones, Rector of St. Nicholas Acons, October 27, 1612; Fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge, B.A, 1597; M.A, 1600; B.D, 1607; died at Highgate co. Middlesex, May 14; bur. in St. Nicholas Acons, May 15, 1636. 'John Jones of St. Nicholas Acons, London, clerk', Will proved May 3, 1637: 'To sons Allen Jones, Robert Jones, William Jones, Abraham Jones, Richard Jones, Samuel Jones, Thomas Jones, and Joseph Jones twelve pence apiece. All but Allen jones to have their  proportionate part of my lands which are to be sold. My wife Anne to have a double part and the rest divided  among them (except Allen). Anne to be sole executor' (Consistory Court, London, Allen 259).
1.2.2. William Borough. The Will of William Borowghe Esq., proved 28 November 1598: 'Whensoever it shall please God to call me out of this transitory life (if it be a Limehouse or near London and not far distant off or at the seas) I will that my body shall be buried in the parish church of Stebunheth, near unto the place where my first wife Judith lyeth, or in the Chancell. I covenanted before marriage between and Lady Jane Wentworth now my wife, to convey and assure to her, for term of her life, as for her jointure or in lieu of her dower, so much land as should be of the yearly value of fourscore pounds'. A letter written from Chatham shows he was occupied by 'the great business for the dispatch of Sir Martin Frobisher's ships to the sea ... in commission for the late Portugayle voyage' (BL, Harley MS 6994/104). It mentions too the 'business' (ibid.) of 'getting a good wife'. This was 'Lady Jane Wentworth, widow' (b. c.1541), the third wife of Thomas, Lord Wentworth (d. 1584). The marriage took place on September 8, 1589, at St. Dunstan's, Stepney. His will mentions his first wife, Judith Jones, née Pike* (d. c.1583), a widow of Stepney, whom he had married on November 17, 1571 and at whose side he was buried at St Dunstan's, Stepney. It shows his protestant faith, and that his pastoral concerns ranged from the poor of Stepney, granted £20, and the poor of Northam, also granted £20, to the victims of the Swallow's loss. The will also provided for his brother's widow and her three surviving daughters. The brethren of Trinity House were remembered with £10 towards a dinner. *She was the widow of Robert Jones, mariner, as deduced by his Will, dated May 22, 1570  (PROB/11/53/2), in which he names a son, William, a brother, John, and his wife, Judith, daughter of Thomas Pyke: 'Grant in fee simple to Judith Jones, relict of Robert Jones, Audrey Mershe, wife of John Mershe,* and Mary Pyke, the three sisters and heirs of Christopher Pyke, son and heir of Thomas Pyke ...' (C.P.R. 1571). *Church warden, with William Burrough, of St. Margaret, Lothbury, London. Robert Jones may be assumed to be the grandfather of John Jones, Rector of St. Nicholas Acons, by his son, William, or the said John Jones being the grandson of the brother of Robert Jones. However that may be, the following Richard Jones and John Jones may be presumed to be of the same Jones family: 'Francis Halley, son of Francis Halley, late of London, gent., deceased. Cousin Mary Day £25 and a gold ring and £10 for mourning ; cousin Jane Day ,£25 and a ring. Cousin Richard Day the same. Cousin Catherine Halley £50 and a ring. Cousin Edmund Halley silver watch to be put into his mother's hands and she to give it him when she thinks fitt. Cousin Richard Jones, son of John Jones, my scrutore and all my books. Grandfather Richard Pyke £10 to him and to my grandmother a ring, to her £10 for mourning. Uncle William Pyke £10 and a ring. Cousin Edmund Halley sen'r £10 and a ring, his wife Mary. £10. Residue to Uncle William Pyke. Grandfather Richard Pyke and uncle William Pyke, executors. Dated Oct. 22, 1717. Witnesses: Wm. Cooke, Sam. Hilman, John Hodgkins. Proved Aug. 5, 1718, by William Pyke, power reserved to Richard Pyke' (Commissary Court of London). Robert Jones, the testator of 1570, wrote his Will in the variable spelling of the time, in letters ending in customary loops and flourishes. It was a pious document, well composed, and signed by him, an obviously educated man).

1.1. Anne Vassall, daughter of Judith Burough, born January 10, 1595, buried July 24, 1640, married John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, who died May 14, 1636.

1.1.1. Robert Jones, died at Fleet's Bay, Northumberland County, Virginia. He is recorded in the registers of St. Nicholas Acons in a baptismal entry of October 22, 1618: 'Robert Jones the sonne of John Jones p'son of this p'ishe'. His brothers are also recorded, an entry of March 26, 1626 recording: 'Thomas Jons the sone of Mr John Jons Rector and Ano his wife'; other entries being: William Jones (1620), and Richard Jones (1621). The registers of St. Nicholas Acons also contain entries for families associated with the Jones in Virginia, such as the baptism of 'John Hewes the Soonne of Richard Hewes' in 1563; and of 'Thomas Dogget ye soonne of Thom: Dogget', on July 24, 1609. Mrs. Martha Jones, the wife of Robert Jones, was mentioned as executrix of Robert Hughes, on April 7, 1677. The Va. Historical Mag. gives an abstract of the Will of Daniel Lluellen, of Chelmsford, Essex, planter, dated February 6, 1663, in which his daughter is named as Martha Jones, and James Jauncey is named an executor (Va. Historical Mag., July, p. 53, 1905).

Mr. Robert Jones died in 1676, his Will being probated on March 1st of that year, naming 'my loving friends Mr. Thomas Haynes and Mr. George Flowers' to be overseers; and witnesses 'Benj. Doggit' and 'Mathew Burrowes'. Mrs. 'Martha Jones exc'rx' was granted administration, her securities being Col. St. Leger Codd and Mr. Jno Harris; her appraisers being 'Mr. John Haynie, Maj. Thos. Brereton, and Mr. Edward Porteus'. Essentially, the colonisation of Virginia was achieved through the recreation of English parishes, complete with the kinship relationships they contained. (John Harris was the son-in-law of John Haynie).

The association of the Jones family with that of Luellin is perhaps explained by the almost certain origin of Sergeant John Harris being St. Olave's, Southwark, also the home of the Newsum, Spencer, and Sheppard families of Virginia, and of associated families heretofore given, which suggests that the family of John Jones, the rector of St. Nicholas Acons, may have had blood kin of this parish, as well as ...

Capt. Daniel Luellin was granted 636 acs. in Chas. City Co., on March 10, 1655, 'on the head of Sherly hundred, commonly known by the name of Rich Levell, E. upon land of Mr. Walter Aston, & N. upon his own land; & 200 acs. in or near Shirly hundred, which was in possession of Edward Gardner, dec'd., N. upon 40 acs. of land purchased of Edward Madison, & S. upon land lately belonging to Serjant John Harris; 63 acs. in Sherly hundred, beg. at land of sd. Luellins ... next towards Sherly hundred maine. 270 acs. by patent dated 26 Oct. 1650; 200 acs. by patent 11 July 1653; 63 acs. purchased of Dorothy Baker, the relict of John Baker (Barker, relative of William Barker, aforementioned); 63 acs. purchased of Michael Turpin ... (Nugent, C&P, vol. 1, p. 317).

1.1.1.1. Captain William Jones, husband of Sarah Jauncey. On March 21, 1694, the three brothers Capt. Wm. Jones, Samuel and Robert, united in a suit against Mr. Jno. Eustace for trespassing. Samuel Jones died in October of 1697 without male issue, and a few months after, Capt. Wm. Jones was appointed administrator of his deceased brother, and petitioned the court to appoint as appraisers Hancock Lee, Chas. Lee, Jno. Curtis, Thos. Curtis, and James Haynes. Robert Jones had married Elizabeth Brereton.

1.1.1.1.1. Captain Willam Jones, who died in 1741, in Northumberland Co., married Leeanna Lee, dau. of Charles Lee, Sr. and Elizabeth Medstand. Charles Lee was the son of Richard Lee and Anne Constable, and a very strong indication of his association to the Lees of Coton, Shropshire, is evidenced by several members of that family also having residence in St. Olave's, Southwark, from whence many of this account originated or had connection.

1.1.1.1.1.1. William Jones, of Faquier County, Virginia. His Will was proved December 22, 1800 (W.B. 3, p.320), naming wife Mary, sons James and William, and daughters Cary, Hannah, Sarah, and Lucretia. William Jones was a tenant of Col. Robert H. Lee: Lease between Col. R. H. Lee of Westmoreland Co and William Jones ... for yearly rent of 247 acres ... Signed Richard Henry Lee. Recorded May 24, 1764 (Fauquier Co. D.B. 2, pp. 1-33, April 9.1764).

1.1.1.1.1.1.1. William Jones, of Bourbon and Warren counties, Kentucky, married Elizabeth Shanks, widow of Daniel Gillespie, and daughter of Christian Shanks, whose estate was assessed by Thomas Strother. The Strothers were also associated with the descendants of George Jones of Rappahannock, who might reasonably be presumed to be of close association of Thomas Jones, as follows, brother of Robert Jones Sr. of Fleet's Bay.

1.1.1.2. Elizabeth Jones, married Thos. Haynes.

1.1.2. Thomas Jones. In 1664, Thomas Ligon patented land adjacent to the land of Thomas Jones which lay along Powell’s Creek, in Bermuda Hundred. In January 1662, Thomas Jones claimed headrights for nine people, including William Flowers, of Bristol: June 20, 1668: 'Know all men by these presents that I Walter Baker of Bristoll, wollens draper, have nominated and appointed my loving freind Wm. Morgan of ye Citty of Bristoll, mercht. my true and lawfull attorney for me to sue, receive and recover of Wm. Flower, late of ye Cittie of Bristoll and now of Wickocomicoe or thereabouts in ye Country of Virginia, farmer'. March 8, 1663: 'Job Edmonds bound to pay unto Wm. Flower or his assignees, 'the full sume of two thousand six hundred and fourty pounds wt. of sound merchantable tobacco in caske at or before the 10th day of November next ... As security he promises to bind over the plantacon I now live on in Wiocomococ ... being two hundred acres of land ... Wit.: Jo. Haynie, Andrew Pettigrew' (Virginia County Court Records: Deed and Will Abstracts of Northumberland County, Virginia, 1666–1670, p. 41). Northumberland County Court, convened on May 20, 1685: 'A Commission of Administration is granted John Flowers of the Estate of his deceased father William Flowers, he giving security for his due Administration to Law. Bond: John Flowers, Mr. John Harris, and Mr. Ebenezer Sanders do oblige themselves jointly and separately in the penal sum of thirty thousand pounds of tobacco and cask to the Justices of this County, that the said Flowers shall duly administer upon his deceased father's estate and exhibit an inventory therof according to law'. Thomas Jones, married Mary Repps; she married 2. Edward Skerme. 'We Mary Skerm of Bermooda Hundred, Henrico Co., and Thomas Jones, my son, agree to peacably occupy land which was my husband’s, Thos. Jones, dec’d, bounded by the river and the high road, called The Hundred Path, equally. Mary Skerme to hold the part joining the creek toward Wm Ligon, and Thomas Jones, the part joining the swamp, next to Edward Stratton'. Rec. Aug. 1684.

1.1.2.1. Elizabeth Jones, married Philip Turpin.

1.1.2.2. Martha Jones, married 1. John Branch, 2. Thomas Osborne.

1.2. William Vassall, mother Anne Russell.

1.2.1. Anne Vassall, married, before July 1655, Nicholas Ware of Rappahannock County, merchant, who was named executor of the will of her father.

1.2.2. John Vassall, appears as a headright in the land patents of Virginia on August 20, 1650; 560 a. described as 'Lyeing upon the third swamp SW by W from Henry White's plantation'. Other headrights included: Wm. Batts, associated with William Powell, of St. Olave's, Southwark, and Richard Walton, whose family had imtermarried with the Underwoods of the same place. John Vassall was chosen as guardian, on February 24, 1670, by his nephew, John Ware, who was: 'Major John Weire of Rappahannock Co., Va: 'To wife Honoria, dower rights' (Maryland Wills, Liber 9, folio 78). By September, 1684, his widow had married George Jones of Rappahannock, and was acting as Administratix of Jones' estate (Rappahannock DB, 1683-1686, p. 40). George Jones had been a co-administrator in 1679 with Amory Butler of the estate of Col. John Catlett, husband of of Elizabeth Underwood, sister of Col. Wm. Underwood, whose widow, Elizabeth, had married Archdale Combs, of St. Olave's, Southwark. George Jones was the father of John Jones: 'In the Name of God Amen. I John Jones of Richmond County, Smith ... Item: I give unto my loving wife Ann Jones two feather beds ... I give to my son John Jones one hundred and fifty two acres of land which I bought of Nathanl Vickars ... I give to my son George one Negro man named Tom ... I give to my son Richard Jones my dwelling plantation and land thereto belonging to bind upon the south side of the western branch of Muddy Creek ... I give to my son Edward Jones ye plantation whereon he lives to him and his heirs forever and a suit of clothes' (King George County, W.B. A, 1721-1752, p. 37). His son, John Jones: 'Know all men we James Grant and Catherine his wife Parish of Brunswick King George County are bound unto James Hewett ... in sum one hundred pounds current money of Virginia ... 24th January 1743. Condition ... that whereas Catharine wife to the sd Grant & Relict of John Jones by the will of John Jones deceased has some pretension to land given by said Jones will to his son John Jones by him sold to William Flowers .. and by said Flowers sold to said James Hewett .. and whereas Grant and Catharine .. being unwilling to engage themselves in a doubtful Law suit do therefore ... for sum Twenty shillings current money ... oblige themselves to make a good title ... Presence Nicholas Strother, James Grant, James Strother, Anth. Haynie, Catharine Grant. At a court held 4th January 1744 . .. Bond recorded. This 24th January wee the subscribers do testify that we heard Catharine Grant, Mother to John Jones, that sold his land to William Flowers say that her son was twenty one years old & upwards near 22 years of age at time of sale ... Nicholas Strother, James Jones, Anth. Haynie, James Strother'.

John Jones held a Crown stipend. He would have relied on two elected churchwardens to run the day-to-day business of his parish, who were usually educated members of the local elite. A common sermon of Puritan clerics involved with those emigrating to Virginia was from the seventh chapter of the second book of Samuel: 'I will appoint a place for my children Israel, and I will plant them'. John Jones may have encouraged his congregation to become 'trees of rightiousness' in the new land, wishing that his descendants followed this dictum.

copyright m stanhope 2015

Ad.

Here followeth the names of the 24 men chosen nominated and appointed the first of Decembr in the yeare of our Lord God 1576 by the consent & agremt of the Pishoners of Northam for appointinge ordering and disposing of all things and matters whatsoever concerning or in anywise appertaining to or for the church matters there and the general beho of use and commoditye of the whole Pishe. William Leighe, ffrancis Yeo, John Byshoppe, John Willett, William Clowe, John Upcott, John Dothacotte, William Blackmore, William Chaple, William Vallett, Thoms Leigh, John Braunton, Peter Boroughe, Thoms Whiston, John Tracye, Willm Wolridge, John Blackmore, Peter Collemore, John Whipton, Mark Dothecote, Willm Heard, John Titherleighe, Richard Bennett, William Bennett.

                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                       JONES NOTES

 These are accompanying notes to those concerning Robert Jones of Fleet's Bay.

1.Robert Jones, mariner, as deduced by his Will, dated May 22, 1570 (PROB/11/53/2), in which he names a son, William, a brother, John, and his wife, Judith, daughter of Thomas Pyke.
1.1. William Jones. Captain of 'the Crane', an English navy ship that patroled the English Channel in 1602, replacing Thomas Mansell (Dr. C. S. Knighton, Professor David Loades, eds. The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I, p. 473, 2011), a likely younger brother of Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England, who mentions 'Capt. Jones' in his tract of 1602, “A true report of the service done upon certain gallies passing through the narrow seas; written to the Lord High Admirall of England, by Sir Robert Mansell, Knight, Admiral of Her Majesty's forces in that place". The contributor of Archaeologia Cambrensis (1873), in which this is published, either assumed Capt. Jones to be of the Jones family of Fonmon, being from the same locality as the Mansells and having their patronage, or knew some detail of a kinship link which he did not specify. Robert Mansell served in the 1596 raid on Cadiz under the Earl of Essex, 'the Crane' being deployed in this action.
1.1.1. John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, m. Anne Vassal, will pr. 27 july 1640 - 'to son William Jones my little gilt silver tankard which my husband's father took in Cadiz'. The families to which John Jones was allied through marriage were much connected to the English Navy: Stephen Burough's brother, William, served Elizabeth I., being " Controller of Her Navy at Sea," 1583; and as second in command to Drake in the expedition to Cadiz, 1587. John Jones's father-in-law, John Vassell, fitted out at his own expense, and commanded, two ships: the 'Samuel' and 'Little Toby', with which he joined the English Navy to oppose the Spanish Armada. It only remains to discover a kinship connection between the Jones and Mansell families which explains the patronage of the latter of the former. Such patronage, it can be noted, being allied to the purchasing of English Navy commissions.

I have commenced the following genealogical summary with what is probably more true than not, and a factor which strongly suggests this is the repeated intermarriages of the same families over time - a kinship group in operation, promoting and protecting wealth within its member families.

A factor of Welsh genealogies is their oral tradition, which passed down details of ancestry through the medium of collective memory. This was made more easy through the Welsh practice of naming yoursel as 'the son of', as in the example, given as follows, of Einion ap Llywarch being described as 'ap Cynhaethwy ap Gwrwared ap Seisyllt ap Rhun ap Llywarch ap Rhiryd ap Mor ap Pasgen'. Such recitals tended to be static and conservative, with information being easily checked for alteration within the collective memory-world. A Welsh term for this recitational learning was  cyfarwyddyd (cer-var-with-id), a word now mwaning 'instructions', but in the medieval period probably meant 'testimony'. The testimonial nature of Welsh genealogies, censored only by collective memory, were more likely accurate than English ones which were often 'composed' by lords to support a claim to ancient status.

These notes commence with the genealogical 'cyfarwyddyd' of Catherine Morgan, wife of Henry Jones, of Abermarlais. They follow Bartrum, and other modern authorities, who augment the work of Dwnn and other bygone genealogists with a critical analysis, that filters out the confounding of two people with the same name, through historical benchmarks.

                                                                                                   CATHERINE FERCH ROWLAND AP WILLIAM

1. Howell Ap Guillem (br. Thomas Ap Guillem, m. Maud Morley, dau of Sir John Morley; had issue: William Ap Thomas, who m. 2. Gwladys, daughter of Sir Dafydd Gam - she the relict of 1. Sir Roger Vaughan, 2. William Thomas - had issue  William Herbert, 1st E. Pembroke (The Complete Peerage vol. x, p. 400, note b).
1.1. Jenkin Ap Howell, m. Constance v. Roger Vychan (Vaughan).
1.1.1. David Ap Jenkin, m. Margaret Huntley.
1.1.1.1. Thomas Ap David, m. Margaret Kemys.
1.1.1.1.1. John Ap Thomas, of Treowen, m. 1. (1481) Anne v. David ap Gwillim Morgan, Esq., of Arxton, Herefordshire 
1.1.1.1.1.1. William Jones, m.1. Constance Morgan, dau. of Thomas Morgan, Esq., and sister of Rowland Morgan, Esq. of Macliin
1.1.1.1.1.1. Issue: John, his heir; William; Charles; and Walter.
1.1.1.1.1.1. William Jones, m.2. Anne, dau. of Sir Walter Hawley, Knt. of Sussex, and by her had Philip, of London, and Llanarth; John; and Elizabeth.
1.1.1.1.1.1. William Jones, m.3. Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Herbert, Esq. of Penkully, and had another son, namely, William, and a dau., Blanch, who m. Rowland Morgan, Esq. of Machen, and conveyed the estate of Castle Arnold to the Morgans (John Burke, Heraldic Dictionary, 1847).
1.1.1.1.1.1.1. Blanche Jones, m. Rowland Morgan.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1. Catherine Morgan, m. Henry Jones, of Abermarlais, b. 1532, 1st. s. of Sir Thomas Jones of Abermarlais* by his 2nd w. Mary, da. of James Berkeley of Thornbury, Glos., wid. of Thomas Perrot of Haverfordwest, Pemb.; bro. of Richard Jones and half-bro. of Sir John Perrot. m. (1) by 1553, Elizabeth (d. 10 Aug. 1571), da. of Matthew Herbert of Cogan Pill, Glam., at least 1s. Sir Thomas; (2) Eleanor, da. of Henry, 2nd Earl of Worcester, wid. of Sir Roger Vaughan of Porthaml, Brec.; (3) 31 Aug. 1584, Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Salusbury of Lleweni, Denb., wid. of John Salesbury of Rûg, Merion. At least 1s. illegit, Kntd. 1553; suc. fa. 1558/9.2 (The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff). *s. of John ap Thomas ap Gruffydd of Abermarlais by Eleanor, da. of Thomas Vaughan of Brodorddyn, Carm. Bindoff states that Sir Thomas Jones of Abermarlais had 'at least three sons', repeating Dwnn, Vis. Wales, i., 189, 222).

Sir Henry Johnes of Abermarlais, Sheriff of Carmarthen, m. Elizabeth Herbert of Castell Trefaldwyn, dau. of  Matthew Herbert, and Mary Gamage, of Coity, Pen-y-Bont Ar Ogwr, Morgannwg, dau. of Sir Thomas Gamage and Margaret St. John of Swansea. Matthew Herbert was the brother of Cecilia Herbert, who m. Sir Thomas Morgan, High Sheriff of Monmouth. Knighted at the Siege of Boulogne, January 20, 1544, they the issue of Sir George Herbert of Swansea and Elizabeth de Berkeley, of Beverstone Castle. Sir Thomas Morgan was the son of Sir William Morgan and Florence Brydges, sister of  Anne Bridges (being daus. of Sir Giles Brydges), second wife of Sir Rhys Mansell, of Oxwich Castle & Beaupre, later of Margam Abbey, b. January 25, 1487, d. April 10, 1559, who purchased Margam abbey from the Crown (De Gray Birch , Catalogue). He m. 1. (May 17,1511) Eleanor Bassett, dau of James Bassett of Beaupre by Katherine, dau of Simon Mathew of Llandaff; they the father of Sir Edward Mansell, of Penrice, Oxwich, and Margam, who m. Jane Somerset, daughter of Henry, 2nd earl of Worcester; their son being Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England, one of ten sons, who m. 1. Elizabeth Bacon, dau of Sir Nicholas Bacon, the lord keeper. a brother of Sir Robert Mansel, Francis Mansel, m. Catherine, dau, of Henry Morgan.

His early naval career is not recorded, but he served in the 1596 raid on Cadiz under the Earl of Essex, commanding HMS Vanguard, and was knighted for his part in it. He married secondly, in 1617, Anne, daughter of Sir. John Roper, and one of the queen’s maids of honour (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 18 Nov. 1616, 15 March 1617). 

In 1602, Sir Robert printed what is now a rare tract, entitled “A true report of the service done upon certain gallies passing through the narrow seas; written to the Lord High Admirall of England, by Sir Robert Mansel, Knight, Admiral of Her Majesty's forces in that place.” On the frontispiece is a large woodcut of a ship of the line, in full sail, at each mast head on a small square flag a plain cross, and on the poop flagstaff a large ensign of the arms of the Lord High Admiral, the Earl of Nottingham, being Howard, Brotherton, Warren, and Mowbray, with a mullet over all. Sir Robert puts forth this statement, because false accounts have been published of the proceedings, ignoring Her Majesty's ship and himself. It seems that on the 23rd of Sept. 1600-1, Sir Robert was in command of the “Hope,” with the “Advantage,” Capt. Jones (probably of Fonmon), and two Dutch consorts, men of war, besides two fly-boats. The other ships of his squadron had been dispatched on special service, especially the “Advice,” Capt. Bredgate, which was in the Downs. Sir Robert's duty was to intercept certain gallies, expected to be coming from the west, for the ports of Dunkirk, Niewport, or Sluys. With this view he stood S.E. across the channel towards France, somewhat E. of the Goodwins, and much nearer to the French coast. The “Advantage” was to his starboard or weather side and the other ships beyond her. While thus sailing they sighted six gallies to the N.W., shifted their course to cut them off, and gained upon them. The two fly-boats were nearest to the gallies and no match for them, but the heavy metal of the “Hope” made the gallies afraid to attack. They went about, used their oars, and ran down the English coast, having the best of it in speed. Their object clearly was to escape out of sight, and then cross the channel for Dunkirk. Sir Robert dispatched the “Advice” to Calais roads to warn the Dutchmen lying there to look out, and as he continued the chase he fired great guns to call the attention of the “Answer” to what was going forward. As the gallies neared the Downs and came within sight of the “Answer,” Sir Robert made for the south end of the Goodwins and there lay to, explaining to his men in a speech from the poop his reason for doing so. This was that if thegallies continued off the English coast they would probably, without his aid, be taken or run ashore; but that if they ran out to sea his presence would be necessary to cut them off. Accordingly the gallies seem to have fallen into the trap, to have left their pursuers behind, and to have been sighted on their course across by Sir Robert, who disabled one, but was prevented from taking her by the necessity for attacking the rest. The result was, that of the six two were run down or stemmed and sunk, two were wrecked off Niewport, and two seem to have reached Dunkirk, though so damaged as to be past ordinary repairs. As the sort of general engagement that ended the affair took place after dark, there was much uncertainty as to how much each ship contributed to the victory, and the Dutchmen, who probably had the best of it, claimed it; but Sir Robert maintained that really the victory was due to him, since he waylaid the gallies, which would otherwise have made their port, certainly crippled one, and as certainly delayed the rest until the Dutchmen came up with them. He seems to have shown a sound perception of the duties of a commander-in-chief, and to have postponed any desire for personal distinction to the general duty of bringing about the destruction of the enemy (Archaeologia Cambrensis 234 1873).

The Fonmon family of Jones refers to Colonel Philip Jones (1618 – 5 September 1674), who was a Welsh military leader and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1650 and 1656. He rose to the rank of Colonel in the service of the Parliamentary Army under Fairfax during the English Civil War. As Governor of Swansea he successfully held the town against the Royalist forces. Jones was born at the Great House, Swansea, the son of David Johns of Swansea and Penywaun Llangyfelach. He became Parliamentarian governor of Swansea on November 17, 1645, and was governor of Cardiff by 1649. In 1646, he was a colonel in the Parliamentary army (Williams, William Retlaw, The parliamentary history of the principality of Wales, from the earliesr times to the present day, 1541-1895, pp. 97-98, 1885).

                                    SUGGESTED ANCESTRY OF ROBERT JONES OF FLEET'S BAY AND THOMAS JONES OF POWELL'S CREEK

1. Pasgen, Lord of Gower. Peter Bartrum concluded the Pasgen of Gower must have been born c. 850 and was simply mistaken for the much earlier man of that name.[ P.C. Bartrum "Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts", 1966, pp 141]. The following table shows estimated dates of birth.
2. 880, Ynyr ap Pasgen.
3. 910, Mor ap Ynir.
4. 940, Rhiryd ap Mor.
5. 975, Llywarch ap Rhiryd.
6. 1010, Rhun ap Llywarch.                               
7. 1040, Seisyll ap Rhun.                             
8. 1070, Gwrwared ap Seisyll.      
9. 1100, Cynhaethwy ap Gwrwared.    
10. 1130, Llywarch ap Cynhaethwy.     
11. 1165, Einion ap Llywarch "ap Cynhaethwy ap Gwrwared ap Seisyllt ap Rhun ap Llywarch ap Rhiryd ap Mor ap Pasgen" (West Wales Historical Records, vol ii, p. 12).
12. 1195, Gronwy ap Einion.         
13. 1225, Rhys ap Gronwy.           
14. 1260, Elidyr ap Rhys, alive in 1302 when fined for withdrawing a lawsuit laid before the hundred court in Dinefwr(Public Records Office, SC2/215/17 m.2 (1302-3) reproduced in "West Wales Historical Records", vol 1, p 185).
15. 1295, Elidyr ap Elidyr.
16. 1325, Philip ap Elidyr, married Gwladys (1330) ferch Dafydd Fras (1295) ap Einion Goch (1265) ap Einion Fychan (1235) ap Einion Goeg (1200) ap Rhiwallon (1165) ap Bleddri (1130) ap Rhys (1095) ap Bleddri ap (1065) Cadifor Fawr (Pen. 131, 140,220, 273, 295, 316). He was one of the attorneys deputed in 1362 to deliver Carreg Cennen castle to John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, into whose service he passed (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1360-4, 418), and he was paid by the duke in 1386 and the following year, presumably for other important functions he had performed (PRO, Duchy of Lancaster, Rentals and Surveys, 15/1 m.3; /2 m.2).
17. 1355, Nicholas ap Philip, married Jonet  ferch Gruffud ap Llywelyn. His brother Gwilym ap Philip was important enough for his knowledge of the lordship of Llandovery to be sought in 1391 when its descent was investigated at Carmarthen following the death of the title holder, and he was receiver of the lordship of Kidwelly until 1401. Gwilym married Gwladus, the daughter of Henry Dwnn, and he became a prominent supporter of Glyn Dwr’s revolt and fought alongside his father-in-law for at least the years 1401-03 (R.R.Davies, Glyn Dwr, pp.232, 273-4). Later Gwilym’s son Rhys joined his cousin Gruffud ap Nicholas in acting as deputy-constable of Dinefwr castle in 1429.
18. 1385, Gruffudd ap Nicholas, married Mabli Dwnn, daughjter of Gruffud Dwnn;  the epithet Dwn, meaning dusky or dark, of Penallt (head of the hillside) near Kidwelly in the south west of Carmarthenshire, where Gruffud Dwnn witnessed charters between 1340 and 1358. He led 350 Welshmen in the retinue of the earl of Lancaster in the 1340s. The family also held Croesallgwn, from where Gruffud made a gift of lands to Carmarthen priory in 1364 (Historic Carmarthenshire Homes, pp. 44, 145). The family bore arms Azure, a wolf salient Argent (on a blue shield a silver wolf leaping). Gruffud’s son Henry Dwnn served under John of Gaunt in France in 1369, and became Gaunt’s steward or chief officer of the lordship of Kidwelly in 1388-9. Henry also served in Ireland with Richard II in 1394-5. Nevertheless, he became a very prominent supporter of the rebellion of Owain Glyn Dwr, and led the attacks on Dinefwr and Kidwelly castles in 1403, for which he was outlawed and fined 400 marks. The chief historian of the Glyn Dwr revolt has summarized Henry's audacious support for the revolt and his amazing resilience and survival instinct, with the result that his lands were restored to him in 1413 in return for a very large fine of £200, which he managed never to pay. Henry's son Maredudd is much less well known than his father and may have died as a young man. He is known primarily through his daughter Mabli Dwnn, who married Gruffud ap Nicholas, and his two sons Owain and Gruffudd. R.R. Davies contrasts the two brothers to their grandfather after the failure of the Glyn Dwr revolt as they began ”clambering their way back to favour and power” (Glyn Dwr, p.313). Others may see them as no different from their grandfather who had also fought for the king as a younger man and was restored to power in 1413, but was then too close to the end of his life, and too powerful, to bother about ‘favour’. They were all representative of their times, and there were plenty of similar examples. Owain Dwnn, brother of Mabli, apparently had good relations with her husband. In 1446 Owain held a court at Carreg Cennen castle with his brother-in-law Gruffud ap Nicholas, who is said to have composed verses in his honor. Owain lived at Mudlescwm near the Dwnn family home at Penallt, but through his wife Catherine Wogan he also owned Picton castle in Pembrokeshire. Their son Henry succeeded to both estates, but he supported the Yorkists during the Wars of the Roses and was killed at Banbury in 1469, listed as Henry Dwnn of Picton (Evans p.108). His estate was split between his two daughters, Joan and Jenet. Joan married Thomas ap Philip of Cilsant, and they became the founders of the Philipps family, who still own Picton castle. The other daughter Jenet Dwnn inherited Mudlescwm and married the attorney Trahaearn Morgan, the son of Morgan ap Jenkin of Pencoed castle in Monmouthshire. This Trahaearn was the son of Morgan's second wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir David Mathew. Mabli’s eldest brother Gruffudd Dwnn had been present with his grandfather at the siege of Kidwelly castle but had been pardoned in 1413, though he and his brother Owain still had not paid the fine in 1439, and they secured its cancellation five years later.  He had redeemed the family honor in English eyes by his distinguished war record as a man-at-arms at Agincourt in 1415 and as a lieutenant up to 1443, including his action in 1440 which led to the capture of Harfleur (Griffiths, Principality, p.201; Evans p.32). He acquired lands in France and traded with that country, importing Gascon wines into Carmarthen.  He married an English woman, Joan Scudamore, when it became legal for a mixed marriage of Welsh and English.  Interestingly, Joan was not wholly English, as her mother Alice was the daughter of Owain Glyn Dwr (Jones, Historic Carms Homes, p.145). Gruffudd Dwnn had four sons, all of whom fought with him in France. As a Yorkist his son Robert was a servant of Edward IV, and in 1471 was appointed Constable of Cardigan castle for life. Gruffudd’s younger son John Dwnn became the most widely known and most distinguished member of the Dwnn family. Griffiths has summarized his very successful career (Principality, pp.187-8, 203,277). He fought for the future Edward IV at Mortimer’s Cross in 1461, and was rewarded by being appointed Constable of Carmarthen and Aberystwyth castles, and in that capacity he defeated an uprising with the help of Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower. Gruffud surpassed his ancestors by becoming the most powerful of the king’s subjects in west Wales, and Griffiths describes his career in “Gruffudd ap Nicholas and the Rise of the House of Dinefwr” (NLWJ, pp. 256-268). He began by being appointed in 1415 to collect money from the sale of escheated lands in Iscennen, i.e. lands that had reverted to the king on the death of a landholder without heirs, and from 1416 an increasing number of offices and leases of land and profits came his way. From 1433 he acted as deputy to Edmund Beaufort as steward of Kidwelly, and it was probably due to Beaufort’s influence that he received English denizenship. His connection with Dinefwr castle had begun in 1425, when he became approver of the royal demesnes there. In 1429 he was acting as joint Constable, and in 1440 he secured a lease on favorable terms of the lordship of Dinefwr and the town of Newton, which he held until 1456. John Davies calls him “the most powerful of the Welsh gentry of his day” (p.209). Evans calls him “a remarkable character who dominated West Wales in the middle of the fifteenth century,” and says he “was intensely national, and in his generous patronage of the bards he faithfully mirrors the Welsh aristocracy of his day” (p.15). To rise to power he made himself indispensable to successive holders of high office (primarily Englishmen) who had little time to devote to their Welsh duties during the troubled reign of Henry VI. He deputized much of the time between 1443 and 1456 in the major role of Justiciar of south Wales, the political and judicial head of royal government, responsible to the king. During this period he built up vast landholdings in Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire, and many Welshmen complained to the king’s Council of his abuse of power, but Henry VI was too weak to take effective act. Gruffud was also eulogized by the poets, Lewis Glyn Cothi describing him as the ”Constantine of great Carmarthen.” He is credited with having summoned and presided over an eisteddfod at Carmarthen in 1453 at which the Twenty-four Metres of Welsh prosody were agreed upon. He considered Carmarthen Castle as his own home (J. Davies, p. 210). His power was curbed after the Yorkist victory at St Albans in 1455, but he was still the main supporter of the Lancastrians in south Wales when Queen Margaret sent her husband’s step-brother Edmund Tudor there in 1456 to re-establish the power of the crown. Gruffud may have seen Edmund as a rival, and they were reported in letters of the Paston family as personal enemies (Evans p.55; Griffiths, Welsh History Review, vol. II, p.225). But if he committed any offenses, he and his sons Owain and Thomas received a full pardon from the new government of the Queen by 1456, according to Griffiths (p. 226).

19. 1415, Thomas ap Gruffudd, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Gruffydd of Abermarlais, lord of Llansadwrn and of lands in Cardiganshire. Her family was important in Welsh history, one ancestor having commanded Welsh troops in the French wars including Crecy in 1346, and been knighted. More importantly, the family descended from Ednyfed Fychan, seneschal of Llywelyn the Great, and Gwenllian, the daughter of the LORD RHYS, as did the Tudor family (J.Davies p.140). After Elizabeth’s death, Thomas married Jonet Malephant, sister of his brother Owain’s wife Alswn (Griffiths, Sir Rhys, p. 28).
20. 1449 - 1525, Sir Rhys ap Thomas. In 1461, when Rhys ap Thomas was twelve or thirteen, a Lancastrian army raised in Wales under Jasper Tudor, the Earl of Pembroke, moved into England but was defeated at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross by Edward, Earl of March (the eldest son of Richard of York who had been killed a few weeks before. Rhys's grandfather Gruffydd ap Nicholas was killed in the battle. Within a few weeks, Edward had been proclaimed King Edward IV, and the main Lancastrian armies were crushed at the Battle of Towton in Yorkshire. Some Lancastrians, including Rhys's father Thomas, continued to resist in Wales. Thomas and his brother Owain defended Carreg Cennen Castle near Llandeilo. They were forced to surrender in 1462 after a siege. The victorious Yorkists demolished the castle to prevent it being used as a Lancastrian stronghold again. The lands of the defeated Lancastrians were confiscated, and Thomas, with the young Rhys, went into exile at the court of Philip the Good, the Duke of Burgundy. Thomas and Rhys returned to Wales in 1467, and reacquired at least some of their former lands. This was during a period which included the Readeption of Henry VI, when many former Lancastrians regained their lands, and contrived to keep them even after the subsequent victory of Edward IV in 1471. Thomas died in 1474. Rhys's two elder brothers had already died, and Rhys inherited his father's estates. In 1483, Edward IV died. His son, Edward V was still a minor. Edward's surviving brother Richard of Gloucester and the Duke of Buckingham moved to prevent the unpopular relatives of Elizabeth Woodville, Edward's Queen, from sharing in power or even dominating the government during the young King's minority. Rhys had declined to support Buckingham's uprising. In the aftermath, when Richard appointed officers to replace those who had joined the revolt, he made Rhys ap Thomas his principal lieutenant in south west Wales and granted him an annuity for life of 40 marks. Rhys was required to send his son Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas to the King's court at Nottingham as a hostage, but he excused himself from this obligation by claiming that nothing could bind him to his duty more strongly than his conscience. He is supposed to have taken an oath that "Whoever ill-affected to the state, shall dare to land in those parts of Wales where I have any employment under your majesty, must resolve with himself to make his entrance and irruption over my belly". Henry's and Rhys's forces marched separately through Wales, with Rhys recruiting 500 men as he proceeded. On 22 August, they met Richard's army near Market Bosworth. In the resulting Battle of Bosworth Richard and his companion knights charged directly at Henry. The king was unhorsed and surrounded. The poet Guto'r Glyn implies that Rhys himself was responsible for killing Richard, possibly with a poll axe. Referring to Richard's emblem of a boar, the poet writes that Rhys "killed the boar, shaved his head" ("Lladd y baedd, eilliodd ei ben").[ Griffith, Ralph, Sir Rhys ap Thomas and his family: a study in the Wars of the Roses and early Tudor politics, University of Wales Press, 1993, p.43]. However, this may only mean that one of Rhys's Welsh halberdiers killed the king, since the Burgundian chronicler Jean Molinet, says that a Welshman struck the death-blow with a halberd.[ibid.] Guto'r Glyn himself says that Rhys was "like the stars of a shield with the spear in their midst on a great steed" ("A Syr Rys mal syr aesaw, Â’r gwayw’n eu mysg ar gnyw mawr"). He was knighted on the field of battle (E. A. Rees, A Life of Guto'r Glyn, Y Lolfa, 2008, p. 212.)  Richard III's wounds match medieval Welsh poem description.  After Henry VII made his eldest son Arthur the Prince of Wales, he sent the boy to Ludlow castle under Sir Rhys’s guardianship. Rhys recovered the Dinefwr estates, which his descendants continued to hold apart from a few breaks (their mansion stands near the ruins of Dinefwr castle). What Henry VII recognized in Rhys ap Thomas was that combination of military prowess, influence in south and west Wales, and personal loyalty in a crisis which had been crucial to Henry’s seizure of the throne in August 1485. It underpins the testimonial in the Anglica Historia of Polydore Vergil, who could easily have encountered Rhys face to face at the court of the first two Tudor monarchs: to the Italian historian employed by Henry VII, Rhys seemed ‘a man noted for strength of will and military experience’, ‘an excellent leader in war’ (Hay, Polydore Vergil, pp.52, 97). A little later, Richard Grafton ranked him as one of Henry’s counselors ‘as well circumspect as wise’ (Grafton, p.550). His motto, ‘Secret et Hardy’, still to be seen on his Garter plate in St George’s Chapel, Windsor, seems particularly apt. 
21. 1475, John Rhys ap Thomas ap Gruffydd, of Abermarlais. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Vychan, of Bredwardine (see Vaughun of Tre’rtwr), and had a son, Sir Thomas ap John, or Johnes, of Abermarlais and Haroldston, Sheriff of the co. of Carm. 1541, and Card. 1544, first Kt. of the Shire in Parliament for the co. of Pemb. He obtained Haroldston in the latter co. by his second wife, dau. and h. of James Berkeley, and widow of Thomas Perrot, Kt. of Haroldston. Sir Thomas Johnes was s. by his son, Sir Henry (Sheriff for Carm. 1574) who m. Elizabeth, dau. of Matthew Herbert, Esq., of Swansea, and had issue Sir Thomas Johnes, Kt., of Abermarlais (Sheriff for Carm. 1589 and 1603), who by his wife Jane, dau. and h. of Rowland Puleston, Esq., of Carnarvonshire.
22. 1505, Sir Thomas ap John, or Johnes, m. 2nd w. Mary, da. of James Berkeley of Thornbury, Glos. (Sir Thomas Johnes married, firstly, Elisabeth, dau. of Sir Edward Dwnn (by Ann, daughter of Sir John Verney, and grand-daughter of Sir John Dwnn, of Abercyfor and Cwrt Pibwr, and Elisabeth his wife, daughter of Lord Hastings, by whom he had issue, two daughters, coheiresses of their mother. 1. Ann Johnes married John Cotton, of Whittington or Wellington, co. Gloucester, by whom he had issue. 2. Frances Johnes, 2nd coheiress, m. Ralph Lee, of Saunderton, Bucks.Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), clxxx, 7; Feet of F. Bucks. East. 2 Eliz.; Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 117, no. 7.Their son and heir was Edward Donne Lee, whose had issue at least three sons. including twin sons, one, also named Edward Lee, is described on entering Magdalen College, Oxford in 1589 as of Buckinghamshire, but on entering Lincoln’s Inn in 1592 as of Carmarthenshire, while the other,  Henry Lee, carried on the line at Pibwr, near Carmarthen (Trans Cymmrod. Soc. 1941, pp. 115-49; Hist. Carm. ed Lloyd, i. 237, 258-60, 375; ii. 453, 456; Vis. Bucks. (Harl. Soc. lviii); Trans. W. Wales Hist. Soc.). 
23a. 1530, Sir Henry Johnes, Sheriff of Carmarthen. His wife's uncle was Sir Thomas Morgan, High Sheriff of Monmouth, whose aunt was second wife of Sir Rhys Mansell, grandfather of Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England, one of ten sons, one probably being Thomas Mansell, as follows. Sir Henry Johnes, Sheriff of Carmarthen  m. (1) by 1554, Elizabeth (d. August 10. 1571), dau. of Mathew Herbert of Cogan Pill, Glam., at least 1s. Sir Thomas Johns of Abermarlais (d. March 7, 1604), m. Jane Puleston, dau. and coheiress of Rowland Puleston and Anne, dau. of Rowland Gruffydd of Plas Newydd, Anglesea, and second son of Sir John Puleston, of Bersham, Chamberlain of North Wales, and Constable of Caernarvon Castle. their dau. Elizabeth, married William Awbrey (Lewis Dwnn, Deputy Herald, Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613, Vol. I pp. 189, 333, vol. ii. pp. 58, 151).
23b. 1530, Robert Jones, 'mariner', probably an English Navy captain.
24b. 1555, William Jones. Captain of 'the Crane', an English navy ship that patroled the English Channel in 1602, replacing Thomas Mansell, a likely younger brother of Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England.
25b. 1580, John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, m. Anne Vassal, will pr. 27 july 1640 - 'to son William Jones my little gilt silver tankard which my husband's father took in Cadiz'.
26b. Baptised October 22, 1618, Robert Jones, of Fleet's Bay. Mr. Robert Jones died in 1676, his Will being probated on March 1st of that year, naming 'my loving friends Mr. Thomas Haynes and Mr. George Flowers' to be overseers; and witnesses 'Benj. Doggit' and 'Mathew Burrowes'.
26b. Baptised March 26, 1626, 'Thomas Jons the sone of Mr John Jons Rector and Ano his wife'. Patented land in Powell’s Creek, in Bermuda Hundred.

Although Robert Jones was mentioned in is father's Will of 1636, and not in his mother's of 1640, it should perhaps be noted that these Wills are somewhat vexatious; John Jones disallows his son Adam from inheriting any part of his 'proportional lands', and leaves a symbolic '12 pence apiece' to all his sons. This certainly implies disapproval of Adam, and  disinheritance, the English term 'cut off with a shilling' stems from this practice. His wife's Will of 1640 also conspicuously lists two of hers sons in its margin, as if her bequest to them was a death-bed afterthought, which did not apply to Robert. significantly, it would have been singularly unusual for Robert, if dying between his father's death, and the date of his mother's Will, not to have been buried at St Nicholas Acons, alongside his siblings and grandmother. There is no record of his burial in the parish registers, and this fact, together with the links heretofore given to the families of Doggit and Burrowes, strongly suggests that Robert Jones, of Fleet's Bay, was the son of 'Mr John Jons Rector and Ano his wife'. The association of his grandfather with the Mansells, kin of the Jones family of Abermarlais, strongly suggest that he was a 25th generation descendant of Pasgen, Lord of Gower.

copyright  m stanhope 2015


AD.

 
1. William the Conqueror, descendant of the Norman Dukes, m. Matilda of Flanders, dau. of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and Adèle of France, dau. of Robert II. of France.

2.Henry I. (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death. Henry was the fourth son of William the Conqueror. He m. Matilda, dau. of Malcolm III. of Scotland and Saint Margaret.

3. Empress Matilda, m. Geoffrey (le Bel) Plantagenet, August 24, 1113–September 7, 1151, Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144.His parents were Fulk, Count of Anjou, and King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death, and Ermengarde of Maine, also known as Erembourg de la Flèche (died 1126), Countess of Maine and the Lady of Château-du-Loir, dau. of Elias I, Count of Maine, and Mathilda of Château-du-Loire.

4. Henry II., March 5, 1133–6 July 1189, also known as Henry Curtmantle, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England. He m. Eleanor of Aquitaine, dau. of William X, Duke of Aquitaine, and Aenor de Châtellerault, dau. of Aimery I, Viscount of Châtellerault, and Dangerose de l' Isle Bouchard.

5. John, December 24, 1166–October 19, 1216, also known as John Lackland, King of England from April 6, 1199 until his death in 1216, m.  Isabella of Angoulême.

6. Henry III., October 1, 1207-November 16, 1272, m. Eleanor of Provence, dau. of Raymond-Berengar, Count of Provence, and Beatrice of Savoy.

7. Edward I., June 17, 1239–July 7, 1307, also known as Edward Longshanks, and the Hammer of the Scots, King of England from 1272 to 1307, m. Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France, and Maria of Brabant.

8. Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk. He m. firstly, before January 8, 1326, Alice de Hales, dau. of Sir Roger de Hales, of Roughton, Norfolk, by his wife, Alice.
 
9. Margaret, in her own right Countess of Norfolk (sometimes surnamed Brotherton), m. John, Lord Segrave, son of Stephen Segrave, 3rd Baron Segrave, and Alice FitzAlan.

10. Elizabeth Segrave, m. John, Lord Mowbray, son of John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, of Axholme, Lincolnshire, by his second wife, Joan of Lancaster, sixth and youngest dau. of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, younger son of Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, son of King Henry III. andEleanor of Provence. Henry's mother was Blanche of Artois, Queen Dowager of Navarre.

11. Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. On June 30, 1385 he was created Earl Marshal for life, and on January 12, 1386 he was granted the office in tail male. He m. Elizabeth FitzAlan, widow of Sir William Montagu, and dau. of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, and Elizabeth Bohun, dau. of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton.

12. Isabel de Mowbray, m., secondly, James, Lord Berkeley, son of Sir James de Berkeley and Elizabeth Bluet.

13. Maurice de Berkeley, de jure 3rd Lord Berkeley,  m. Isabel Mead, dau. of Philip Mead, of Mead's Place, Wraxall, Somerset, Alderman and thrice Mayor of Bristol.
 
14. Sir James Berkeley, m. Susan  FitzAlan  dau. and h. of William Fitzalan, of Bristol.

15. Mary Berkeley, m. Sir Thomas Johns of Abermarlais.

16a. Sir Henry Johns of Abermarlais, m. Elizabeth Herbert. 16b. Robert Jones.

17a. Sir Thomas Johns of Abermarlais, m Jane Puleston. 17b. Captain William Jones.

18a. Elizabeth Jones, m. Sir William Awbrey of Abercynrig. 18b. John Jones, rector of St Nicholas Acons.

19a. John Awbrey. 19b. Robert Jones of Fleet's Bay. Thomas Jones of Powell's Creek; almost certainly the father of Mr. George Jones.

 
William Chandler was certified as a transportee of Leonard Howson in Northumberland County on January 17, 1682  Thomas Chandler witnessed the 1692 Will of John Awbrey, whose widow Jane Awbrey married William Chandler. William appears in many Westmoreland County documents including his nuncupative will proved by Thomas Lee on July 21, 1729. He gave his wife at that time, what the law provided; his former wife's sister, Elizabeth Cooper, a slave; and friend, Henry Lee, a horse. He gave the remainder of his estate to Chandler Awbrey, his godson and grandson-in-law, whom he had reared with Jane.

 'Will of Honoria Jones, widow & relict of Mr. George Jones, being sick & weak of body ...  to my daughter Margaret Blagg, that seat … of land wch I purc. of Colnll. John Vassall lying & being on South Side of Rappa. River contaying Eleven hundred seventy & five acres the sd land to be at her absolute sole disposall for ever… to my daughter Elizabeth Gardner my Wedding Ring wch joyned me and my Husband Majr. John Weire in matrimonie … to my son In law Mr. Abraham Blagg 20 Shillings to buy him a mourning Ring … to my son Richard Gardner, a knife a ring of the aforesd value… to my Grandchild Richard Watts, one silver ... grandson, Edward BLagg, same aforesaid … grandson Luke Gardner the same … grandson Jno Gardner the same … daughter Margrett Blagg, Wife of Mr. Abraham Blagg to be my sole Executrix ... S/Honoria Jones. Wits: James Harrison, Andw. Oneby, Michael Bassey, Prvd. 21 Dec 1685 by Bassey, Wits. Henry Awbrey, Geo. Taylor. Rec. 4 Jan 1685/6. (Old Rappa. W.B.2: 84-5).

Christ Church Parish register, p. 29: William Jones, of New Kent County,  married (1) Alice Lee, July 8, 1686. He married (2) Mary Lee, also a daughter of Thomas Lee. They had 3 sons and 2 daughters. His will was made  March 6, 1709, and probated Dec. 19, 1709. Excutors: Wife Mary Lee Jones, and sons: William , Thomas, and James. Witnesses: Richard Winn, Thomas Warwick, William Gardner, and Thomas Chaney. Middlesex County Order Book 2, 1680-1694, p. 557.

Middlesex County Wills and Inventories: 1673-1812, p. 222. The will of Thomas Lee was dated February 13, 1709, proved March 6, 1709. In it he mentions his wife Elizabeth, son Charles, daughters Mary Jones and Ann Gardner, grandson Thomas Lee to whom he left the plantation bought of Anthony Slaughter, grandson Charles Lee and granddaughter Elizabeth Mullins, daughter of William Mullins, dec. His son Charles was executor and the witnesses were John Owen, Elizabeth Mullins and Ringing Gardner.

To be continued ... M.S.